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Quantitative assessment of healthy and reconstructed cleft lip using ultrasonography.

Devadiga S, Desai AK, Joshi S, Gopalakrishnan K - Indian J Dent (2016 Jan-Mar)

Bottom Line: The thickness of the mucosa, submucosa, muscle and full thickness of the upper lip were measured with the transversal images using ultrasonography at midpoint of philtrum, right and left side philtral ridges and vermillion border, at 1, 3, 6 months interval.There was an increase in muscle thickness at the vermillion border (mean = 6.9 mm) and philtral ridge (5.9 mm).Equal muscle thickness were found between the normal and test group at 6 months follow-up in a relaxed position, which was statistically significant (P = 0.0404).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Oral Surgery, SDM College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study is conducted to investigate the feasibility of echographic imaging of tissue thickness of healthy and reconstructed cleft lip.

Design: Prospective study.

Materials and methods: The study was conducted in SDM Craniofacial Unit, Dharwad and was approved by Local Institutional Review Board. A total of 30 patients, age group ranging from 4 to 25 years, of which 15 postoperative unilateral cleft lip constituted the test group. The remaining 15 with no cleft deformities, no gross facial asymmetry, constituted the control group. The thickness of the mucosa, submucosa, muscle and full thickness of the upper lip were measured with the transversal images using ultrasonography at midpoint of philtrum, right and left side philtral ridges and vermillion border, at 1, 3, 6 months interval.

Results: There was an increase in muscle thickness at the vermillion border (mean = 6.9 mm) and philtral ridge (5.9 mm). Equal muscle thickness were found between the normal and test group at 6 months follow-up in a relaxed position, which was statistically significant (P = 0.0404).

Conclusion: Quantitative assessment of thickness and echo levels of various lip tissues are done with proper echographic calibration. Diagnostic potentials of this method for noninvasive evaluation of cleft lip reconstructions were achieved by this study.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Sites of imaging
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Figure 1: Sites of imaging

Mentions: The thickness of the various tissues of the upper lip was measured in the transversal images using ultrasonography at four positions: Midpoint of philtrum, right and left side philtral ridges and vermillion [Figure 1]. The layers measured were the mucosa, sub mucosa, muscle, and the full thickness of the lip at these various points.


Quantitative assessment of healthy and reconstructed cleft lip using ultrasonography.

Devadiga S, Desai AK, Joshi S, Gopalakrishnan K - Indian J Dent (2016 Jan-Mar)

Sites of imaging
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4836101&req=5

Figure 1: Sites of imaging
Mentions: The thickness of the various tissues of the upper lip was measured in the transversal images using ultrasonography at four positions: Midpoint of philtrum, right and left side philtral ridges and vermillion [Figure 1]. The layers measured were the mucosa, sub mucosa, muscle, and the full thickness of the lip at these various points.

Bottom Line: The thickness of the mucosa, submucosa, muscle and full thickness of the upper lip were measured with the transversal images using ultrasonography at midpoint of philtrum, right and left side philtral ridges and vermillion border, at 1, 3, 6 months interval.There was an increase in muscle thickness at the vermillion border (mean = 6.9 mm) and philtral ridge (5.9 mm).Equal muscle thickness were found between the normal and test group at 6 months follow-up in a relaxed position, which was statistically significant (P = 0.0404).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Oral Surgery, SDM College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study is conducted to investigate the feasibility of echographic imaging of tissue thickness of healthy and reconstructed cleft lip.

Design: Prospective study.

Materials and methods: The study was conducted in SDM Craniofacial Unit, Dharwad and was approved by Local Institutional Review Board. A total of 30 patients, age group ranging from 4 to 25 years, of which 15 postoperative unilateral cleft lip constituted the test group. The remaining 15 with no cleft deformities, no gross facial asymmetry, constituted the control group. The thickness of the mucosa, submucosa, muscle and full thickness of the upper lip were measured with the transversal images using ultrasonography at midpoint of philtrum, right and left side philtral ridges and vermillion border, at 1, 3, 6 months interval.

Results: There was an increase in muscle thickness at the vermillion border (mean = 6.9 mm) and philtral ridge (5.9 mm). Equal muscle thickness were found between the normal and test group at 6 months follow-up in a relaxed position, which was statistically significant (P = 0.0404).

Conclusion: Quantitative assessment of thickness and echo levels of various lip tissues are done with proper echographic calibration. Diagnostic potentials of this method for noninvasive evaluation of cleft lip reconstructions were achieved by this study.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus