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Factors Associated with Tick Bite Preventive Practices among Farmworkers in Malaysia.

Ghane Kisomi M, Wong LP, Tay ST, Bulgiba A, Zandi K, Kho KL, Koh FX, Ong BL, Jaafar T, Hassan Nizam QN - PLoS ONE (2016)

Bottom Line: Tick bite exposure rates did not differ significantly among field workers and administrative workers.The mean total knowledge score of ticks for the overall farmworkers was 13.6 (SD±3.2) from 20.Our findings emphasise the need to have education programmes for all farmworkers and targeting farms with low prevention practices.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

ABSTRACT

Background: Farmworkers are at high-risk for tick bites, which potentially transmit various tick-borne diseases. Previous studies show that personal prevention against tick bites is key, and certain factors namely, knowledge, experience of tick bites, and health beliefs influence compliance with tick bites preventive behaviour. This study aimed to assess these factors and their associations with tick bite preventive practices among Malaysian farmworkers.

Methods: A total of eight cattle, goat and sheep farms in six states in Peninsular Malaysia participated in a cross-sectional survey between August and October 2013.

Results: A total of 151 (72.2%) out of 209 farmworkers answered the questionnaire. More than half of the farmworkers (n = 91) reported an experience of tick bites. Farms with monthly acaricide treatment had significantly (P<0.05) a low report of tick bites. Tick bite exposure rates did not differ significantly among field workers and administrative workers. The mean total knowledge score of ticks for the overall farmworkers was 13.6 (SD±3.2) from 20. The mean total tick bite preventive practices score for all farmworkers was 8.3 (SD±3.1) from 15. Fixed effect model showed the effects of four factors on tick bite prevention: (1) farms, (2) job categories (administrative workers vs. field workers), (3) perceived severity of tick bites, and (4) perceived barriers to tick bite prevention.

Conclusions: A high proportion of farmworkers, including administrative workers, reported an experience of tick bites. The effectiveness of monthly acaricide treatment was declared by low reports of tick bites on these farms. Tick bite preventive practices were insufficient, particularly in certain farms and for administrative workers. Our findings emphasise the need to have education programmes for all farmworkers and targeting farms with low prevention practices. Education and health programmes should increase the perception of the risk of tick bites and remove perceived barriers of tick bite prevention.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The proportion of personal preventive practices (answer choices Sometimes/Often).
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pone.0157987.g002: The proportion of personal preventive practices (answer choices Sometimes/Often).

Mentions: Regarding the protection against tick bites in bushy, high grass areas or worksites (farm), the majority of the farmworkers stated that they “Sometimes/Often” wash or change clothes (86.1%), take a shower (84.8%), and check their body for ticks (62.9%). However, only one third (36.4%) of the farmworkers indicated that they wore protective clothes including long-sleeved, light-coloured shirts with long pants tucked into socks or boots. A minority (11.3%) stated that they used repellent on the skin or clothes (Fig 2). Cronbach’s alpha coefficients for personal prevention practice items was 0.69, indicating adequate internal consistency.


Factors Associated with Tick Bite Preventive Practices among Farmworkers in Malaysia.

Ghane Kisomi M, Wong LP, Tay ST, Bulgiba A, Zandi K, Kho KL, Koh FX, Ong BL, Jaafar T, Hassan Nizam QN - PLoS ONE (2016)

The proportion of personal preventive practices (answer choices Sometimes/Often).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4920353&req=5

pone.0157987.g002: The proportion of personal preventive practices (answer choices Sometimes/Often).
Mentions: Regarding the protection against tick bites in bushy, high grass areas or worksites (farm), the majority of the farmworkers stated that they “Sometimes/Often” wash or change clothes (86.1%), take a shower (84.8%), and check their body for ticks (62.9%). However, only one third (36.4%) of the farmworkers indicated that they wore protective clothes including long-sleeved, light-coloured shirts with long pants tucked into socks or boots. A minority (11.3%) stated that they used repellent on the skin or clothes (Fig 2). Cronbach’s alpha coefficients for personal prevention practice items was 0.69, indicating adequate internal consistency.

Bottom Line: Tick bite exposure rates did not differ significantly among field workers and administrative workers.The mean total knowledge score of ticks for the overall farmworkers was 13.6 (SD±3.2) from 20.Our findings emphasise the need to have education programmes for all farmworkers and targeting farms with low prevention practices.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

ABSTRACT

Background: Farmworkers are at high-risk for tick bites, which potentially transmit various tick-borne diseases. Previous studies show that personal prevention against tick bites is key, and certain factors namely, knowledge, experience of tick bites, and health beliefs influence compliance with tick bites preventive behaviour. This study aimed to assess these factors and their associations with tick bite preventive practices among Malaysian farmworkers.

Methods: A total of eight cattle, goat and sheep farms in six states in Peninsular Malaysia participated in a cross-sectional survey between August and October 2013.

Results: A total of 151 (72.2%) out of 209 farmworkers answered the questionnaire. More than half of the farmworkers (n = 91) reported an experience of tick bites. Farms with monthly acaricide treatment had significantly (P<0.05) a low report of tick bites. Tick bite exposure rates did not differ significantly among field workers and administrative workers. The mean total knowledge score of ticks for the overall farmworkers was 13.6 (SD±3.2) from 20. The mean total tick bite preventive practices score for all farmworkers was 8.3 (SD±3.1) from 15. Fixed effect model showed the effects of four factors on tick bite prevention: (1) farms, (2) job categories (administrative workers vs. field workers), (3) perceived severity of tick bites, and (4) perceived barriers to tick bite prevention.

Conclusions: A high proportion of farmworkers, including administrative workers, reported an experience of tick bites. The effectiveness of monthly acaricide treatment was declared by low reports of tick bites on these farms. Tick bite preventive practices were insufficient, particularly in certain farms and for administrative workers. Our findings emphasise the need to have education programmes for all farmworkers and targeting farms with low prevention practices. Education and health programmes should increase the perception of the risk of tick bites and remove perceived barriers of tick bite prevention.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus