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Wearing complete dental prostheses - Effects on perioral morphology.

Raschke GF, Eberl P, Thompson GA, Güntsch A, Peisker A, Schultze-Mosgau S, Gomez-Dammeier M, Djedovic G, Rieger UM, Beuer F - Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal (2016)

Bottom Line: Photographs of 31 edentulous patients were compared in relaxed lip closure and after insertion of a CRDP in stable occlusion. 2232 anthropometric distances were raised.The investigated anthropometric indices presented reproducible results related to an increase in occlusal vertical dimension.Their application may be helpful in assessment, planning, and explanation of morphologic effects of CRDPs on the perioral and overall facial morphology, which may helps to improve the aesthetic outcome.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Cranio-Maxillofacial & Plastic Surgery, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Universitätsklinikum Jena, D-07747 Jena, Germany, raschke.gregor@googlemail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: To adequately perform rehabilitation of edentulous patients by a complete removable dental prosthesis (CRDP) is from basic interest to dentists to understand the morphologic changes caused by re-establishment of a physiologic jaw relationship. Anthropometric analyses of standardized frontal view and profile photographs may help elucidate such changes.

Material and methods: Photographs of 31 edentulous patients were compared in relaxed lip closure and after insertion of a CRDP in stable occlusion. 2232 anthropometric distances were raised. Eighteen anthropometric indices reflecting the perioral morphology and its integration in the vertical facial harmony were investigated.

Results: The intercanthal - mouth width index (p>.001), medial - lateral cutaneous upper lip height index (p=.007), lower vermilion contour index (p=.022), vermilion - total upper lip height index (p=.018), cutaneous - total upper lip height index (p=.023), upper lip - nose height index (p=.001), nose - upper face height index (p=.002), chin - mandible height index (p=.013), upper lip - mandible height index (p=.045), nose - lower face height index (p=.018), and nose - face height index (p=.029) showed significant pre- to post-treatment changes.

Conclusions: The investigated anthropometric indices presented reproducible results related to an increase in occlusal vertical dimension. Their application may be helpful in assessment, planning, and explanation of morphologic effects of CRDPs on the perioral and overall facial morphology, which may helps to improve the aesthetic outcome.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Schematic profile-view image with description of the used anthropometric points.
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Figure 2: Schematic profile-view image with description of the used anthropometric points.

Mentions: In the profile photographs the following data were recorded (see also Fig. 2): (1) Vermilion total lower lip height index, the lower vermilion height, the vertical distance between stomion and labiale inferius (LVH, sto-li) as a percentage of the lower lip height (LLH, sto-sl) (2); Vermilion total upper lip height index represented by the upper vermilion height, the vertical distance between labiale superius and stomion (UVH, ls-sto), as a percentage of the upper lip height (ULH, sn-sto) (3); Cutaneous total lower lip height index represented by the cutaneous lower lip height, the vertical distance between the labiale inferius and the sublabiale (CLLH, li-sl), as a percentage of the lower lip height, the vertical distance between the stomion and the sublabiale (LLH, sto-sl) (4); Cutaneous total upper lip height index, the vertical distance between cutaneous upper lip height (CULH, sn-ls) as a percentage of the upper lip height, the vertical distance between subnasale and stomion (ULH, sn-sto) (5); Vermilion height index, represented by the upper vermilion height (UVH, ls-sto), as a percentage of the lower vermilion height (LVH, sto-li) (6); Upper lip- nose height index, the upper lip height (ULH, sn-sto), as a percentage of the nose height (NH, n-sn) (7); Nose- upper face height index, the nose height (NH, n-sn), as a percentage of the upper face height (UFH, n-sto) (8); Chin- mandible height index, the chin height (CH, sl-gn), as percentage of the mandible height (MH, sto-gn) (9); Upper face- face height index, the upper face height (UFH, n-sto), as a percentage of the face height (FH, n-gn) (10); Upper lip- mandible height index, representing the upper lip height (ULH, sn-sto), as a percentage of the mandible height (MH, sto-gn) (11); Nose- lower face height index, the nose height (NH, n-sn), as a percentage of the lower face height (LFH, sn-gn) and (12); Nose- face height index, the nose height (NH, n-sn), as a percentage of the face height (FH, n-gn).


Wearing complete dental prostheses - Effects on perioral morphology.

Raschke GF, Eberl P, Thompson GA, Güntsch A, Peisker A, Schultze-Mosgau S, Gomez-Dammeier M, Djedovic G, Rieger UM, Beuer F - Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal (2016)

Schematic profile-view image with description of the used anthropometric points.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4920453&req=5

Figure 2: Schematic profile-view image with description of the used anthropometric points.
Mentions: In the profile photographs the following data were recorded (see also Fig. 2): (1) Vermilion total lower lip height index, the lower vermilion height, the vertical distance between stomion and labiale inferius (LVH, sto-li) as a percentage of the lower lip height (LLH, sto-sl) (2); Vermilion total upper lip height index represented by the upper vermilion height, the vertical distance between labiale superius and stomion (UVH, ls-sto), as a percentage of the upper lip height (ULH, sn-sto) (3); Cutaneous total lower lip height index represented by the cutaneous lower lip height, the vertical distance between the labiale inferius and the sublabiale (CLLH, li-sl), as a percentage of the lower lip height, the vertical distance between the stomion and the sublabiale (LLH, sto-sl) (4); Cutaneous total upper lip height index, the vertical distance between cutaneous upper lip height (CULH, sn-ls) as a percentage of the upper lip height, the vertical distance between subnasale and stomion (ULH, sn-sto) (5); Vermilion height index, represented by the upper vermilion height (UVH, ls-sto), as a percentage of the lower vermilion height (LVH, sto-li) (6); Upper lip- nose height index, the upper lip height (ULH, sn-sto), as a percentage of the nose height (NH, n-sn) (7); Nose- upper face height index, the nose height (NH, n-sn), as a percentage of the upper face height (UFH, n-sto) (8); Chin- mandible height index, the chin height (CH, sl-gn), as percentage of the mandible height (MH, sto-gn) (9); Upper face- face height index, the upper face height (UFH, n-sto), as a percentage of the face height (FH, n-gn) (10); Upper lip- mandible height index, representing the upper lip height (ULH, sn-sto), as a percentage of the mandible height (MH, sto-gn) (11); Nose- lower face height index, the nose height (NH, n-sn), as a percentage of the lower face height (LFH, sn-gn) and (12); Nose- face height index, the nose height (NH, n-sn), as a percentage of the face height (FH, n-gn).

Bottom Line: Photographs of 31 edentulous patients were compared in relaxed lip closure and after insertion of a CRDP in stable occlusion. 2232 anthropometric distances were raised.The investigated anthropometric indices presented reproducible results related to an increase in occlusal vertical dimension.Their application may be helpful in assessment, planning, and explanation of morphologic effects of CRDPs on the perioral and overall facial morphology, which may helps to improve the aesthetic outcome.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Cranio-Maxillofacial & Plastic Surgery, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Universitätsklinikum Jena, D-07747 Jena, Germany, raschke.gregor@googlemail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: To adequately perform rehabilitation of edentulous patients by a complete removable dental prosthesis (CRDP) is from basic interest to dentists to understand the morphologic changes caused by re-establishment of a physiologic jaw relationship. Anthropometric analyses of standardized frontal view and profile photographs may help elucidate such changes.

Material and methods: Photographs of 31 edentulous patients were compared in relaxed lip closure and after insertion of a CRDP in stable occlusion. 2232 anthropometric distances were raised. Eighteen anthropometric indices reflecting the perioral morphology and its integration in the vertical facial harmony were investigated.

Results: The intercanthal - mouth width index (p>.001), medial - lateral cutaneous upper lip height index (p=.007), lower vermilion contour index (p=.022), vermilion - total upper lip height index (p=.018), cutaneous - total upper lip height index (p=.023), upper lip - nose height index (p=.001), nose - upper face height index (p=.002), chin - mandible height index (p=.013), upper lip - mandible height index (p=.045), nose - lower face height index (p=.018), and nose - face height index (p=.029) showed significant pre- to post-treatment changes.

Conclusions: The investigated anthropometric indices presented reproducible results related to an increase in occlusal vertical dimension. Their application may be helpful in assessment, planning, and explanation of morphologic effects of CRDPs on the perioral and overall facial morphology, which may helps to improve the aesthetic outcome.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus