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Is There an Association between Restless Legs Syndrome and Urticaria?

Tuna S, Alan S, Samancı N, Karakaş AA - J. Korean Med. Sci. (2016)

Bottom Line: Subjective sleep quality, sleep latency and habitual sleep efficiency scores in patients with RLS were statistically significantly higher than patients without RLS (respectively P = 0.016, P = 0.007, P = 0.035).We claimed that pruritus of urticaria may decrease the quality of sleep in patients with RLS and it may trigger and worsen the restless legs syndrome.Furthermore, RLS and CSU may share a common etiology.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Akdeniz University School of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey .

ABSTRACT
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a disease characterized by the urge to move the legs and sleep disturbances. Similarly, chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a dermatological disease characterized by pruritus and sleep disorders. In this study, we aimed to determine the prevalence and severity of RLS in patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) and to compare the quality of sleep of patients with and without RLS in the CSU group using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. A total of 130 patients with CSU and 100 healthy controls were included in this study. The frequency of RLS, frequency of sleep disturbances, and average score of RLS in patients with CSU were statistically significantly higher than control groups (respectively P = 0.008, P = 0.009, P = 0.004). Subjective sleep quality, sleep latency and habitual sleep efficiency scores in patients with RLS were statistically significantly higher than patients without RLS (respectively P = 0.016, P = 0.007, P = 0.035). We claimed that pruritus of urticaria may decrease the quality of sleep in patients with RLS and it may trigger and worsen the restless legs syndrome. Furthermore, RLS and CSU may share a common etiology.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Plot curve between RLS and UAS.
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Figure 1: Plot curve between RLS and UAS.

Mentions: When we compared the demographic and clinical features of the patients with and without RLS in the CSU group, there was no significant difference between them in terms of VAS, UAS and poor sleep quality; but the mean ages of patients with RLS was higher than without RLS (P = 0.032) (Table 2). All PSQI scores of patients with CSU were significantly higher than the control group (Table 3). When we compared PSQI scores of patients with RLS and without RLS in the CSU group, subjective sleep quality (SSQ), sleep latency (SL) and habitual sleep efficiency of patients with RLS was higher than without RLS (respectively P = 0.016, P = 0.0097, P = 0.035) (Table 4). The frequency of poor sleep quality in the CSU group without RLS was higher than the control group (P = 0.001). Similarly, the frequency of poor sleep quality in the CSU group with RLS was higher than the control group (P = 0.001). Total PSQI scores in the CSU group were correlated with VAS, UAS and RLS scores (Table 5). There was no correlation between CSU and RLS (P = 0.377, r = 0.107) (Fig. 1).


Is There an Association between Restless Legs Syndrome and Urticaria?

Tuna S, Alan S, Samancı N, Karakaş AA - J. Korean Med. Sci. (2016)

Plot curve between RLS and UAS.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4835607&req=5

Figure 1: Plot curve between RLS and UAS.
Mentions: When we compared the demographic and clinical features of the patients with and without RLS in the CSU group, there was no significant difference between them in terms of VAS, UAS and poor sleep quality; but the mean ages of patients with RLS was higher than without RLS (P = 0.032) (Table 2). All PSQI scores of patients with CSU were significantly higher than the control group (Table 3). When we compared PSQI scores of patients with RLS and without RLS in the CSU group, subjective sleep quality (SSQ), sleep latency (SL) and habitual sleep efficiency of patients with RLS was higher than without RLS (respectively P = 0.016, P = 0.0097, P = 0.035) (Table 4). The frequency of poor sleep quality in the CSU group without RLS was higher than the control group (P = 0.001). Similarly, the frequency of poor sleep quality in the CSU group with RLS was higher than the control group (P = 0.001). Total PSQI scores in the CSU group were correlated with VAS, UAS and RLS scores (Table 5). There was no correlation between CSU and RLS (P = 0.377, r = 0.107) (Fig. 1).

Bottom Line: Subjective sleep quality, sleep latency and habitual sleep efficiency scores in patients with RLS were statistically significantly higher than patients without RLS (respectively P = 0.016, P = 0.007, P = 0.035).We claimed that pruritus of urticaria may decrease the quality of sleep in patients with RLS and it may trigger and worsen the restless legs syndrome.Furthermore, RLS and CSU may share a common etiology.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Akdeniz University School of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey .

ABSTRACT
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a disease characterized by the urge to move the legs and sleep disturbances. Similarly, chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a dermatological disease characterized by pruritus and sleep disorders. In this study, we aimed to determine the prevalence and severity of RLS in patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) and to compare the quality of sleep of patients with and without RLS in the CSU group using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. A total of 130 patients with CSU and 100 healthy controls were included in this study. The frequency of RLS, frequency of sleep disturbances, and average score of RLS in patients with CSU were statistically significantly higher than control groups (respectively P = 0.008, P = 0.009, P = 0.004). Subjective sleep quality, sleep latency and habitual sleep efficiency scores in patients with RLS were statistically significantly higher than patients without RLS (respectively P = 0.016, P = 0.007, P = 0.035). We claimed that pruritus of urticaria may decrease the quality of sleep in patients with RLS and it may trigger and worsen the restless legs syndrome. Furthermore, RLS and CSU may share a common etiology.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus