Limits...
Improvement of Glycemic Control in Insulin-Dependent Diabetics with Depression by Concomitant Treatment with Antidepressants.

Radojkovic J, Sikanic N, Bukumiric Z, Tadic M, Kostic N, Babic R - Med. Sci. Monit. (2016)

Bottom Line: BDI-II scores improved significantly from 30.4±13.2 to 23.5±11.0 (p=0.02) during the interventional phase.Lipid profile and inflammatory status did not change significantly during the interventional phase.This therapy did not have any adverse effects on lipid profile or inflammatory status.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Clinical Endocrinology, Clinical Center "Dr Dragisa Misovic", Belgrade, Serbia.

ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND It is still disputable whether negative effects of comorbid depression in diabetics can be diminished by successful treatment of depression. The primary aim of this study was to assess whether addition of antidepressants to existing insulin treatment would further improve glycemic control in these patients. A secondary objective was to assess whether such treatment impairs their lipid and inflammatory status. MATERIAL AND METHODS Total of 192 patients with poorly controlled diabetes (defined as HbA1c ≥8%) in the absence of any uncontrolled medical condition entered the 6-month run-in phase with optimization of diabetic therapy. Depression status was screened at the end of this phase by BDI-II depression testing. Patients with BDI-II ≥14 and psychiatric confirmation of depression (58 patients) entered the 6-month interventional phase with SSRI class antidepressants. RESULTS Fifty patients completed the study. During the run-in phase, HbA1c dropped from 10.0±1.8% to 8.5±1.2% (p<0.001), and during the interventional phase it dropped from 8.5±1.2% to 7.7±0.7% (p<0.001). BDI-II scores improved significantly from 30.4±13.2 to 23.5±11.0 (p=0.02) during the interventional phase. A positive linear correlation between improvement in depression scale and improvement in glycemic control was observed (R²=0.139, p=0.008). Lipid profile and inflammatory status did not change significantly during the interventional phase. CONCLUSIONS Patients with poorly controlled diabetes and comorbid depression might benefit from screening and treatment of depression with SSRI antidepressants by achieving an incremental effect on glycoregulation. This therapy did not have any adverse effects on lipid profile or inflammatory status.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Study protocol flowchart. L1, L3, L5 – full laboratory testing including HbA1c, CRP, and lipid profile at the study milestones (L1 beginning of the study, L3 end of run-in stabilization, and L5 end of interventional phase). L2, L4 – laboratory testing points at the mid-phase visits, including blood glucose, urine, and basic biochemical screening. B1 and B2 – BDI-II questioning points at the end of each study phase.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4920101&req=5

f1-medscimonit-22-2133: Study protocol flowchart. L1, L3, L5 – full laboratory testing including HbA1c, CRP, and lipid profile at the study milestones (L1 beginning of the study, L3 end of run-in stabilization, and L5 end of interventional phase). L2, L4 – laboratory testing points at the mid-phase visits, including blood glucose, urine, and basic biochemical screening. B1 and B2 – BDI-II questioning points at the end of each study phase.

Mentions: Lipid profile was assessed by measuring total cholesterol and triglycerides levels. Measurements were also done by the Siemens Dimension® RxL Max® System. Lipid status evaluation was performed at the study entry and repeated at the end of both phases, as presented in Figure 1.


Improvement of Glycemic Control in Insulin-Dependent Diabetics with Depression by Concomitant Treatment with Antidepressants.

Radojkovic J, Sikanic N, Bukumiric Z, Tadic M, Kostic N, Babic R - Med. Sci. Monit. (2016)

Study protocol flowchart. L1, L3, L5 – full laboratory testing including HbA1c, CRP, and lipid profile at the study milestones (L1 beginning of the study, L3 end of run-in stabilization, and L5 end of interventional phase). L2, L4 – laboratory testing points at the mid-phase visits, including blood glucose, urine, and basic biochemical screening. B1 and B2 – BDI-II questioning points at the end of each study phase.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4920101&req=5

f1-medscimonit-22-2133: Study protocol flowchart. L1, L3, L5 – full laboratory testing including HbA1c, CRP, and lipid profile at the study milestones (L1 beginning of the study, L3 end of run-in stabilization, and L5 end of interventional phase). L2, L4 – laboratory testing points at the mid-phase visits, including blood glucose, urine, and basic biochemical screening. B1 and B2 – BDI-II questioning points at the end of each study phase.
Mentions: Lipid profile was assessed by measuring total cholesterol and triglycerides levels. Measurements were also done by the Siemens Dimension® RxL Max® System. Lipid status evaluation was performed at the study entry and repeated at the end of both phases, as presented in Figure 1.

Bottom Line: BDI-II scores improved significantly from 30.4±13.2 to 23.5±11.0 (p=0.02) during the interventional phase.Lipid profile and inflammatory status did not change significantly during the interventional phase.This therapy did not have any adverse effects on lipid profile or inflammatory status.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Clinical Endocrinology, Clinical Center "Dr Dragisa Misovic", Belgrade, Serbia.

ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND It is still disputable whether negative effects of comorbid depression in diabetics can be diminished by successful treatment of depression. The primary aim of this study was to assess whether addition of antidepressants to existing insulin treatment would further improve glycemic control in these patients. A secondary objective was to assess whether such treatment impairs their lipid and inflammatory status. MATERIAL AND METHODS Total of 192 patients with poorly controlled diabetes (defined as HbA1c ≥8%) in the absence of any uncontrolled medical condition entered the 6-month run-in phase with optimization of diabetic therapy. Depression status was screened at the end of this phase by BDI-II depression testing. Patients with BDI-II ≥14 and psychiatric confirmation of depression (58 patients) entered the 6-month interventional phase with SSRI class antidepressants. RESULTS Fifty patients completed the study. During the run-in phase, HbA1c dropped from 10.0±1.8% to 8.5±1.2% (p<0.001), and during the interventional phase it dropped from 8.5±1.2% to 7.7±0.7% (p<0.001). BDI-II scores improved significantly from 30.4±13.2 to 23.5±11.0 (p=0.02) during the interventional phase. A positive linear correlation between improvement in depression scale and improvement in glycemic control was observed (R²=0.139, p=0.008). Lipid profile and inflammatory status did not change significantly during the interventional phase. CONCLUSIONS Patients with poorly controlled diabetes and comorbid depression might benefit from screening and treatment of depression with SSRI antidepressants by achieving an incremental effect on glycoregulation. This therapy did not have any adverse effects on lipid profile or inflammatory status.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus