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The effect of music on the level of cortisol, blood glucose and physiological variables in patients undergoing spinal anesthesia.

Mottahedian Tabrizi E, Sahraei H, Movahhedi Rad S, Hajizadeh E, Lak M - EXCLI J (2012)

Bottom Line: Therefore, this study was carried out to define the effect of music on the level of cortisol, blood glucose and physiological variables in patients under spinal anesthesia.The level of blood cortisol didn't have any increase in the music group after operation compared to the time before that.Our data showed that listening to music during surgery under regional anesthesia has effects on cortisol levels and some of the physiological variables.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: MS in Nursing, School of Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

ABSTRACT
Surgical procedures performed using spinal anesthetic techniques present a special challenge to anesthesiologists, because patients are awake and are exposed to multiple anxiety provoking visual and auditory stimuli. Therefore, this study was carried out to define the effect of music on the level of cortisol, blood glucose and physiological variables in patients under spinal anesthesia. In this semi-experimental research, 90 men aging from 18-48 years with ASA (acetylsalicylic acid) class I, who underwent urological and abdominal surgery, were investigated. Patients were divided randomly into three groups of thirty subjects. Music group (headphone with music), Silence group (headphone without music) and the control group (without interference). The level of cortisol and blood sugar was measured half an hour before and after the operation. Moreover, the physiological indicators in each of these three groups were monitored and recorded from ten minutes before getting spinal anesthesia to ten minutes after the operation. The level of blood cortisol didn't have any increase in the music group after operation compared to the time before that. However, in the groups of silence and control this level had risen (p< 0.05). The level of blood glucose in music group had declined and in the other two groups it had increased. Our data showed that listening to music during surgery under regional anesthesia has effects on cortisol levels and some of the physiological variables. Therefore the researcher offers to be used music therapy as a complementary method in patients on the reduce anxiety.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The mean and standard deviation of the level of blood cortisol and blood sugar before and after interference (half an hour before and after the operation)
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T3: The mean and standard deviation of the level of blood cortisol and blood sugar before and after interference (half an hour before and after the operation)

Mentions: The mean age of the subjects was 23.83 ± 6.20 years. The least and the most aged were 18 and 45 years respectively. Considering the research society, the cases were homogenous in terms of marital status, employment, educational and economic conditions and the type of operation. and no significant difference was noticed (p > 0.05, Table 1(Tab. 1)). The comparison of the average level of cortisol and blood glucose among the three groups before and after interference by using one-way analysis of variance test revealed no significant difference (p > 0.05, Table 2(Tab. 2)). The comparison of the level of cortisol before and after operation in all groups was made by means of paired t-test. The result demonstrated that in music group the level of cortisol had no rise after operation compared to the time before that. Whereas in the group for whom the sounds were blocked and the control group, cortisol level had a significant increase after operation compared to the time before operation (Table 3(Tab. 3), Figure 1(Fig. 1)).


The effect of music on the level of cortisol, blood glucose and physiological variables in patients undergoing spinal anesthesia.

Mottahedian Tabrizi E, Sahraei H, Movahhedi Rad S, Hajizadeh E, Lak M - EXCLI J (2012)

The mean and standard deviation of the level of blood cortisol and blood sugar before and after interference (half an hour before and after the operation)
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4920039&req=5

T3: The mean and standard deviation of the level of blood cortisol and blood sugar before and after interference (half an hour before and after the operation)
Mentions: The mean age of the subjects was 23.83 ± 6.20 years. The least and the most aged were 18 and 45 years respectively. Considering the research society, the cases were homogenous in terms of marital status, employment, educational and economic conditions and the type of operation. and no significant difference was noticed (p > 0.05, Table 1(Tab. 1)). The comparison of the average level of cortisol and blood glucose among the three groups before and after interference by using one-way analysis of variance test revealed no significant difference (p > 0.05, Table 2(Tab. 2)). The comparison of the level of cortisol before and after operation in all groups was made by means of paired t-test. The result demonstrated that in music group the level of cortisol had no rise after operation compared to the time before that. Whereas in the group for whom the sounds were blocked and the control group, cortisol level had a significant increase after operation compared to the time before operation (Table 3(Tab. 3), Figure 1(Fig. 1)).

Bottom Line: Therefore, this study was carried out to define the effect of music on the level of cortisol, blood glucose and physiological variables in patients under spinal anesthesia.The level of blood cortisol didn't have any increase in the music group after operation compared to the time before that.Our data showed that listening to music during surgery under regional anesthesia has effects on cortisol levels and some of the physiological variables.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: MS in Nursing, School of Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

ABSTRACT
Surgical procedures performed using spinal anesthetic techniques present a special challenge to anesthesiologists, because patients are awake and are exposed to multiple anxiety provoking visual and auditory stimuli. Therefore, this study was carried out to define the effect of music on the level of cortisol, blood glucose and physiological variables in patients under spinal anesthesia. In this semi-experimental research, 90 men aging from 18-48 years with ASA (acetylsalicylic acid) class I, who underwent urological and abdominal surgery, were investigated. Patients were divided randomly into three groups of thirty subjects. Music group (headphone with music), Silence group (headphone without music) and the control group (without interference). The level of cortisol and blood sugar was measured half an hour before and after the operation. Moreover, the physiological indicators in each of these three groups were monitored and recorded from ten minutes before getting spinal anesthesia to ten minutes after the operation. The level of blood cortisol didn't have any increase in the music group after operation compared to the time before that. However, in the groups of silence and control this level had risen (p< 0.05). The level of blood glucose in music group had declined and in the other two groups it had increased. Our data showed that listening to music during surgery under regional anesthesia has effects on cortisol levels and some of the physiological variables. Therefore the researcher offers to be used music therapy as a complementary method in patients on the reduce anxiety.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus