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The Semantic Associative Ability in Preschoolers with Different Language Onset Time.

Di Giacomo D, Ranieri J, Donatucci E, Caputi N, Passafiume D - Front Psychol (2016)

Bottom Line: The results evidenced that the children with delayed language onset performed significantly better than the children with early language production.No difference was found between typical and delayed language groups.The time of language onset appeared to be a predictive factor in the use of semantic associative strategies; the early talkers might present a slow pattern of conceptual processing, whereas the typical and late talkers may have protective factors.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L'Aquila L'Aquila, Italy.

ABSTRACT
Aim of the study is to verify the semantic associative abilities in children with different language onset times: early, typical, and delayed talkers. The study was conducted on the sample of 74 preschool children who performed a Perceptual Associative Task, in order to evaluate the ability to link concepts by four associative strategies (function, part/whole, contiguity, and superordinate strategies). The results evidenced that the children with delayed language onset performed significantly better than the children with early language production. No difference was found between typical and delayed language groups. Our results showed that the children with early language onset presented weakness in the flexibility of elaboration of the concepts. The typical and delayed language onset groups overlapped performance in the associative abilities. The time of language onset appeared to be a predictive factor in the use of semantic associative strategies; the early talkers might present a slow pattern of conceptual processing, whereas the typical and late talkers may have protective factors.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Representation of the perfromance of EL, TL, and DL groups in Matching task.∗∗statistically significant.
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Figure 4: Representation of the perfromance of EL, TL, and DL groups in Matching task.∗∗statistically significant.

Mentions: Then, we have conducted a statistical analysis to evaluate the performance of the three language onset time groups (EL, TL, and DL) in the associative test (Naming and Matching task). Table 3 reported the raw score of the sample distributed in language onset time. A 3 × 2 MANOVA showed differences between language onset time groups in semantic tasks [F(4,140) = 2.94; p = 0.02, and η2 = 0.78]. The Post hoc analysis (Tukey test) evidenced different performance between language onset groups only in the Matching task: the EL group’s scores were lower than TL (p < 0.001) and DL (p < 0.004) groups (Figure 4).


The Semantic Associative Ability in Preschoolers with Different Language Onset Time.

Di Giacomo D, Ranieri J, Donatucci E, Caputi N, Passafiume D - Front Psychol (2016)

Representation of the perfromance of EL, TL, and DL groups in Matching task.∗∗statistically significant.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4940418&req=5

Figure 4: Representation of the perfromance of EL, TL, and DL groups in Matching task.∗∗statistically significant.
Mentions: Then, we have conducted a statistical analysis to evaluate the performance of the three language onset time groups (EL, TL, and DL) in the associative test (Naming and Matching task). Table 3 reported the raw score of the sample distributed in language onset time. A 3 × 2 MANOVA showed differences between language onset time groups in semantic tasks [F(4,140) = 2.94; p = 0.02, and η2 = 0.78]. The Post hoc analysis (Tukey test) evidenced different performance between language onset groups only in the Matching task: the EL group’s scores were lower than TL (p < 0.001) and DL (p < 0.004) groups (Figure 4).

Bottom Line: The results evidenced that the children with delayed language onset performed significantly better than the children with early language production.No difference was found between typical and delayed language groups.The time of language onset appeared to be a predictive factor in the use of semantic associative strategies; the early talkers might present a slow pattern of conceptual processing, whereas the typical and late talkers may have protective factors.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L'Aquila L'Aquila, Italy.

ABSTRACT
Aim of the study is to verify the semantic associative abilities in children with different language onset times: early, typical, and delayed talkers. The study was conducted on the sample of 74 preschool children who performed a Perceptual Associative Task, in order to evaluate the ability to link concepts by four associative strategies (function, part/whole, contiguity, and superordinate strategies). The results evidenced that the children with delayed language onset performed significantly better than the children with early language production. No difference was found between typical and delayed language groups. Our results showed that the children with early language onset presented weakness in the flexibility of elaboration of the concepts. The typical and delayed language onset groups overlapped performance in the associative abilities. The time of language onset appeared to be a predictive factor in the use of semantic associative strategies; the early talkers might present a slow pattern of conceptual processing, whereas the typical and late talkers may have protective factors.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus