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Use and toxicity of complementary and alternative medicines among patients visiting emergency department: Systematic review.

Jatau AI, Aung MM, Kamauzaman TH, Chedi BA, Sha'aban A, Rahman AF - J Intercult Ethnopharmacol (2016)

Bottom Line: Over 80% of the ED physicians did not ask the patients about the CAM therapy.Similarly, 80% of the ED patients were ready to disclose CAM therapy to the ED physician.The prevalence rate of CAM use among patients at ED is high and is growing with the current increasing popularity, and it has been a reason for some of the ED visits.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Gong Badak, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia.

ABSTRACT
Many studies have been conducted in health-care settings with regards to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among patients. However, information regarding CAM use among patients in the emergency department (ED) is scarce. The aim of this article was to conduct a systematic review of published studies with regards to CAM use among the ED patients. A literature search of published studies from inception to September 2015 was conducted using PubMed, Scopus, and manual search of the reference list. 18 studies that met the inclusion criteria were reviewed. The prevalence rate of CAM use among ED patients across the studies ranged of 1.4-68.1%. Herbal therapy was the sub-modality of CAM most commonly used and frequently implicated in CAM-related ED visits. Higher education, age, female gender, religious affiliation, and chronic diseases were the most frequent factors associated with CAM use among the ED patients. Over 80% of the ED physicians did not ask the patients about the CAM therapy. Similarly, 80% of the ED patients were ready to disclose CAM therapy to the ED physician. The prevalence rate of CAM use among patients at ED is high and is growing with the current increasing popularity, and it has been a reason for some of the ED visits. There is a need for the health-care professionals to receive training and always ask patients about CAM therapy to enable them provide appropriate medical care and prevent CAM-related adverse events.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

PRISMA flow of the study flow selection
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
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Figure 1: PRISMA flow of the study flow selection

Mentions: The online search of literature generated 543 articles. A total of 18 studies that met the inclusion criteria were reviewed. The PRISMA flow in Figure 1 demonstrated the study flow selection. The key findings from these studies are summarized in Table 1.


Use and toxicity of complementary and alternative medicines among patients visiting emergency department: Systematic review.

Jatau AI, Aung MM, Kamauzaman TH, Chedi BA, Sha'aban A, Rahman AF - J Intercult Ethnopharmacol (2016)

PRISMA flow of the study flow selection
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4835996&req=5

Figure 1: PRISMA flow of the study flow selection
Mentions: The online search of literature generated 543 articles. A total of 18 studies that met the inclusion criteria were reviewed. The PRISMA flow in Figure 1 demonstrated the study flow selection. The key findings from these studies are summarized in Table 1.

Bottom Line: Over 80% of the ED physicians did not ask the patients about the CAM therapy.Similarly, 80% of the ED patients were ready to disclose CAM therapy to the ED physician.The prevalence rate of CAM use among patients at ED is high and is growing with the current increasing popularity, and it has been a reason for some of the ED visits.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Gong Badak, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia.

ABSTRACT
Many studies have been conducted in health-care settings with regards to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among patients. However, information regarding CAM use among patients in the emergency department (ED) is scarce. The aim of this article was to conduct a systematic review of published studies with regards to CAM use among the ED patients. A literature search of published studies from inception to September 2015 was conducted using PubMed, Scopus, and manual search of the reference list. 18 studies that met the inclusion criteria were reviewed. The prevalence rate of CAM use among ED patients across the studies ranged of 1.4-68.1%. Herbal therapy was the sub-modality of CAM most commonly used and frequently implicated in CAM-related ED visits. Higher education, age, female gender, religious affiliation, and chronic diseases were the most frequent factors associated with CAM use among the ED patients. Over 80% of the ED physicians did not ask the patients about the CAM therapy. Similarly, 80% of the ED patients were ready to disclose CAM therapy to the ED physician. The prevalence rate of CAM use among patients at ED is high and is growing with the current increasing popularity, and it has been a reason for some of the ED visits. There is a need for the health-care professionals to receive training and always ask patients about CAM therapy to enable them provide appropriate medical care and prevent CAM-related adverse events.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus