Limits...
A Moderate Dose of Alcohol Does Not Influence Experience of Social Ostracism in Hazardous Drinkers.

Buckingham J, Moss A, Gyure K, Ralph N, Hindocha C, Lawn W, Curran HV, Freeman TP - Front Psychol (2016)

Bottom Line: Alcohol administration did not influence the effects of simulated social ostracism, which was supported by a Bayesian analysis.In conclusion, a moderate dose of alcohol did not influence experience of simulated social ostracism in hazardous drinkers.Further research is needed to establish the effects of alcohol administration on social ostracism using different doses and populations of alcohol users.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biological and Experimental Psychology, Queen Mary University of LondonLondon, UK; Clinical Psychopharmacology Unit, University College LondonLondon, UK.

ABSTRACT
Anecdotal and correlational evidence suggests a relationship between social ostracism and alcohol dependence. Furthermore, a recent fMRI investigation found differences in the neural correlates associated with ostracism in people with alcohol dependence compared to healthy controls. We predicted that acutely administered alcohol would reduce the negative effects of social ostracism. Alcohol (0.4 g/kg) or matched placebo was administered to a sample of 32 hazardous drinkers over two sessions in a randomized, double-blind, cross-over design. In each session, participants were exposed to an ostracism event via the computerized ball passing game, "Cyberball." In order to quantify the effects of ostracism, the fundamental needs questionnaire was completed twice on each testing session; immediately after (i) social inclusion and (ii) social exclusion. Ostracism caused robust changes to scores on the fundamental needs questionnaire, in line with previous literature. Alcohol administration did not influence the effects of simulated social ostracism, which was supported by a Bayesian analysis. Exploratory analyses revealed a negative relationship between age and ostracism induced fundamental needs threat across both sessions. In conclusion, a moderate dose of alcohol did not influence experience of simulated social ostracism in hazardous drinkers. Further research is needed to establish the effects of alcohol administration on social ostracism using different doses and populations of alcohol users.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

An example of the screen viewed by participants during Cyberball.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4837322&req=5

Figure 1: An example of the screen viewed by participants during Cyberball.

Mentions: Participants were instructed that they would be taking part in a mental visualization experiment, and that “conceptualization of the game” was the purpose of the task. Participants were also told that in-game performance did not matter to the study. After entering their name, participants began a computerized ball passing game involving three other players (Figure 1). When the ball was received, the participant clicked on one of the three other player’s avatars to pass the ball on. In reality, the other players were computer controlled. Each of the three avatars had a nametag alongside it. In order to control for any possible effects of gender, the avatar names consisted of one male, one female, and one gender ambiguous name. Participants were exposed to a different set of names during each session of Cyberball, which were counterbalanced across testing sessions. Each session of Cyberball lasted approximately 3 min.


A Moderate Dose of Alcohol Does Not Influence Experience of Social Ostracism in Hazardous Drinkers.

Buckingham J, Moss A, Gyure K, Ralph N, Hindocha C, Lawn W, Curran HV, Freeman TP - Front Psychol (2016)

An example of the screen viewed by participants during Cyberball.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4837322&req=5

Figure 1: An example of the screen viewed by participants during Cyberball.
Mentions: Participants were instructed that they would be taking part in a mental visualization experiment, and that “conceptualization of the game” was the purpose of the task. Participants were also told that in-game performance did not matter to the study. After entering their name, participants began a computerized ball passing game involving three other players (Figure 1). When the ball was received, the participant clicked on one of the three other player’s avatars to pass the ball on. In reality, the other players were computer controlled. Each of the three avatars had a nametag alongside it. In order to control for any possible effects of gender, the avatar names consisted of one male, one female, and one gender ambiguous name. Participants were exposed to a different set of names during each session of Cyberball, which were counterbalanced across testing sessions. Each session of Cyberball lasted approximately 3 min.

Bottom Line: Alcohol administration did not influence the effects of simulated social ostracism, which was supported by a Bayesian analysis.In conclusion, a moderate dose of alcohol did not influence experience of simulated social ostracism in hazardous drinkers.Further research is needed to establish the effects of alcohol administration on social ostracism using different doses and populations of alcohol users.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biological and Experimental Psychology, Queen Mary University of LondonLondon, UK; Clinical Psychopharmacology Unit, University College LondonLondon, UK.

ABSTRACT
Anecdotal and correlational evidence suggests a relationship between social ostracism and alcohol dependence. Furthermore, a recent fMRI investigation found differences in the neural correlates associated with ostracism in people with alcohol dependence compared to healthy controls. We predicted that acutely administered alcohol would reduce the negative effects of social ostracism. Alcohol (0.4 g/kg) or matched placebo was administered to a sample of 32 hazardous drinkers over two sessions in a randomized, double-blind, cross-over design. In each session, participants were exposed to an ostracism event via the computerized ball passing game, "Cyberball." In order to quantify the effects of ostracism, the fundamental needs questionnaire was completed twice on each testing session; immediately after (i) social inclusion and (ii) social exclusion. Ostracism caused robust changes to scores on the fundamental needs questionnaire, in line with previous literature. Alcohol administration did not influence the effects of simulated social ostracism, which was supported by a Bayesian analysis. Exploratory analyses revealed a negative relationship between age and ostracism induced fundamental needs threat across both sessions. In conclusion, a moderate dose of alcohol did not influence experience of simulated social ostracism in hazardous drinkers. Further research is needed to establish the effects of alcohol administration on social ostracism using different doses and populations of alcohol users.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus