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Portable Automated Oxygen Administration System for hypoxaemic patients.

Alzoubi K, Alguraan Z, Ramahi OM - Springerplus (2016)

Bottom Line: Oxygen is a lifesaving medication that should be offered with an administration to a patient who suffers from oxygen deficiency to avoid toxic effects of excessive oxygen supplement as well as to minimize the exposure to hypoxaemia.In this work, a prototype model for a Portable Automated Oxygen Delivery System that consists of two subsystems: an Oxygen Reader Subsystem and an Automated Adjustment Oxygen Delivery Subsystem, both communicating wirelessly, has been developed.The system promises significant benefits in improving the life quality of hypoxaemic patients as well as healthcare service for oxygen delivery administration.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.

ABSTRACT
Oxygen is a lifesaving medication that should be offered with an administration to a patient who suffers from oxygen deficiency to avoid toxic effects of excessive oxygen supplement as well as to minimize the exposure to hypoxaemia. This work aims to automate the process of administering oxygen delivery in order to extend the continuous oxygen administration process beyond the IC units, reduce the cost of oxygen administration in terms of well-trained health care providers and equipment, prolong the lifetime of oxygen supplement, and help in the process of weaning patient from oxygen. In this work, a prototype model for a Portable Automated Oxygen Delivery System that consists of two subsystems: an Oxygen Reader Subsystem and an Automated Adjustment Oxygen Delivery Subsystem, both communicating wirelessly, has been developed. The system promises significant benefits in improving the life quality of hypoxaemic patients as well as healthcare service for oxygen delivery administration.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Main causes of hypoxia
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Fig1: Main causes of hypoxia

Mentions: Generally, hypoxia could occur as a consequence to one of the following causes (see Fig. 1): Tissues’ inability to take oxygen from the blood (metabolic poisoning) (Liesivuori and Savolainen 1991), environmental conditions (less oxygen in the air) (Schoene 2001), or the human body’s disability to extract sufficient oxygen from air or transport it to cells and tissues (Rao et al. 2012). Medically, hypoxia can be classified into four types based on its causes as shown in Fig. 2. The oxygen content in arterial blood is affected by blood capacity in carrying oxygen and oxygen sufficiency in the pulmonary capillaries. The oxygen content of arterial blood is described using Eq. (1) (Bukwirwa 1999b), where Hb is the haemoglobin concentration (g/l), is the arterial Hb oxygen saturation, and is arterial oxygen partial pressure.1\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\text {CaO}}_{2}=(k1 \times {\text {Hb}} \times {\text {SaO}}_{2}+(K_{2} \times {\text {PaO}}_{2})$$\end{document}CaO2=(k1×Hb×SaO2+(K2×PaO2)Fig. 2


Portable Automated Oxygen Administration System for hypoxaemic patients.

Alzoubi K, Alguraan Z, Ramahi OM - Springerplus (2016)

Main causes of hypoxia
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4835418&req=5

Fig1: Main causes of hypoxia
Mentions: Generally, hypoxia could occur as a consequence to one of the following causes (see Fig. 1): Tissues’ inability to take oxygen from the blood (metabolic poisoning) (Liesivuori and Savolainen 1991), environmental conditions (less oxygen in the air) (Schoene 2001), or the human body’s disability to extract sufficient oxygen from air or transport it to cells and tissues (Rao et al. 2012). Medically, hypoxia can be classified into four types based on its causes as shown in Fig. 2. The oxygen content in arterial blood is affected by blood capacity in carrying oxygen and oxygen sufficiency in the pulmonary capillaries. The oxygen content of arterial blood is described using Eq. (1) (Bukwirwa 1999b), where Hb is the haemoglobin concentration (g/l), is the arterial Hb oxygen saturation, and is arterial oxygen partial pressure.1\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\text {CaO}}_{2}=(k1 \times {\text {Hb}} \times {\text {SaO}}_{2}+(K_{2} \times {\text {PaO}}_{2})$$\end{document}CaO2=(k1×Hb×SaO2+(K2×PaO2)Fig. 2

Bottom Line: Oxygen is a lifesaving medication that should be offered with an administration to a patient who suffers from oxygen deficiency to avoid toxic effects of excessive oxygen supplement as well as to minimize the exposure to hypoxaemia.In this work, a prototype model for a Portable Automated Oxygen Delivery System that consists of two subsystems: an Oxygen Reader Subsystem and an Automated Adjustment Oxygen Delivery Subsystem, both communicating wirelessly, has been developed.The system promises significant benefits in improving the life quality of hypoxaemic patients as well as healthcare service for oxygen delivery administration.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.

ABSTRACT
Oxygen is a lifesaving medication that should be offered with an administration to a patient who suffers from oxygen deficiency to avoid toxic effects of excessive oxygen supplement as well as to minimize the exposure to hypoxaemia. This work aims to automate the process of administering oxygen delivery in order to extend the continuous oxygen administration process beyond the IC units, reduce the cost of oxygen administration in terms of well-trained health care providers and equipment, prolong the lifetime of oxygen supplement, and help in the process of weaning patient from oxygen. In this work, a prototype model for a Portable Automated Oxygen Delivery System that consists of two subsystems: an Oxygen Reader Subsystem and an Automated Adjustment Oxygen Delivery Subsystem, both communicating wirelessly, has been developed. The system promises significant benefits in improving the life quality of hypoxaemic patients as well as healthcare service for oxygen delivery administration.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus