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Dioctophyma renale (Goeze, 1782) Infection in a Domestic Dog from Hamedan, Western Iran.

Zolhavarieh SM, Norian A, Yavari M - Iran J Parasitol (2016 Jan-Mar)

Bottom Line: Dioctophyma renale infection is found in a wide range of mammalian species, typically in temperate areas of the world.We conclude that dioctophymosis can be found in cold and or relatively dry area.Moreover, the results showed that the worm was not affected with common anthelmintic drugs.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dept. of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.

ABSTRACT
Dioctophyma renale infection is found in a wide range of mammalian species, typically in temperate areas of the world. Here, we report for the first time, the parasitism of a domestic dog by D. renale in Hamedan, Iran, a mountainous cold region, lacking significant amounts of rainfall, high humidity and temperature. A 2.5 yr old male mixed breed dog was presented with a two months history of progressive hematuria and muscle weakness. Complete blood count and serum biochemistry were performed with results indicating impaired renal function. Urinalysis, showed hematuria as well as parasitic eggs, suggestive of D. renale infection. Urinary system ultrasonography revealed a hypoecogenic tubular structure in the right kidney. The animal was treated with fenbendazole (45 mg/kg, PO, QD - five days) and ivermectin (0.02 mg/kg, SC, single dose). One week later, repeated laboratory examination confirmed presence of at least one alive worm in the affected kidney. A unilateral nephrectomy was performed; one female (60 × 5 cm) and one male (30 × 3.8 cm) live worm were taken out of the extremely thin walled right kidney. One month later, due to failure of the remained kidney and poor condition, the patient deceased. We conclude that dioctophymosis can be found in cold and or relatively dry area. Moreover, the results showed that the worm was not affected with common anthelmintic drugs.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The right kidney appeared to contain a tubular structure with a hypoecogenic wall
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Figure 2: The right kidney appeared to contain a tubular structure with a hypoecogenic wall

Mentions: The animal was next subjected to urinary system ultrasonographic examination, in which his right kidney was estimated to be 7.3 cm at its greatest diameter with a thin cortex. The kidney appeared to contain a tubular structure with a hypoecogenic wall and a thickness of approximately 0.4 cm (Fig. 2). The ultrasound findings as well as clinical observation and laboratory results suggested parasitism by D. renale. The other kidney showed a moderate hydronephrosis with approximately 1 cm thickness of cortex and a dilated pelvis.


Dioctophyma renale (Goeze, 1782) Infection in a Domestic Dog from Hamedan, Western Iran.

Zolhavarieh SM, Norian A, Yavari M - Iran J Parasitol (2016 Jan-Mar)

The right kidney appeared to contain a tubular structure with a hypoecogenic wall
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4835464&req=5

Figure 2: The right kidney appeared to contain a tubular structure with a hypoecogenic wall
Mentions: The animal was next subjected to urinary system ultrasonographic examination, in which his right kidney was estimated to be 7.3 cm at its greatest diameter with a thin cortex. The kidney appeared to contain a tubular structure with a hypoecogenic wall and a thickness of approximately 0.4 cm (Fig. 2). The ultrasound findings as well as clinical observation and laboratory results suggested parasitism by D. renale. The other kidney showed a moderate hydronephrosis with approximately 1 cm thickness of cortex and a dilated pelvis.

Bottom Line: Dioctophyma renale infection is found in a wide range of mammalian species, typically in temperate areas of the world.We conclude that dioctophymosis can be found in cold and or relatively dry area.Moreover, the results showed that the worm was not affected with common anthelmintic drugs.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dept. of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.

ABSTRACT
Dioctophyma renale infection is found in a wide range of mammalian species, typically in temperate areas of the world. Here, we report for the first time, the parasitism of a domestic dog by D. renale in Hamedan, Iran, a mountainous cold region, lacking significant amounts of rainfall, high humidity and temperature. A 2.5 yr old male mixed breed dog was presented with a two months history of progressive hematuria and muscle weakness. Complete blood count and serum biochemistry were performed with results indicating impaired renal function. Urinalysis, showed hematuria as well as parasitic eggs, suggestive of D. renale infection. Urinary system ultrasonography revealed a hypoecogenic tubular structure in the right kidney. The animal was treated with fenbendazole (45 mg/kg, PO, QD - five days) and ivermectin (0.02 mg/kg, SC, single dose). One week later, repeated laboratory examination confirmed presence of at least one alive worm in the affected kidney. A unilateral nephrectomy was performed; one female (60 × 5 cm) and one male (30 × 3.8 cm) live worm were taken out of the extremely thin walled right kidney. One month later, due to failure of the remained kidney and poor condition, the patient deceased. We conclude that dioctophymosis can be found in cold and or relatively dry area. Moreover, the results showed that the worm was not affected with common anthelmintic drugs.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus