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Modeling Semantic Emotion Space Using a 3D Hypercube-Projection: An Innovative Analytical Approach for the Psychology of Emotions.

Trnka R, Lačev A, Balcar K, Kuška M, Tavel P - Front Psychol (2016)

Bottom Line: The results revealed that these four dimensional input measures were uncorrelated.Based on this data, we constructed a 3D hypercube-projection and compared it with various two-dimensional projections.The results of the present study point out the reductionist nature of the two-dimensional paradigm in the psychological theory of emotions and challenge the widely accepted circumplex model.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Science and Research Department, Prague College of Psychosocial Studies (PVSPS)Prague, Czech Republic; Faculty of Humanities, Charles University in PraguePrague, Czech Republic.

ABSTRACT
The widely accepted two-dimensional circumplex model of emotions posits that most instances of human emotional experience can be understood within the two general dimensions of valence and activation. Currently, this model is facing some criticism, because complex emotions in particular are hard to define within only these two general dimensions. The present theory-driven study introduces an innovative analytical approach working in a way other than the conventional, two-dimensional paradigm. The main goal was to map and project semantic emotion space in terms of mutual positions of various emotion prototypical categories. Participants (N = 187; 54.5% females) judged 16 discrete emotions in terms of valence, intensity, controllability and utility. The results revealed that these four dimensional input measures were uncorrelated. This implies that valence, intensity, controllability and utility represented clearly different qualities of discrete emotions in the judgments of the participants. Based on this data, we constructed a 3D hypercube-projection and compared it with various two-dimensional projections. This contrasting enabled us to detect several sources of bias when working with the traditional, two-dimensional analytical approach. Contrasting two-dimensional and three-dimensional projections revealed that the 2D models provided biased insights about how emotions are conceptually related to one another along multiple dimensions. The results of the present study point out the reductionist nature of the two-dimensional paradigm in the psychological theory of emotions and challenge the widely accepted circumplex model.

No MeSH data available.


Two-dimensional projection of discrete emotions on Dimension 1 and Dimension 2.
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Figure 2: Two-dimensional projection of discrete emotions on Dimension 1 and Dimension 2.

Mentions: A two dimensional (2D) representation of each of three resulting dimensions shows clear groups of emotions on three different planes. Figure 2 of the Dimensions 1 and 2 plane indicates that there are several clusters of emotions close together—happiness and love accompanied also by slightly more distant hope and gratefulness on one side of the plane, and anger and jealousy accompanied with slightly more distant fear on the other side of the plane; the third vertex of the imaginary triangle consists of a larger cluster of envy, disappointment, sadness and contempt accompanied also by the more distant hate, disgust and possibly also shame and guilt. Other emotions are somewhere in between these clusters (e.g., fear) or somewhat outside creating its own category, such as compassion.


Modeling Semantic Emotion Space Using a 3D Hypercube-Projection: An Innovative Analytical Approach for the Psychology of Emotions.

Trnka R, Lačev A, Balcar K, Kuška M, Tavel P - Front Psychol (2016)

Two-dimensional projection of discrete emotions on Dimension 1 and Dimension 2.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4835669&req=5

Figure 2: Two-dimensional projection of discrete emotions on Dimension 1 and Dimension 2.
Mentions: A two dimensional (2D) representation of each of three resulting dimensions shows clear groups of emotions on three different planes. Figure 2 of the Dimensions 1 and 2 plane indicates that there are several clusters of emotions close together—happiness and love accompanied also by slightly more distant hope and gratefulness on one side of the plane, and anger and jealousy accompanied with slightly more distant fear on the other side of the plane; the third vertex of the imaginary triangle consists of a larger cluster of envy, disappointment, sadness and contempt accompanied also by the more distant hate, disgust and possibly also shame and guilt. Other emotions are somewhere in between these clusters (e.g., fear) or somewhat outside creating its own category, such as compassion.

Bottom Line: The results revealed that these four dimensional input measures were uncorrelated.Based on this data, we constructed a 3D hypercube-projection and compared it with various two-dimensional projections.The results of the present study point out the reductionist nature of the two-dimensional paradigm in the psychological theory of emotions and challenge the widely accepted circumplex model.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Science and Research Department, Prague College of Psychosocial Studies (PVSPS)Prague, Czech Republic; Faculty of Humanities, Charles University in PraguePrague, Czech Republic.

ABSTRACT
The widely accepted two-dimensional circumplex model of emotions posits that most instances of human emotional experience can be understood within the two general dimensions of valence and activation. Currently, this model is facing some criticism, because complex emotions in particular are hard to define within only these two general dimensions. The present theory-driven study introduces an innovative analytical approach working in a way other than the conventional, two-dimensional paradigm. The main goal was to map and project semantic emotion space in terms of mutual positions of various emotion prototypical categories. Participants (N = 187; 54.5% females) judged 16 discrete emotions in terms of valence, intensity, controllability and utility. The results revealed that these four dimensional input measures were uncorrelated. This implies that valence, intensity, controllability and utility represented clearly different qualities of discrete emotions in the judgments of the participants. Based on this data, we constructed a 3D hypercube-projection and compared it with various two-dimensional projections. This contrasting enabled us to detect several sources of bias when working with the traditional, two-dimensional analytical approach. Contrasting two-dimensional and three-dimensional projections revealed that the 2D models provided biased insights about how emotions are conceptually related to one another along multiple dimensions. The results of the present study point out the reductionist nature of the two-dimensional paradigm in the psychological theory of emotions and challenge the widely accepted circumplex model.

No MeSH data available.