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Mortality from Circulatory System Diseases and Malformations inChildren in the State of Rio de Janeiro

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Background: The epidemiological profile of mortality in a population is important for theinstitution of measures to improve health care and reduce mortality

Objective: To estimate mortality rates and the proportional mortality fromcardiovascular diseases and malformations of the circulatory system inchildren and adolescents.

Methods: This is a descriptive study of mortality from cardiovascular diseases,malformations of the circulatory system, from all causes, ill-defined causesand external causes in children and adolescents in the state of Rio deJaneiro from 1996 to 2012. Populations were obtained from the BrazilianInstitute of Geography and Statistics (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia eEstatística - IBGE) and deaths obtained from the Department ofInformatics of the Unified Health System (DATASUS)/Ministry of Health.

Results: There were 115,728 deaths from all causes, 69,757 in males. The annualmortality from cardiovascular diseases was 2.7/100,000 in men and2.6/100,000 in women. The annual mortality from malformations of thecirculatory system was 7.5/100,000 in men and 6.6/100,000 in women. Amongthe specific causes of circulatory diseases, cardiomyopathies had thehighest rates of annual proportional mortality, and from malformations ofthe circulatory system, it occurred due to unspecified malformations of thecirculatory system, at all ages and in both genders.

Conclusion: Mortality from malformations of the circulatory system was most striking inthe first years of life, while cardiovascular diseases were more relevant inadolescents. Low access to prenatal diagnosis or at birth probably preventedthe proper treatment of malformations of the circulatory system.

No MeSH data available.


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Annual proportional mortality from specific causes of the circulatorysystem in children and adolescents, by gender and age group in the stateof Rio de Janeiro, from 1996 to 2012. CSD: circulatory system diseases;CBVD: cerebrovascular disease.
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f1: Annual proportional mortality from specific causes of the circulatorysystem in children and adolescents, by gender and age group in the stateof Rio de Janeiro, from 1996 to 2012. CSD: circulatory system diseases;CBVD: cerebrovascular disease.

Mentions: Among the specific causes of cardiovascular diseases, cardiomyopathies showed thehighest rates of annual proportional mortality in both genders (Figure 1). Cardiomyopathies were predominant mainly in the agegroup 1 to 4 years (25.4% in boys and 31% for girls). Cardiomyopathies were followedby hemorrhagic cerebrovascular disease, with predominance in the age range 5 to 11years for males and 12 to 17 years in females. Heart disease complications were inthe third place, with a higher percentage in children younger than 1 year and aged 1to 4 years, with a slight predominance of females. Pulmonary heart and pulmonarycirculation diseases came after that, in both genders, in children younger than 1year, followed by rheumatic fever at the age range of 12 to 17 and 5 to 11 years(Figure 1).


Mortality from Circulatory System Diseases and Malformations inChildren in the State of Rio de Janeiro
Annual proportional mortality from specific causes of the circulatorysystem in children and adolescents, by gender and age group in the stateof Rio de Janeiro, from 1996 to 2012. CSD: circulatory system diseases;CBVD: cerebrovascular disease.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4940145&req=5

f1: Annual proportional mortality from specific causes of the circulatorysystem in children and adolescents, by gender and age group in the stateof Rio de Janeiro, from 1996 to 2012. CSD: circulatory system diseases;CBVD: cerebrovascular disease.
Mentions: Among the specific causes of cardiovascular diseases, cardiomyopathies showed thehighest rates of annual proportional mortality in both genders (Figure 1). Cardiomyopathies were predominant mainly in the agegroup 1 to 4 years (25.4% in boys and 31% for girls). Cardiomyopathies were followedby hemorrhagic cerebrovascular disease, with predominance in the age range 5 to 11years for males and 12 to 17 years in females. Heart disease complications were inthe third place, with a higher percentage in children younger than 1 year and aged 1to 4 years, with a slight predominance of females. Pulmonary heart and pulmonarycirculation diseases came after that, in both genders, in children younger than 1year, followed by rheumatic fever at the age range of 12 to 17 and 5 to 11 years(Figure 1).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Background: The epidemiological profile of mortality in a population is important for theinstitution of measures to improve health care and reduce mortality

Objective: To estimate mortality rates and the proportional mortality fromcardiovascular diseases and malformations of the circulatory system inchildren and adolescents.

Methods: This is a descriptive study of mortality from cardiovascular diseases,malformations of the circulatory system, from all causes, ill-defined causesand external causes in children and adolescents in the state of Rio deJaneiro from 1996 to 2012. Populations were obtained from the BrazilianInstitute of Geography and Statistics (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia eEstatística - IBGE) and deaths obtained from the Department ofInformatics of the Unified Health System (DATASUS)/Ministry of Health.

Results: There were 115,728 deaths from all causes, 69,757 in males. The annualmortality from cardiovascular diseases was 2.7/100,000 in men and2.6/100,000 in women. The annual mortality from malformations of thecirculatory system was 7.5/100,000 in men and 6.6/100,000 in women. Amongthe specific causes of circulatory diseases, cardiomyopathies had thehighest rates of annual proportional mortality, and from malformations ofthe circulatory system, it occurred due to unspecified malformations of thecirculatory system, at all ages and in both genders.

Conclusion: Mortality from malformations of the circulatory system was most striking inthe first years of life, while cardiovascular diseases were more relevant inadolescents. Low access to prenatal diagnosis or at birth probably preventedthe proper treatment of malformations of the circulatory system.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus