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The Semantic Associative Ability in Preschoolers with Different Language Onset Time.

Di Giacomo D, Ranieri J, Donatucci E, Caputi N, Passafiume D - Front Psychol (2016)

Bottom Line: The results evidenced that the children with delayed language onset performed significantly better than the children with early language production.No difference was found between typical and delayed language groups.The time of language onset appeared to be a predictive factor in the use of semantic associative strategies; the early talkers might present a slow pattern of conceptual processing, whereas the typical and late talkers may have protective factors.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L'Aquila L'Aquila, Italy.

ABSTRACT
Aim of the study is to verify the semantic associative abilities in children with different language onset times: early, typical, and delayed talkers. The study was conducted on the sample of 74 preschool children who performed a Perceptual Associative Task, in order to evaluate the ability to link concepts by four associative strategies (function, part/whole, contiguity, and superordinate strategies). The results evidenced that the children with delayed language onset performed significantly better than the children with early language production. No difference was found between typical and delayed language groups. Our results showed that the children with early language onset presented weakness in the flexibility of elaboration of the concepts. The typical and delayed language onset groups overlapped performance in the associative abilities. The time of language onset appeared to be a predictive factor in the use of semantic associative strategies; the early talkers might present a slow pattern of conceptual processing, whereas the typical and late talkers may have protective factors.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

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Mentions: Matching task is composed of 40 items and each item includes one target object [and three other objects (see Figure 2)]. The examinator asks to the subject to indicate which one of the three choises (objects) is related better than others to the target. The items investigate four semantic associative relations: (i) Function, (ii) Part/Whole, (iii) Contiguous, and (iv) Superordinate). The associative relations were as follows: the Function category consists of pairing an object with its use (e.g., scissors and to cut); the Part/Whole category consists of pairing an object with its single part (e.g., fish and fin); the Contiguous category consists of pairing an object with its complement (e.g.,. pencil and eraser); the Superordinate category consists of pairing an object with its class membership (e.g., dog and animal). Three trial items applied. The score was the sum of the correct responses. The Cronbach α value is: function = 0.83; part/whole = 0.86; contiguity = 0.80; superordinate = 0.80).


The Semantic Associative Ability in Preschoolers with Different Language Onset Time.

Di Giacomo D, Ranieri J, Donatucci E, Caputi N, Passafiume D - Front Psychol (2016)

Example of Naming item.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4940418&req=5

Figure 2: Example of Naming item.
Mentions: Matching task is composed of 40 items and each item includes one target object [and three other objects (see Figure 2)]. The examinator asks to the subject to indicate which one of the three choises (objects) is related better than others to the target. The items investigate four semantic associative relations: (i) Function, (ii) Part/Whole, (iii) Contiguous, and (iv) Superordinate). The associative relations were as follows: the Function category consists of pairing an object with its use (e.g., scissors and to cut); the Part/Whole category consists of pairing an object with its single part (e.g., fish and fin); the Contiguous category consists of pairing an object with its complement (e.g.,. pencil and eraser); the Superordinate category consists of pairing an object with its class membership (e.g., dog and animal). Three trial items applied. The score was the sum of the correct responses. The Cronbach α value is: function = 0.83; part/whole = 0.86; contiguity = 0.80; superordinate = 0.80).

Bottom Line: The results evidenced that the children with delayed language onset performed significantly better than the children with early language production.No difference was found between typical and delayed language groups.The time of language onset appeared to be a predictive factor in the use of semantic associative strategies; the early talkers might present a slow pattern of conceptual processing, whereas the typical and late talkers may have protective factors.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L'Aquila L'Aquila, Italy.

ABSTRACT
Aim of the study is to verify the semantic associative abilities in children with different language onset times: early, typical, and delayed talkers. The study was conducted on the sample of 74 preschool children who performed a Perceptual Associative Task, in order to evaluate the ability to link concepts by four associative strategies (function, part/whole, contiguity, and superordinate strategies). The results evidenced that the children with delayed language onset performed significantly better than the children with early language production. No difference was found between typical and delayed language groups. Our results showed that the children with early language onset presented weakness in the flexibility of elaboration of the concepts. The typical and delayed language onset groups overlapped performance in the associative abilities. The time of language onset appeared to be a predictive factor in the use of semantic associative strategies; the early talkers might present a slow pattern of conceptual processing, whereas the typical and late talkers may have protective factors.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus