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Changing trends in the incidence (1999-2011) and mortality (1983-2013) of cervical cancer in the Republic of Korea.

Park Y, Vongdala C, Kim J, Ki M - Epidemiol Health (2015)

Bottom Line: Yearly age-standardized rates (ASR) per 100,000 were compared using two standards: the 2005 Korean population and the world standard population, based on Segi's world standard for incidence and the World Health Organization for mortality.Moreover, incidence and mortality rates in females aged 30 years or under have recently increased.It is necessary to develop effective policy to reduce both incidence and mortality, particularly in younger age groups.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Cancer Control and Policy, Graduate School of Cancer Science and Policy, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea.

ABSTRACT
Cervical cancer is a well-known preventable cancer worldwide. Many countries including Korea have pursued the positive endpoint of a reduction in mortality from cervical cancer. Our aim is to examine changing trends in cervical cancer incidence and mortality after the implementation of a national preventive effort in Korea. Cervical cancer incidence data from 1999 to 2011 and mortality data from 1983 to 2013 were collected from the Korean Statistical Information Service. Yearly age-standardized rates (ASR) per 100,000 were compared using two standards: the 2005 Korean population and the world standard population, based on Segi's world standard for incidence and the World Health Organization for mortality. In Korea, the age-standardized incidence of cervical cancer per 100,000 persons declined from 17.2 in 2000 to 11.8 in 2011. However, the group aged 25 to 29 showed a higher rate in 2011 (ASR, 6.5) than in 2000 (ASR, 3.6). The age-standardized mortality rate per 100,000 persons dropped from 2.81 in 2000 to 1.95 in 2013. In the worldwide comparison, the incidence rates remained close to the average incidence estimate of more developed regions (ASR, 9.9). The decreasing mortality trend in Korea approached the lower rate observed in Australia (ASR, 1.4) in 2010. Although the incidence rate of cervical cancer is continuously declining in Korea, it is still high relative to other countries. Moreover, incidence and mortality rates in females aged 30 years or under have recently increased. It is necessary to develop effective policy to reduce both incidence and mortality, particularly in younger age groups.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Trends of mortality rates of cervical cancer, worldwide, 1990-2013. Source from Korean Statistical Information Service. Death causes by 5-year age group and gender, mortality rates 1983-2013; 2014 [13]; Ministry of Health. Cancer: historical summary 1948-2011; 2014 [21]; Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Australian cancer incidence and mortality (ACIM) book for cervical cancer; 2014 [22]; Japan National Cancer Center. Cancer mortality from vital statistic in Japan 1958-2013; 2014 [23]. 1Age-adjusted to World Health Organization world standard population.
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f5-epih-37-e2015024: Trends of mortality rates of cervical cancer, worldwide, 1990-2013. Source from Korean Statistical Information Service. Death causes by 5-year age group and gender, mortality rates 1983-2013; 2014 [13]; Ministry of Health. Cancer: historical summary 1948-2011; 2014 [21]; Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Australian cancer incidence and mortality (ACIM) book for cervical cancer; 2014 [22]; Japan National Cancer Center. Cancer mortality from vital statistic in Japan 1958-2013; 2014 [23]. 1Age-adjusted to World Health Organization world standard population.

Mentions: For the worldwide comparison, three countries including Korea showed a decreasing pattern over the years studied (Figure 5). For instance, the ASR in Australia of 3.1 per 100,000 in 1991 was similar to that of Korea in 2003 and of New Zealand in 2001 (ASR, W: 3.09 per 100,000 and 3.0 per 100,000, respectively); these different years reflect a trend in each country of decreasing mortality rates. Notably, although the mortality rates showed a gradual decline in Korea, the mortality rate in 2013 (ASR, W: 1.65 per 100,000) was still higher than that of Australia in 2010 (ASR, W: 1.4 per 100,000).


Changing trends in the incidence (1999-2011) and mortality (1983-2013) of cervical cancer in the Republic of Korea.

Park Y, Vongdala C, Kim J, Ki M - Epidemiol Health (2015)

Trends of mortality rates of cervical cancer, worldwide, 1990-2013. Source from Korean Statistical Information Service. Death causes by 5-year age group and gender, mortality rates 1983-2013; 2014 [13]; Ministry of Health. Cancer: historical summary 1948-2011; 2014 [21]; Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Australian cancer incidence and mortality (ACIM) book for cervical cancer; 2014 [22]; Japan National Cancer Center. Cancer mortality from vital statistic in Japan 1958-2013; 2014 [23]. 1Age-adjusted to World Health Organization world standard population.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4835755&req=5

f5-epih-37-e2015024: Trends of mortality rates of cervical cancer, worldwide, 1990-2013. Source from Korean Statistical Information Service. Death causes by 5-year age group and gender, mortality rates 1983-2013; 2014 [13]; Ministry of Health. Cancer: historical summary 1948-2011; 2014 [21]; Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Australian cancer incidence and mortality (ACIM) book for cervical cancer; 2014 [22]; Japan National Cancer Center. Cancer mortality from vital statistic in Japan 1958-2013; 2014 [23]. 1Age-adjusted to World Health Organization world standard population.
Mentions: For the worldwide comparison, three countries including Korea showed a decreasing pattern over the years studied (Figure 5). For instance, the ASR in Australia of 3.1 per 100,000 in 1991 was similar to that of Korea in 2003 and of New Zealand in 2001 (ASR, W: 3.09 per 100,000 and 3.0 per 100,000, respectively); these different years reflect a trend in each country of decreasing mortality rates. Notably, although the mortality rates showed a gradual decline in Korea, the mortality rate in 2013 (ASR, W: 1.65 per 100,000) was still higher than that of Australia in 2010 (ASR, W: 1.4 per 100,000).

Bottom Line: Yearly age-standardized rates (ASR) per 100,000 were compared using two standards: the 2005 Korean population and the world standard population, based on Segi's world standard for incidence and the World Health Organization for mortality.Moreover, incidence and mortality rates in females aged 30 years or under have recently increased.It is necessary to develop effective policy to reduce both incidence and mortality, particularly in younger age groups.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Cancer Control and Policy, Graduate School of Cancer Science and Policy, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea.

ABSTRACT
Cervical cancer is a well-known preventable cancer worldwide. Many countries including Korea have pursued the positive endpoint of a reduction in mortality from cervical cancer. Our aim is to examine changing trends in cervical cancer incidence and mortality after the implementation of a national preventive effort in Korea. Cervical cancer incidence data from 1999 to 2011 and mortality data from 1983 to 2013 were collected from the Korean Statistical Information Service. Yearly age-standardized rates (ASR) per 100,000 were compared using two standards: the 2005 Korean population and the world standard population, based on Segi's world standard for incidence and the World Health Organization for mortality. In Korea, the age-standardized incidence of cervical cancer per 100,000 persons declined from 17.2 in 2000 to 11.8 in 2011. However, the group aged 25 to 29 showed a higher rate in 2011 (ASR, 6.5) than in 2000 (ASR, 3.6). The age-standardized mortality rate per 100,000 persons dropped from 2.81 in 2000 to 1.95 in 2013. In the worldwide comparison, the incidence rates remained close to the average incidence estimate of more developed regions (ASR, 9.9). The decreasing mortality trend in Korea approached the lower rate observed in Australia (ASR, 1.4) in 2010. Although the incidence rate of cervical cancer is continuously declining in Korea, it is still high relative to other countries. Moreover, incidence and mortality rates in females aged 30 years or under have recently increased. It is necessary to develop effective policy to reduce both incidence and mortality, particularly in younger age groups.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus