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Small Incision Lenticule Extraction (SMILE) versus Femtosecond Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) for Myopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Shen Z, Shi K, Yu Y, Yu X, Lin Y, Yao K - PLoS ONE (2016)

Bottom Line: Pooled results revealed no significant differences between the two groups with regard to a loss of one or more lines in the BSCVA (OR 1.71; 95% CI: 0.81, 3.63; P = 0.16), UCVA of 20/20 or better (OR 0.71; 95% CI: 0.44, 1.15; P = 0.16), logMAR UCVA (MD 0.00; 95% CI: -0.03, 0.04; P = 0.87), postoperative refractive SE (MD -0.00; 95% CI: -0.05, 0.05; P = 0.97) or postoperative refraction within ±1.0 D of the target refraction (OR 0.78; 95% CI: 0.22, 2.77; P = 0.70) within six months postoperatively.In conclusion, both FS-LASIK and SMILE are safe, effective and predictable surgical options for treating myopia.However, dry eye symptoms and loss of corneal sensitivity may occur less frequently after SMILE than after FS-LASIK.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Eye Center, Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The goal of this study was to compare small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) with femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) for treating myopia.

Methods: The CENTRAL, EMBASE, PubMed databases and a Chinese database (SinoMed) were searched in May of 2016. Twelve studies with 1,076 eyes, which included three randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and nine cohorts, met our inclusion criteria. The overall quality of evidence was evaluated using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) working group framework. Data were extracted and analysed at three to six months postoperatively. Primary outcome measures included a loss of one or more lines of best spectacle corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) of 20/20 or better, mean logMAR UCVA, postoperative mean spherical equivalent (SE) and postoperative refraction within ±1.0 D of the target refraction. Secondary outcome measures included ocular surface disease index (OSDI), tear breakup time (TBUT) and Schirmer's 1 test (S1T) as dry eye parameters, along with corneal sensitivity.

Results: The overall quality of evidence was considered to be low to very low. Pooled results revealed no significant differences between the two groups with regard to a loss of one or more lines in the BSCVA (OR 1.71; 95% CI: 0.81, 3.63; P = 0.16), UCVA of 20/20 or better (OR 0.71; 95% CI: 0.44, 1.15; P = 0.16), logMAR UCVA (MD 0.00; 95% CI: -0.03, 0.04; P = 0.87), postoperative refractive SE (MD -0.00; 95% CI: -0.05, 0.05; P = 0.97) or postoperative refraction within ±1.0 D of the target refraction (OR 0.78; 95% CI: 0.22, 2.77; P = 0.70) within six months postoperatively. The pooled analysis also indicated that the FS-LASIK group suffered more severely from dry eye symptoms (OSDI; MD -6.68; 95% CI: -11.76, -2.00; P = 0.006) and lower corneal sensitivity (MD 12.40; 95% CI: 10.23, 14.56; P < 0.00001) at six months postoperatively.

Conclusions: In conclusion, both FS-LASIK and SMILE are safe, effective and predictable surgical options for treating myopia. However, dry eye symptoms and loss of corneal sensitivity may occur less frequently after SMILE than after FS-LASIK.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Forest plot showing the odds ratio (OR) of proportion of eyes within ±1.0 D of target refraction comparing small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) with femtosecond laser-assisted LASIK (FS-LASIK) within six months postoperatively.The diamonds represent the summary estimates of all three studies or the subgroup analysis of one RCT and two cohorts.
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pone.0158176.g006: Forest plot showing the odds ratio (OR) of proportion of eyes within ±1.0 D of target refraction comparing small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) with femtosecond laser-assisted LASIK (FS-LASIK) within six months postoperatively.The diamonds represent the summary estimates of all three studies or the subgroup analysis of one RCT and two cohorts.

Mentions: Data were collected from four studies[14,21–23], and the forest plot for this outcome showed no significant difference between the two surgical procedures (OR 0.78; 95% CI: 0.22, 2.77; P = 0.70; Fig 6). All eyes achieved the postoperative refraction within ±1.0 D of the target refraction in Liu et al.’s study[22].


Small Incision Lenticule Extraction (SMILE) versus Femtosecond Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) for Myopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Shen Z, Shi K, Yu Y, Yu X, Lin Y, Yao K - PLoS ONE (2016)

Forest plot showing the odds ratio (OR) of proportion of eyes within ±1.0 D of target refraction comparing small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) with femtosecond laser-assisted LASIK (FS-LASIK) within six months postoperatively.The diamonds represent the summary estimates of all three studies or the subgroup analysis of one RCT and two cohorts.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4930219&req=5

pone.0158176.g006: Forest plot showing the odds ratio (OR) of proportion of eyes within ±1.0 D of target refraction comparing small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) with femtosecond laser-assisted LASIK (FS-LASIK) within six months postoperatively.The diamonds represent the summary estimates of all three studies or the subgroup analysis of one RCT and two cohorts.
Mentions: Data were collected from four studies[14,21–23], and the forest plot for this outcome showed no significant difference between the two surgical procedures (OR 0.78; 95% CI: 0.22, 2.77; P = 0.70; Fig 6). All eyes achieved the postoperative refraction within ±1.0 D of the target refraction in Liu et al.’s study[22].

Bottom Line: Pooled results revealed no significant differences between the two groups with regard to a loss of one or more lines in the BSCVA (OR 1.71; 95% CI: 0.81, 3.63; P = 0.16), UCVA of 20/20 or better (OR 0.71; 95% CI: 0.44, 1.15; P = 0.16), logMAR UCVA (MD 0.00; 95% CI: -0.03, 0.04; P = 0.87), postoperative refractive SE (MD -0.00; 95% CI: -0.05, 0.05; P = 0.97) or postoperative refraction within ±1.0 D of the target refraction (OR 0.78; 95% CI: 0.22, 2.77; P = 0.70) within six months postoperatively.In conclusion, both FS-LASIK and SMILE are safe, effective and predictable surgical options for treating myopia.However, dry eye symptoms and loss of corneal sensitivity may occur less frequently after SMILE than after FS-LASIK.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Eye Center, Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The goal of this study was to compare small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) with femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) for treating myopia.

Methods: The CENTRAL, EMBASE, PubMed databases and a Chinese database (SinoMed) were searched in May of 2016. Twelve studies with 1,076 eyes, which included three randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and nine cohorts, met our inclusion criteria. The overall quality of evidence was evaluated using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) working group framework. Data were extracted and analysed at three to six months postoperatively. Primary outcome measures included a loss of one or more lines of best spectacle corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) of 20/20 or better, mean logMAR UCVA, postoperative mean spherical equivalent (SE) and postoperative refraction within ±1.0 D of the target refraction. Secondary outcome measures included ocular surface disease index (OSDI), tear breakup time (TBUT) and Schirmer's 1 test (S1T) as dry eye parameters, along with corneal sensitivity.

Results: The overall quality of evidence was considered to be low to very low. Pooled results revealed no significant differences between the two groups with regard to a loss of one or more lines in the BSCVA (OR 1.71; 95% CI: 0.81, 3.63; P = 0.16), UCVA of 20/20 or better (OR 0.71; 95% CI: 0.44, 1.15; P = 0.16), logMAR UCVA (MD 0.00; 95% CI: -0.03, 0.04; P = 0.87), postoperative refractive SE (MD -0.00; 95% CI: -0.05, 0.05; P = 0.97) or postoperative refraction within ±1.0 D of the target refraction (OR 0.78; 95% CI: 0.22, 2.77; P = 0.70) within six months postoperatively. The pooled analysis also indicated that the FS-LASIK group suffered more severely from dry eye symptoms (OSDI; MD -6.68; 95% CI: -11.76, -2.00; P = 0.006) and lower corneal sensitivity (MD 12.40; 95% CI: 10.23, 14.56; P < 0.00001) at six months postoperatively.

Conclusions: In conclusion, both FS-LASIK and SMILE are safe, effective and predictable surgical options for treating myopia. However, dry eye symptoms and loss of corneal sensitivity may occur less frequently after SMILE than after FS-LASIK.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus