Limits...
The Effect of Self-Esteem on Corrupt Intention: The Mediating Role of Materialism.

Liang Y, Liu L, Tan X, Huang Z, Dang J, Zheng W - Front Psychol (2016)

Bottom Line: In Study 3, we manipulated materialism to examine whether inducing materialism can reduce the relationship between self-esteem and corrupt intention.The three studies converged to show that increased self-esteem caused a low level of materialism, which in turn decreased corrupt intention.The theoretical and practical implications of the results are discussed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Beijing Key Lab of Applied Experimental Psychology, School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University Beijing, China.

ABSTRACT
The present set of studies aimed to explore the effect of self-esteem on corrupt intention and the mediating role of materialism in generating this effect. In Study 1, we used questionnaires to investigate the correlation among self-esteem, materialism, and corrupt intention. In Study 2, we manipulated self-esteem to explore the causal effect of self-esteem on materialism and corrupt intention. In Study 3, we manipulated materialism to examine whether inducing materialism can reduce the relationship between self-esteem and corrupt intention. The three studies converged to show that increased self-esteem caused a low level of materialism, which in turn decreased corrupt intention. The theoretical and practical implications of the results are discussed.

No MeSH data available.


Corrupt intention as a function of self-esteem and materialism in Study 3.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4940372&req=5

Figure 3: Corrupt intention as a function of self-esteem and materialism in Study 3.

Mentions: The results are presented in Table 2. After controlling for gender and age, self-esteem was negatively associated with corrupt intention. This association was qualified by a significant interaction between self-esteem and experimental condition (p = 0.043), displayed in Figure 3. To interpret the interaction, we tested the simple slopes using the procedures described by Aiken et al. (1991). In the control condition, the simple slope of self-esteem on corrupt intention was significant: simple slope = –1.092, SE = 0.294, t(120) = –3.716, p < 0.001, a finding consistent with Studies 1 and 2. By contrast, and consistent with our prediction, in the materialism-induction condition: simple slope = –0.268, SE = 0.296, t(120) = –0.906, p = 0.367. When primed to a materialistic mindset, the corrupt intention of participants with higher self-esteem was comparable to participants with lower self-esteem. This finding suggests that lower self-esteem individuals tended to favor corrupt behavior, at least partly because they experience a higher level of materialism than individuals with higher self-esteem do.


The Effect of Self-Esteem on Corrupt Intention: The Mediating Role of Materialism.

Liang Y, Liu L, Tan X, Huang Z, Dang J, Zheng W - Front Psychol (2016)

Corrupt intention as a function of self-esteem and materialism in Study 3.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4940372&req=5

Figure 3: Corrupt intention as a function of self-esteem and materialism in Study 3.
Mentions: The results are presented in Table 2. After controlling for gender and age, self-esteem was negatively associated with corrupt intention. This association was qualified by a significant interaction between self-esteem and experimental condition (p = 0.043), displayed in Figure 3. To interpret the interaction, we tested the simple slopes using the procedures described by Aiken et al. (1991). In the control condition, the simple slope of self-esteem on corrupt intention was significant: simple slope = –1.092, SE = 0.294, t(120) = –3.716, p < 0.001, a finding consistent with Studies 1 and 2. By contrast, and consistent with our prediction, in the materialism-induction condition: simple slope = –0.268, SE = 0.296, t(120) = –0.906, p = 0.367. When primed to a materialistic mindset, the corrupt intention of participants with higher self-esteem was comparable to participants with lower self-esteem. This finding suggests that lower self-esteem individuals tended to favor corrupt behavior, at least partly because they experience a higher level of materialism than individuals with higher self-esteem do.

Bottom Line: In Study 3, we manipulated materialism to examine whether inducing materialism can reduce the relationship between self-esteem and corrupt intention.The three studies converged to show that increased self-esteem caused a low level of materialism, which in turn decreased corrupt intention.The theoretical and practical implications of the results are discussed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Beijing Key Lab of Applied Experimental Psychology, School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University Beijing, China.

ABSTRACT
The present set of studies aimed to explore the effect of self-esteem on corrupt intention and the mediating role of materialism in generating this effect. In Study 1, we used questionnaires to investigate the correlation among self-esteem, materialism, and corrupt intention. In Study 2, we manipulated self-esteem to explore the causal effect of self-esteem on materialism and corrupt intention. In Study 3, we manipulated materialism to examine whether inducing materialism can reduce the relationship between self-esteem and corrupt intention. The three studies converged to show that increased self-esteem caused a low level of materialism, which in turn decreased corrupt intention. The theoretical and practical implications of the results are discussed.

No MeSH data available.