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[Blood count results from hypertensive patients seen in laboratory of CHU-HJRB Antananarivo in 2013].

Rakotovao-Ravahatra ZD, Randriatsarafara FM, Razafimanantsoa F, Rabetokotany FR, Rakotovao AL - Pan Afr Med J (2016)

Bottom Line: Among the multiple abnormalities, anaemia associated with leukocytosis is the most observed (29.6%).The seizures (100%), the edema of the lower limbs (100%) and diabetes (70%) are the signs and pathology most encountered.Thus, hypertensive patients will have a good follow-up and their life expectancy will be improved.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Unité Laboratoire du CHU-HJRB d'Antananarivo, Madagascar.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The blood count is a routine laboratory test prescribed to patients suffering from high blood pressure. This study aims to describe the results of blood count from hypertensive patients and to identify conditions associated.

Methods: This retrospective and descriptive study concerns the period from the 1st of December 2012 to 31 th of December 2013 in the laboratory of University Hospital Center CHU-HJRB of Antananarivo. All records of results from hypertensive patients who requested blood count have been exploited.

Results: Among 151 hypertensive patients, 91 (60.3%) had pathological blood counts. Of these, 64 (70.4%) showed one type of abnormality and 27 (29.6%) had multiple abnormalities. The anaemia (33.91%), the leukocytosis (33.04%), the polycythemia (10.43%) and the leukopenia (9.57%) are the most frequent. Among the multiple abnormalities, anaemia associated with leukocytosis is the most observed (29.6%). The microcytosis anaemia (41%) and the neutrophil polymorphonuclear leukocytosis are the most dominant (47.4%). Patients in nephrology (90%) and in endocrinology (81.3%) are the most concerned (p = 0,008). Hypertensive under 20 years old (100%) and women (61.5%) are the most affected (p > 0, 05). The seizures (100%), the edema of the lower limbs (100%) and diabetes (70%) are the signs and pathology most encountered.

Conclusion: The blood count should be prescribed for all hypertensive patients to identify the affections that will be treated simultaneously with the high blood pressure. Thus, hypertensive patients will have a good follow-up and their life expectancy will be improved.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Résultats des hémogrammes pathologiques
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Figure 0002: Résultats des hémogrammes pathologiques

Mentions: Les anémies (33,91%) et les hyperleucocytoses (33,04%) sont les 2 grandes anomalies les plus rencontrées dans les hémogrammes pathologiques que les anomalies soient uniques ou multiples suivies des polyglobulies (10,43%) et des leucopénies (9,57%) (Figure 2). Parmi les 27 cas d'anomalies multiples, les anémies associées aux hyperleucocytoses sont les plus nombreuses (29,6%) (Tableau 1). Pour les anémies, celles qui sont microcytaires sont les plus dominantes (41%) suivies des anémies normocytaires (35,9%) et macrocytaires (23,1%). Pour les hyperleucocytoses, celles qui sont à polynucléaires neutrophiles sont les plus nombreuses (47,4%) suivies des éosinophilies (18,4%), des lymphocytoses (7,9%). Il a été noté que les hyperleucocytoses associant les 3 lignées en même temps représentent 26,3% des cas.


[Blood count results from hypertensive patients seen in laboratory of CHU-HJRB Antananarivo in 2013].

Rakotovao-Ravahatra ZD, Randriatsarafara FM, Razafimanantsoa F, Rabetokotany FR, Rakotovao AL - Pan Afr Med J (2016)

Résultats des hémogrammes pathologiques
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4862782&req=5

Figure 0002: Résultats des hémogrammes pathologiques
Mentions: Les anémies (33,91%) et les hyperleucocytoses (33,04%) sont les 2 grandes anomalies les plus rencontrées dans les hémogrammes pathologiques que les anomalies soient uniques ou multiples suivies des polyglobulies (10,43%) et des leucopénies (9,57%) (Figure 2). Parmi les 27 cas d'anomalies multiples, les anémies associées aux hyperleucocytoses sont les plus nombreuses (29,6%) (Tableau 1). Pour les anémies, celles qui sont microcytaires sont les plus dominantes (41%) suivies des anémies normocytaires (35,9%) et macrocytaires (23,1%). Pour les hyperleucocytoses, celles qui sont à polynucléaires neutrophiles sont les plus nombreuses (47,4%) suivies des éosinophilies (18,4%), des lymphocytoses (7,9%). Il a été noté que les hyperleucocytoses associant les 3 lignées en même temps représentent 26,3% des cas.

Bottom Line: Among the multiple abnormalities, anaemia associated with leukocytosis is the most observed (29.6%).The seizures (100%), the edema of the lower limbs (100%) and diabetes (70%) are the signs and pathology most encountered.Thus, hypertensive patients will have a good follow-up and their life expectancy will be improved.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Unité Laboratoire du CHU-HJRB d'Antananarivo, Madagascar.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The blood count is a routine laboratory test prescribed to patients suffering from high blood pressure. This study aims to describe the results of blood count from hypertensive patients and to identify conditions associated.

Methods: This retrospective and descriptive study concerns the period from the 1st of December 2012 to 31 th of December 2013 in the laboratory of University Hospital Center CHU-HJRB of Antananarivo. All records of results from hypertensive patients who requested blood count have been exploited.

Results: Among 151 hypertensive patients, 91 (60.3%) had pathological blood counts. Of these, 64 (70.4%) showed one type of abnormality and 27 (29.6%) had multiple abnormalities. The anaemia (33.91%), the leukocytosis (33.04%), the polycythemia (10.43%) and the leukopenia (9.57%) are the most frequent. Among the multiple abnormalities, anaemia associated with leukocytosis is the most observed (29.6%). The microcytosis anaemia (41%) and the neutrophil polymorphonuclear leukocytosis are the most dominant (47.4%). Patients in nephrology (90%) and in endocrinology (81.3%) are the most concerned (p = 0,008). Hypertensive under 20 years old (100%) and women (61.5%) are the most affected (p > 0, 05). The seizures (100%), the edema of the lower limbs (100%) and diabetes (70%) are the signs and pathology most encountered.

Conclusion: The blood count should be prescribed for all hypertensive patients to identify the affections that will be treated simultaneously with the high blood pressure. Thus, hypertensive patients will have a good follow-up and their life expectancy will be improved.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus