Limits...
One Health Approach Prospect for Integrated Control and Elimination of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Ethiopia: A Narrative Review Article.

Hailu T - Iran J Parasitol (2016 Jan-Mar)

Bottom Line: It has zoonosis and/or anthroponosis transmission.Still the above disciplines respond against leishmaniasis in a separate way.Inter- and intra - sectoral collaboration in the leishmaniasis control is limited in Ethiopia.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, College of Medicine and Health Science, Bahir Dar University, P.O.Box 79, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

ABSTRACT

Background: Leishmaniasis is an obligate intercellular protozoon that affects animals and human. It has zoonosis and/or anthroponosis transmission. Human and veterinary medicine, environmental science and wildlife conservation specialists have many commonalities in case of visceral leishmaniasis. Still the above disciplines respond against leishmaniasis in a separate way. The aim of this review is to indicate inter- and intra- sectoral collaboration for planning future control strategies.

Methods: literatures written on visceral leishmaniasis and one health approach were systematically reviewed from the year 1969 to 2014 from Pub Med, Scopus, Medline and Google scholar sources.

Result: Such a one health approach would enhance biomedical progress; improve medical and veterinary serves, entomological control and wildlife conservation for Visceral Leishmaniasis especially in endemic areas.

Conclusion: Inter- and intra - sectoral collaboration in the leishmaniasis control is limited in Ethiopia. Therefore, incorporating one health approach or integrated inter- and intra - sectoral collaboration for visceral leishmaniasis control is an effective control strategy in endemic areas.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The distribution of VL in Ethiopia
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Figure 1: The distribution of VL in Ethiopia

Mentions: Risk model of VL for Ethiopia based on soil type, altitude, mean annual rainfall, surface temperature and slope vis-à-vis GPS data on clinical VL presence and absence predicted that 33 % of the total land mass is at high and very high risk of VL endemicity and over 3.2 million people live in areas at risk (Fig. 1) (41, 42). Considering the large scale immigration of temporary labourers and settlers to these areas might be an underestimation.


One Health Approach Prospect for Integrated Control and Elimination of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Ethiopia: A Narrative Review Article.

Hailu T - Iran J Parasitol (2016 Jan-Mar)

The distribution of VL in Ethiopia
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4835457&req=5

Figure 1: The distribution of VL in Ethiopia
Mentions: Risk model of VL for Ethiopia based on soil type, altitude, mean annual rainfall, surface temperature and slope vis-à-vis GPS data on clinical VL presence and absence predicted that 33 % of the total land mass is at high and very high risk of VL endemicity and over 3.2 million people live in areas at risk (Fig. 1) (41, 42). Considering the large scale immigration of temporary labourers and settlers to these areas might be an underestimation.

Bottom Line: It has zoonosis and/or anthroponosis transmission.Still the above disciplines respond against leishmaniasis in a separate way.Inter- and intra - sectoral collaboration in the leishmaniasis control is limited in Ethiopia.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, College of Medicine and Health Science, Bahir Dar University, P.O.Box 79, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

ABSTRACT

Background: Leishmaniasis is an obligate intercellular protozoon that affects animals and human. It has zoonosis and/or anthroponosis transmission. Human and veterinary medicine, environmental science and wildlife conservation specialists have many commonalities in case of visceral leishmaniasis. Still the above disciplines respond against leishmaniasis in a separate way. The aim of this review is to indicate inter- and intra- sectoral collaboration for planning future control strategies.

Methods: literatures written on visceral leishmaniasis and one health approach were systematically reviewed from the year 1969 to 2014 from Pub Med, Scopus, Medline and Google scholar sources.

Result: Such a one health approach would enhance biomedical progress; improve medical and veterinary serves, entomological control and wildlife conservation for Visceral Leishmaniasis especially in endemic areas.

Conclusion: Inter- and intra - sectoral collaboration in the leishmaniasis control is limited in Ethiopia. Therefore, incorporating one health approach or integrated inter- and intra - sectoral collaboration for visceral leishmaniasis control is an effective control strategy in endemic areas.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus