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Changing trends in the incidence (1999-2011) and mortality (1983-2013) of cervical cancer in the Republic of Korea.

Park Y, Vongdala C, Kim J, Ki M - Epidemiol Health (2015)

Bottom Line: Yearly age-standardized rates (ASR) per 100,000 were compared using two standards: the 2005 Korean population and the world standard population, based on Segi's world standard for incidence and the World Health Organization for mortality.Moreover, incidence and mortality rates in females aged 30 years or under have recently increased.It is necessary to develop effective policy to reduce both incidence and mortality, particularly in younger age groups.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Cancer Control and Policy, Graduate School of Cancer Science and Policy, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea.

ABSTRACT
Cervical cancer is a well-known preventable cancer worldwide. Many countries including Korea have pursued the positive endpoint of a reduction in mortality from cervical cancer. Our aim is to examine changing trends in cervical cancer incidence and mortality after the implementation of a national preventive effort in Korea. Cervical cancer incidence data from 1999 to 2011 and mortality data from 1983 to 2013 were collected from the Korean Statistical Information Service. Yearly age-standardized rates (ASR) per 100,000 were compared using two standards: the 2005 Korean population and the world standard population, based on Segi's world standard for incidence and the World Health Organization for mortality. In Korea, the age-standardized incidence of cervical cancer per 100,000 persons declined from 17.2 in 2000 to 11.8 in 2011. However, the group aged 25 to 29 showed a higher rate in 2011 (ASR, 6.5) than in 2000 (ASR, 3.6). The age-standardized mortality rate per 100,000 persons dropped from 2.81 in 2000 to 1.95 in 2013. In the worldwide comparison, the incidence rates remained close to the average incidence estimate of more developed regions (ASR, 9.9). The decreasing mortality trend in Korea approached the lower rate observed in Australia (ASR, 1.4) in 2010. Although the incidence rate of cervical cancer is continuously declining in Korea, it is still high relative to other countries. Moreover, incidence and mortality rates in females aged 30 years or under have recently increased. It is necessary to develop effective policy to reduce both incidence and mortality, particularly in younger age groups.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Age-specific incidence rates per 100,000 populations of cervical cancer in Korea, 2000 and 2011. Source from Korean Statistical Information Service. Number of cancer patients, relative frequency, crude rate, age-adjusted incidence by cancer site and sex from 1999 to 2011; 2014 [25].
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f1-epih-37-e2015024: Age-specific incidence rates per 100,000 populations of cervical cancer in Korea, 2000 and 2011. Source from Korean Statistical Information Service. Number of cancer patients, relative frequency, crude rate, age-adjusted incidence by cancer site and sex from 1999 to 2011; 2014 [25].

Mentions: In Korea, the incidence rates of cervical cancer have significantly declined since 2001. Specifically, the incidence has declined from 4,443 cases in 1999 to 3,760 cases in 2011. Crude rates and ASRs per 100,000 decreased from 18.9 and 18.6, respectively, in 1999 to 15.0 and 11.8 in 2011 (Table 1). Compared to the year 2000, a lower incidence was shown in all age groups in 2011 except in those aged under 30. Individuals aged 25 to 29 showed a higher incidence of 6.5 in 2011 compared to 3.6 in 2000 (Figure 1) [25].


Changing trends in the incidence (1999-2011) and mortality (1983-2013) of cervical cancer in the Republic of Korea.

Park Y, Vongdala C, Kim J, Ki M - Epidemiol Health (2015)

Age-specific incidence rates per 100,000 populations of cervical cancer in Korea, 2000 and 2011. Source from Korean Statistical Information Service. Number of cancer patients, relative frequency, crude rate, age-adjusted incidence by cancer site and sex from 1999 to 2011; 2014 [25].
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4835755&req=5

f1-epih-37-e2015024: Age-specific incidence rates per 100,000 populations of cervical cancer in Korea, 2000 and 2011. Source from Korean Statistical Information Service. Number of cancer patients, relative frequency, crude rate, age-adjusted incidence by cancer site and sex from 1999 to 2011; 2014 [25].
Mentions: In Korea, the incidence rates of cervical cancer have significantly declined since 2001. Specifically, the incidence has declined from 4,443 cases in 1999 to 3,760 cases in 2011. Crude rates and ASRs per 100,000 decreased from 18.9 and 18.6, respectively, in 1999 to 15.0 and 11.8 in 2011 (Table 1). Compared to the year 2000, a lower incidence was shown in all age groups in 2011 except in those aged under 30. Individuals aged 25 to 29 showed a higher incidence of 6.5 in 2011 compared to 3.6 in 2000 (Figure 1) [25].

Bottom Line: Yearly age-standardized rates (ASR) per 100,000 were compared using two standards: the 2005 Korean population and the world standard population, based on Segi's world standard for incidence and the World Health Organization for mortality.Moreover, incidence and mortality rates in females aged 30 years or under have recently increased.It is necessary to develop effective policy to reduce both incidence and mortality, particularly in younger age groups.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Cancer Control and Policy, Graduate School of Cancer Science and Policy, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea.

ABSTRACT
Cervical cancer is a well-known preventable cancer worldwide. Many countries including Korea have pursued the positive endpoint of a reduction in mortality from cervical cancer. Our aim is to examine changing trends in cervical cancer incidence and mortality after the implementation of a national preventive effort in Korea. Cervical cancer incidence data from 1999 to 2011 and mortality data from 1983 to 2013 were collected from the Korean Statistical Information Service. Yearly age-standardized rates (ASR) per 100,000 were compared using two standards: the 2005 Korean population and the world standard population, based on Segi's world standard for incidence and the World Health Organization for mortality. In Korea, the age-standardized incidence of cervical cancer per 100,000 persons declined from 17.2 in 2000 to 11.8 in 2011. However, the group aged 25 to 29 showed a higher rate in 2011 (ASR, 6.5) than in 2000 (ASR, 3.6). The age-standardized mortality rate per 100,000 persons dropped from 2.81 in 2000 to 1.95 in 2013. In the worldwide comparison, the incidence rates remained close to the average incidence estimate of more developed regions (ASR, 9.9). The decreasing mortality trend in Korea approached the lower rate observed in Australia (ASR, 1.4) in 2010. Although the incidence rate of cervical cancer is continuously declining in Korea, it is still high relative to other countries. Moreover, incidence and mortality rates in females aged 30 years or under have recently increased. It is necessary to develop effective policy to reduce both incidence and mortality, particularly in younger age groups.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus