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The Semantic Associative Ability in Preschoolers with Different Language Onset Time.

Di Giacomo D, Ranieri J, Donatucci E, Caputi N, Passafiume D - Front Psychol (2016)

Bottom Line: The results evidenced that the children with delayed language onset performed significantly better than the children with early language production.No difference was found between typical and delayed language groups.The time of language onset appeared to be a predictive factor in the use of semantic associative strategies; the early talkers might present a slow pattern of conceptual processing, whereas the typical and late talkers may have protective factors.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L'Aquila L'Aquila, Italy.

ABSTRACT
Aim of the study is to verify the semantic associative abilities in children with different language onset times: early, typical, and delayed talkers. The study was conducted on the sample of 74 preschool children who performed a Perceptual Associative Task, in order to evaluate the ability to link concepts by four associative strategies (function, part/whole, contiguity, and superordinate strategies). The results evidenced that the children with delayed language onset performed significantly better than the children with early language production. No difference was found between typical and delayed language groups. Our results showed that the children with early language onset presented weakness in the flexibility of elaboration of the concepts. The typical and delayed language onset groups overlapped performance in the associative abilities. The time of language onset appeared to be a predictive factor in the use of semantic associative strategies; the early talkers might present a slow pattern of conceptual processing, whereas the typical and late talkers may have protective factors.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Comparison of age groups performance in Naming and Matching tasks.
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Figure 3: Comparison of age groups performance in Naming and Matching tasks.

Mentions: A MANOVA 3 (age groups) × 2 (tasks: Naming, Matching) evidenced significant difference among the three groups in the two tasks [Naming: F(2,71) = 8.4; p = 0.001, and η2 = 0.19; Matching: F(2,71) = 23.5; p < 0.0001, and η2 = 0.39]. The Post hoc analysis (Tukey test) showed that in the Naming task, the 3-year-old group was significantly different from the 4-year-old (p < 0.002), and 5-year-old groups (p < 0.001) while no significative difference were found between the 4- and 5-year-old groups. Significant differences were also found in the Matching task: the 3-year-old group was less able than the 4-year-old (p < 0.001) and 5-year-old groups (p < 0.004; Figure 3). The expected results have confirmed out the previous data (Di Giacomo et al., 2012).


The Semantic Associative Ability in Preschoolers with Different Language Onset Time.

Di Giacomo D, Ranieri J, Donatucci E, Caputi N, Passafiume D - Front Psychol (2016)

Comparison of age groups performance in Naming and Matching tasks.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4940418&req=5

Figure 3: Comparison of age groups performance in Naming and Matching tasks.
Mentions: A MANOVA 3 (age groups) × 2 (tasks: Naming, Matching) evidenced significant difference among the three groups in the two tasks [Naming: F(2,71) = 8.4; p = 0.001, and η2 = 0.19; Matching: F(2,71) = 23.5; p < 0.0001, and η2 = 0.39]. The Post hoc analysis (Tukey test) showed that in the Naming task, the 3-year-old group was significantly different from the 4-year-old (p < 0.002), and 5-year-old groups (p < 0.001) while no significative difference were found between the 4- and 5-year-old groups. Significant differences were also found in the Matching task: the 3-year-old group was less able than the 4-year-old (p < 0.001) and 5-year-old groups (p < 0.004; Figure 3). The expected results have confirmed out the previous data (Di Giacomo et al., 2012).

Bottom Line: The results evidenced that the children with delayed language onset performed significantly better than the children with early language production.No difference was found between typical and delayed language groups.The time of language onset appeared to be a predictive factor in the use of semantic associative strategies; the early talkers might present a slow pattern of conceptual processing, whereas the typical and late talkers may have protective factors.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L'Aquila L'Aquila, Italy.

ABSTRACT
Aim of the study is to verify the semantic associative abilities in children with different language onset times: early, typical, and delayed talkers. The study was conducted on the sample of 74 preschool children who performed a Perceptual Associative Task, in order to evaluate the ability to link concepts by four associative strategies (function, part/whole, contiguity, and superordinate strategies). The results evidenced that the children with delayed language onset performed significantly better than the children with early language production. No difference was found between typical and delayed language groups. Our results showed that the children with early language onset presented weakness in the flexibility of elaboration of the concepts. The typical and delayed language onset groups overlapped performance in the associative abilities. The time of language onset appeared to be a predictive factor in the use of semantic associative strategies; the early talkers might present a slow pattern of conceptual processing, whereas the typical and late talkers may have protective factors.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus