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Trends in health-related behaviors of Korean adults: study based on data from the 2008-2014 Community Health Surveys.

Kang YW, Ko YS, Kim KY, Sung C, Lee DH, Jeong E - Epidemiol Health (2015)

Bottom Line: From 2008 to 2014, the age-adjusted prevalence of obesity and high-risk alcohol use increased the prevalence of male current smoking and marginally decreased walking ability.Over 7 years, the percentage of adults who reported having all three healthy behaviors (i.e., currently not smoking, not consuming alcohol or having high-risk alcohol use, and engaging in walking) decreased from 35.2% in 2008 to 29.6% in 2014.Increased efforts to emphasize multiple health-related behavioral risk factors, including reducing alcohol use and smoking, and to encourage walking are needed in the thirties and forties age groups in Korea.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Chronic Disease Control, Center for Disease Prevention, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cheongju, Korea.

ABSTRACT
Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors such as smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical inactivity (multiple risks) often lead to serious health consequence and impaired health status. The purpose of this study was to investigate the trend in health-related behavioral factors over time among adults in South Korea (hereafter Korea). The data of 1,595,842 Koreans older than 19 years who participated in the 2008-2014 Korea Community Health Survey were analyzed to assess the trend in the prevalence of behavioral risk factors. Individual or clustering health-related behaviors were assessed according to sex, age, and region among 228,712 adults who participated in the 2014 survey. From 2008 to 2014, the age-adjusted prevalence of obesity and high-risk alcohol use increased the prevalence of male current smoking and marginally decreased walking ability. Over 7 years, the percentage of adults who reported having all three healthy behaviors (i.e., currently not smoking, not consuming alcohol or having high-risk alcohol use, and engaging in walking) decreased from 35.2% in 2008 to 29.6% in 2014. Increased efforts to emphasize multiple health-related behavioral risk factors, including reducing alcohol use and smoking, and to encourage walking are needed in the thirties and forties age groups in Korea.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Age-adjusted and sex-adjusted trends in the prevalence of health-related risk behaviors during the period 2008-2014 in Korea, according to the Community Health Survey. (A) Male current smoking rate, (B) high-risk drinking rate, (C) walking rate, and (D) obesity rate.
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f1-epih-37-e2015042: Age-adjusted and sex-adjusted trends in the prevalence of health-related risk behaviors during the period 2008-2014 in Korea, according to the Community Health Survey. (A) Male current smoking rate, (B) high-risk drinking rate, (C) walking rate, and (D) obesity rate.

Mentions: The median male current smoking rate in each city, county, and district in the 7-year period increased marginally from 49.2% in 2008 to 50.4% in 2009. However, it has been continuously decreasing since then, from 48.4% in 2010 to 47.1% in 2011, 46.4% in 2012, 45.8% in 2013, and 45.3% in 2014. The regional difference in male current smoking rate (maximum value − minimum value) declined from 30.8% in 2008 to 27.1% in 2012 but increased to 32.2% in 2014. The high-risk drinking rate decreased from 18.4% in 2008 to 14.9% in 2010 and then increased back to 18.7% in 2014. The regional difference in high-risk drinking rate fluctuated from 24.8% in 2008 to 21.9% in 2010, 19.3% in 2013, and then to 22.9% in 2014. In particular, walking rate, which represents physical activity, continuously decreased from 50.6% in 2008 to 49.4% in 2009, 43.0% in 2010, 41.7% in 2011, 40.8% in 2012, 38.2% in 2013, and 37.5% in 2014. The regional difference in walking rate decreased from 75.7% in 2008 to 52.7% in 2014. Obesity rate (selfrecorded) increased from 21.6% in 2008to 22.8% in 2009, 22.5% in 2010, 23.4% in 2011, 23.4% in 2012, 24.1% in 2013, and 25.3% in 2014. The regional difference in obesity rate decreased from 20.4% in 2008 to 16.5% in 2013 but increased to 17.3% in 2014 (Figure 1).


Trends in health-related behaviors of Korean adults: study based on data from the 2008-2014 Community Health Surveys.

Kang YW, Ko YS, Kim KY, Sung C, Lee DH, Jeong E - Epidemiol Health (2015)

Age-adjusted and sex-adjusted trends in the prevalence of health-related risk behaviors during the period 2008-2014 in Korea, according to the Community Health Survey. (A) Male current smoking rate, (B) high-risk drinking rate, (C) walking rate, and (D) obesity rate.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4835711&req=5

f1-epih-37-e2015042: Age-adjusted and sex-adjusted trends in the prevalence of health-related risk behaviors during the period 2008-2014 in Korea, according to the Community Health Survey. (A) Male current smoking rate, (B) high-risk drinking rate, (C) walking rate, and (D) obesity rate.
Mentions: The median male current smoking rate in each city, county, and district in the 7-year period increased marginally from 49.2% in 2008 to 50.4% in 2009. However, it has been continuously decreasing since then, from 48.4% in 2010 to 47.1% in 2011, 46.4% in 2012, 45.8% in 2013, and 45.3% in 2014. The regional difference in male current smoking rate (maximum value − minimum value) declined from 30.8% in 2008 to 27.1% in 2012 but increased to 32.2% in 2014. The high-risk drinking rate decreased from 18.4% in 2008 to 14.9% in 2010 and then increased back to 18.7% in 2014. The regional difference in high-risk drinking rate fluctuated from 24.8% in 2008 to 21.9% in 2010, 19.3% in 2013, and then to 22.9% in 2014. In particular, walking rate, which represents physical activity, continuously decreased from 50.6% in 2008 to 49.4% in 2009, 43.0% in 2010, 41.7% in 2011, 40.8% in 2012, 38.2% in 2013, and 37.5% in 2014. The regional difference in walking rate decreased from 75.7% in 2008 to 52.7% in 2014. Obesity rate (selfrecorded) increased from 21.6% in 2008to 22.8% in 2009, 22.5% in 2010, 23.4% in 2011, 23.4% in 2012, 24.1% in 2013, and 25.3% in 2014. The regional difference in obesity rate decreased from 20.4% in 2008 to 16.5% in 2013 but increased to 17.3% in 2014 (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: From 2008 to 2014, the age-adjusted prevalence of obesity and high-risk alcohol use increased the prevalence of male current smoking and marginally decreased walking ability.Over 7 years, the percentage of adults who reported having all three healthy behaviors (i.e., currently not smoking, not consuming alcohol or having high-risk alcohol use, and engaging in walking) decreased from 35.2% in 2008 to 29.6% in 2014.Increased efforts to emphasize multiple health-related behavioral risk factors, including reducing alcohol use and smoking, and to encourage walking are needed in the thirties and forties age groups in Korea.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Chronic Disease Control, Center for Disease Prevention, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cheongju, Korea.

ABSTRACT
Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors such as smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical inactivity (multiple risks) often lead to serious health consequence and impaired health status. The purpose of this study was to investigate the trend in health-related behavioral factors over time among adults in South Korea (hereafter Korea). The data of 1,595,842 Koreans older than 19 years who participated in the 2008-2014 Korea Community Health Survey were analyzed to assess the trend in the prevalence of behavioral risk factors. Individual or clustering health-related behaviors were assessed according to sex, age, and region among 228,712 adults who participated in the 2014 survey. From 2008 to 2014, the age-adjusted prevalence of obesity and high-risk alcohol use increased the prevalence of male current smoking and marginally decreased walking ability. Over 7 years, the percentage of adults who reported having all three healthy behaviors (i.e., currently not smoking, not consuming alcohol or having high-risk alcohol use, and engaging in walking) decreased from 35.2% in 2008 to 29.6% in 2014. Increased efforts to emphasize multiple health-related behavioral risk factors, including reducing alcohol use and smoking, and to encourage walking are needed in the thirties and forties age groups in Korea.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus