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Music Undergraduates' Usefulness and Importance Expectations: The Bologna Process from an Australian University Perspective.

Harvey DG, Davidson JW, Nair CS - Front Psychol (2016)

Bottom Line: Drawing on this contextual literature, commencing university music undergraduates would have expectations of their prospective study founded from two historical influences.Strong relationships between usefulness and importance were found across all units of study.The educational model did not appear to affect music undergraduate expectations.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Music, The University of Western Australia Perth, WA, Australia.

ABSTRACT
The Bologna Process model of higher education has been introduced into some Australian universities since 2008. This model promoted university study through a liberal arts philosophy that advanced a worldview approach at the undergraduate level. The model generalized the student experience and eliminated undergraduate specialization. An interesting situation for music undergraduate study thus arose. Expertise and expert performance research has argued an opposing educational approach, namely: Extensive long-term commitment through focused practical engagement and specialized tuition as prerequisites to achieving musical mastery, especially in performance. Motivation research has shown that the majority of this specialized development in pre-university years would be accessed and reinforced predominantly through private music tuition. Drawing on this contextual literature, commencing university music undergraduates would have expectations of their prospective study founded from two historical influences. The first: How undergraduates had accessed pre-university music tuition. The second: How and in what ways undergraduates' pre-university musical activities were experienced and reinforced. Using usefulness and importance measures, the study observed the expectations of students about to commence music undergraduate studies at three representative Australian university music schools. One of these universities operated the Bologna styled model. No other known Australian study has investigated this implementation for any effects upon music undergraduate expectations. How much commencing music undergraduates would draw on their pre-university music instruction and experiences to predict their usefulness and importance expectations formed the basis for this investigation. Strong relationships between usefulness and importance were found across all units of study. Despite strong correlations across all units of study between usefulness and importance, there was a reluctance to be outwardly positive toward units of study that were not practical and performance-related, such as Music History. The educational model did not appear to affect music undergraduate expectations.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Percentage most important pre-university instruction received—access.
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Figure 4: Percentage most important pre-university instruction received—access.

Mentions: Combined averages for UWA, ECU, and MCM (n = 177) in Figure 4 illustrated that in 2013 54% of students accessed their most important pre-university music tuition privately, and 35% did so through school. Individually, the majority of students from ECU (52%) and MCM (67%) accessed their most important pre-university music instruction and activity from the private domain. Students from the UWA countered this result with 50% having accessed their most important instruction and activity through school and 44% privately. This result reflects that more UWA music students hailed from selective government funded in-school specialized music programs that operated in Western Australia (WA). ECU commencing students were more likely to originate from more diverse pre-university schooling backgrounds (34%). The state of Victoria did not operate selective government funded in-school specialized music programs. This could explain MCM's relatively low proportion of students that accessed their most important pre-university music instruction through school (22%). Two per cent of commencing ECU music undergraduates accessed their most important pre-university music instruction from some “other” source. From the qualitative inputs from this result the most important source was revealed to be “myself.” This response was curious in that it suggested that no important music instruction and activity was sourced from either private or school access points.


Music Undergraduates' Usefulness and Importance Expectations: The Bologna Process from an Australian University Perspective.

Harvey DG, Davidson JW, Nair CS - Front Psychol (2016)

Percentage most important pre-university instruction received—access.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4940396&req=5

Figure 4: Percentage most important pre-university instruction received—access.
Mentions: Combined averages for UWA, ECU, and MCM (n = 177) in Figure 4 illustrated that in 2013 54% of students accessed their most important pre-university music tuition privately, and 35% did so through school. Individually, the majority of students from ECU (52%) and MCM (67%) accessed their most important pre-university music instruction and activity from the private domain. Students from the UWA countered this result with 50% having accessed their most important instruction and activity through school and 44% privately. This result reflects that more UWA music students hailed from selective government funded in-school specialized music programs that operated in Western Australia (WA). ECU commencing students were more likely to originate from more diverse pre-university schooling backgrounds (34%). The state of Victoria did not operate selective government funded in-school specialized music programs. This could explain MCM's relatively low proportion of students that accessed their most important pre-university music instruction through school (22%). Two per cent of commencing ECU music undergraduates accessed their most important pre-university music instruction from some “other” source. From the qualitative inputs from this result the most important source was revealed to be “myself.” This response was curious in that it suggested that no important music instruction and activity was sourced from either private or school access points.

Bottom Line: Drawing on this contextual literature, commencing university music undergraduates would have expectations of their prospective study founded from two historical influences.Strong relationships between usefulness and importance were found across all units of study.The educational model did not appear to affect music undergraduate expectations.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Music, The University of Western Australia Perth, WA, Australia.

ABSTRACT
The Bologna Process model of higher education has been introduced into some Australian universities since 2008. This model promoted university study through a liberal arts philosophy that advanced a worldview approach at the undergraduate level. The model generalized the student experience and eliminated undergraduate specialization. An interesting situation for music undergraduate study thus arose. Expertise and expert performance research has argued an opposing educational approach, namely: Extensive long-term commitment through focused practical engagement and specialized tuition as prerequisites to achieving musical mastery, especially in performance. Motivation research has shown that the majority of this specialized development in pre-university years would be accessed and reinforced predominantly through private music tuition. Drawing on this contextual literature, commencing university music undergraduates would have expectations of their prospective study founded from two historical influences. The first: How undergraduates had accessed pre-university music tuition. The second: How and in what ways undergraduates' pre-university musical activities were experienced and reinforced. Using usefulness and importance measures, the study observed the expectations of students about to commence music undergraduate studies at three representative Australian university music schools. One of these universities operated the Bologna styled model. No other known Australian study has investigated this implementation for any effects upon music undergraduate expectations. How much commencing music undergraduates would draw on their pre-university music instruction and experiences to predict their usefulness and importance expectations formed the basis for this investigation. Strong relationships between usefulness and importance were found across all units of study. Despite strong correlations across all units of study between usefulness and importance, there was a reluctance to be outwardly positive toward units of study that were not practical and performance-related, such as Music History. The educational model did not appear to affect music undergraduate expectations.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus