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Modeling Semantic Emotion Space Using a 3D Hypercube-Projection: An Innovative Analytical Approach for the Psychology of Emotions.

Trnka R, Lačev A, Balcar K, Kuška M, Tavel P - Front Psychol (2016)

Bottom Line: The results revealed that these four dimensional input measures were uncorrelated.Based on this data, we constructed a 3D hypercube-projection and compared it with various two-dimensional projections.The results of the present study point out the reductionist nature of the two-dimensional paradigm in the psychological theory of emotions and challenge the widely accepted circumplex model.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Science and Research Department, Prague College of Psychosocial Studies (PVSPS)Prague, Czech Republic; Faculty of Humanities, Charles University in PraguePrague, Czech Republic.

ABSTRACT
The widely accepted two-dimensional circumplex model of emotions posits that most instances of human emotional experience can be understood within the two general dimensions of valence and activation. Currently, this model is facing some criticism, because complex emotions in particular are hard to define within only these two general dimensions. The present theory-driven study introduces an innovative analytical approach working in a way other than the conventional, two-dimensional paradigm. The main goal was to map and project semantic emotion space in terms of mutual positions of various emotion prototypical categories. Participants (N = 187; 54.5% females) judged 16 discrete emotions in terms of valence, intensity, controllability and utility. The results revealed that these four dimensional input measures were uncorrelated. This implies that valence, intensity, controllability and utility represented clearly different qualities of discrete emotions in the judgments of the participants. Based on this data, we constructed a 3D hypercube-projection and compared it with various two-dimensional projections. This contrasting enabled us to detect several sources of bias when working with the traditional, two-dimensional analytical approach. Contrasting two-dimensional and three-dimensional projections revealed that the 2D models provided biased insights about how emotions are conceptually related to one another along multiple dimensions. The results of the present study point out the reductionist nature of the two-dimensional paradigm in the psychological theory of emotions and challenge the widely accepted circumplex model.

No MeSH data available.


Aggregated three-dimensional hypercube-model of emotional space based on the original four measured emotional aspects.
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Figure 5: Aggregated three-dimensional hypercube-model of emotional space based on the original four measured emotional aspects.

Mentions: A more significant separation of the emotions across all three dimensions in a 3D representation and aggregation of the original four emotional aspects can be seen in Figure 5. It seems that Dimension 1 corresponds somewhat with the original aspect of valence, where highly pleasant items (e.g., happiness, hope, love) are on the opposite side from unpleasant items (e.g., hate, disgust, sadness or fear), but it mixes with some of the original utility dimension as well. Dimension 2 seems to correspond mostly with arousal, although in reversed numbering dividing on one side highly arousing items (e.g., anger, fear, happiness, love) and on the other those which tend to be rather calm (e.g., compassion, guilt, gratefulness). Finally, Dimension 3 seems to correspond somewhat with control and partially with utility, as well. It lists on one side items that are controllable, such as envy or disgust, and on the rather uncontrollable side emotions of shame and sadness. This interpretation should not be overestimated because certain ratios of original four emotional aspects in the aggregated three-dimensional hypercube-model have not been determined.


Modeling Semantic Emotion Space Using a 3D Hypercube-Projection: An Innovative Analytical Approach for the Psychology of Emotions.

Trnka R, Lačev A, Balcar K, Kuška M, Tavel P - Front Psychol (2016)

Aggregated three-dimensional hypercube-model of emotional space based on the original four measured emotional aspects.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4835669&req=5

Figure 5: Aggregated three-dimensional hypercube-model of emotional space based on the original four measured emotional aspects.
Mentions: A more significant separation of the emotions across all three dimensions in a 3D representation and aggregation of the original four emotional aspects can be seen in Figure 5. It seems that Dimension 1 corresponds somewhat with the original aspect of valence, where highly pleasant items (e.g., happiness, hope, love) are on the opposite side from unpleasant items (e.g., hate, disgust, sadness or fear), but it mixes with some of the original utility dimension as well. Dimension 2 seems to correspond mostly with arousal, although in reversed numbering dividing on one side highly arousing items (e.g., anger, fear, happiness, love) and on the other those which tend to be rather calm (e.g., compassion, guilt, gratefulness). Finally, Dimension 3 seems to correspond somewhat with control and partially with utility, as well. It lists on one side items that are controllable, such as envy or disgust, and on the rather uncontrollable side emotions of shame and sadness. This interpretation should not be overestimated because certain ratios of original four emotional aspects in the aggregated three-dimensional hypercube-model have not been determined.

Bottom Line: The results revealed that these four dimensional input measures were uncorrelated.Based on this data, we constructed a 3D hypercube-projection and compared it with various two-dimensional projections.The results of the present study point out the reductionist nature of the two-dimensional paradigm in the psychological theory of emotions and challenge the widely accepted circumplex model.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Science and Research Department, Prague College of Psychosocial Studies (PVSPS)Prague, Czech Republic; Faculty of Humanities, Charles University in PraguePrague, Czech Republic.

ABSTRACT
The widely accepted two-dimensional circumplex model of emotions posits that most instances of human emotional experience can be understood within the two general dimensions of valence and activation. Currently, this model is facing some criticism, because complex emotions in particular are hard to define within only these two general dimensions. The present theory-driven study introduces an innovative analytical approach working in a way other than the conventional, two-dimensional paradigm. The main goal was to map and project semantic emotion space in terms of mutual positions of various emotion prototypical categories. Participants (N = 187; 54.5% females) judged 16 discrete emotions in terms of valence, intensity, controllability and utility. The results revealed that these four dimensional input measures were uncorrelated. This implies that valence, intensity, controllability and utility represented clearly different qualities of discrete emotions in the judgments of the participants. Based on this data, we constructed a 3D hypercube-projection and compared it with various two-dimensional projections. This contrasting enabled us to detect several sources of bias when working with the traditional, two-dimensional analytical approach. Contrasting two-dimensional and three-dimensional projections revealed that the 2D models provided biased insights about how emotions are conceptually related to one another along multiple dimensions. The results of the present study point out the reductionist nature of the two-dimensional paradigm in the psychological theory of emotions and challenge the widely accepted circumplex model.

No MeSH data available.