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The effect of music on the level of cortisol, blood glucose and physiological variables in patients undergoing spinal anesthesia.

Mottahedian Tabrizi E, Sahraei H, Movahhedi Rad S, Hajizadeh E, Lak M - EXCLI J (2012)

Bottom Line: Therefore, this study was carried out to define the effect of music on the level of cortisol, blood glucose and physiological variables in patients under spinal anesthesia.The level of blood cortisol didn't have any increase in the music group after operation compared to the time before that.Our data showed that listening to music during surgery under regional anesthesia has effects on cortisol levels and some of the physiological variables.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: MS in Nursing, School of Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

ABSTRACT
Surgical procedures performed using spinal anesthetic techniques present a special challenge to anesthesiologists, because patients are awake and are exposed to multiple anxiety provoking visual and auditory stimuli. Therefore, this study was carried out to define the effect of music on the level of cortisol, blood glucose and physiological variables in patients under spinal anesthesia. In this semi-experimental research, 90 men aging from 18-48 years with ASA (acetylsalicylic acid) class I, who underwent urological and abdominal surgery, were investigated. Patients were divided randomly into three groups of thirty subjects. Music group (headphone with music), Silence group (headphone without music) and the control group (without interference). The level of cortisol and blood sugar was measured half an hour before and after the operation. Moreover, the physiological indicators in each of these three groups were monitored and recorded from ten minutes before getting spinal anesthesia to ten minutes after the operation. The level of blood cortisol didn't have any increase in the music group after operation compared to the time before that. However, in the groups of silence and control this level had risen (p< 0.05). The level of blood glucose in music group had declined and in the other two groups it had increased. Our data showed that listening to music during surgery under regional anesthesia has effects on cortisol levels and some of the physiological variables. Therefore the researcher offers to be used music therapy as a complementary method in patients on the reduce anxiety.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The comparison of the average blood sugar before and after interference using paired t-test
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Figure 2: The comparison of the average blood sugar before and after interference using paired t-test

Mentions: The comparison of the level of blood glucose before and after operation in all groups by making use of paired t-test depicted that in music group blood glucose had decreased after operation compared to the former time. Nevertheless this decrease was not significant. Whereas in sound block and control groups, blood glucose had risen after operation compared to the time before. This rise was not significant either (Table 3(Tab. 3), Figure 2(Fig. 2)).


The effect of music on the level of cortisol, blood glucose and physiological variables in patients undergoing spinal anesthesia.

Mottahedian Tabrizi E, Sahraei H, Movahhedi Rad S, Hajizadeh E, Lak M - EXCLI J (2012)

The comparison of the average blood sugar before and after interference using paired t-test
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4920039&req=5

Figure 2: The comparison of the average blood sugar before and after interference using paired t-test
Mentions: The comparison of the level of blood glucose before and after operation in all groups by making use of paired t-test depicted that in music group blood glucose had decreased after operation compared to the former time. Nevertheless this decrease was not significant. Whereas in sound block and control groups, blood glucose had risen after operation compared to the time before. This rise was not significant either (Table 3(Tab. 3), Figure 2(Fig. 2)).

Bottom Line: Therefore, this study was carried out to define the effect of music on the level of cortisol, blood glucose and physiological variables in patients under spinal anesthesia.The level of blood cortisol didn't have any increase in the music group after operation compared to the time before that.Our data showed that listening to music during surgery under regional anesthesia has effects on cortisol levels and some of the physiological variables.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: MS in Nursing, School of Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

ABSTRACT
Surgical procedures performed using spinal anesthetic techniques present a special challenge to anesthesiologists, because patients are awake and are exposed to multiple anxiety provoking visual and auditory stimuli. Therefore, this study was carried out to define the effect of music on the level of cortisol, blood glucose and physiological variables in patients under spinal anesthesia. In this semi-experimental research, 90 men aging from 18-48 years with ASA (acetylsalicylic acid) class I, who underwent urological and abdominal surgery, were investigated. Patients were divided randomly into three groups of thirty subjects. Music group (headphone with music), Silence group (headphone without music) and the control group (without interference). The level of cortisol and blood sugar was measured half an hour before and after the operation. Moreover, the physiological indicators in each of these three groups were monitored and recorded from ten minutes before getting spinal anesthesia to ten minutes after the operation. The level of blood cortisol didn't have any increase in the music group after operation compared to the time before that. However, in the groups of silence and control this level had risen (p< 0.05). The level of blood glucose in music group had declined and in the other two groups it had increased. Our data showed that listening to music during surgery under regional anesthesia has effects on cortisol levels and some of the physiological variables. Therefore the researcher offers to be used music therapy as a complementary method in patients on the reduce anxiety.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus