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An exploratory study of volumetric analysis for assessing tumor response with (18)F-FAZA PET/CT in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Kerner GS, Bollineni VR, Hiltermann TJ, Sijtsema NM, Fischer A, Bongaerts AH, Pruim J, Groen HJ - EJNMMI Res (2016)

Bottom Line: In the primary tumor of all seven patients, median (18)F-FDG standard uptake value (SUVmax) decreased significantly (p = 0.03).There was no significant decrease in (18)F-FAZA uptake as measured with T/Bgmax (p = 0.24) or the FHV (p = 0.35).Additionally, volumetric voxel-by-voxel analysis showed that low hypoxic tumors did not significantly change in hypoxic status between baseline and two cycles of chemotherapy, whereas highly hypoxic tumors did.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pulmonary Diseases, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Hanzeplein 1, P.O.Box 30.001, 9700 RB, Groningen, The Netherlands. g.s.m.a.kerner@umcg.nl.

ABSTRACT

Background: Hypoxia is associated with resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy and is randomly distributed within malignancies. Characterization of changes in intratumoral hypoxic regions is possible with specially developed PET tracers such as (18)F-fluoroazomycin arabinoside ((18)F-FAZA) while tumor metabolism can be measured with 2-deoxy-2-[(18)F]fluoro-D-glucose ((18)F-FDG). The purpose of this study was to study the effects of chemotherapy on (18)F-FAZA and (18)F-FDG uptake simultaneously in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients

Methods: At baseline and after the second chemotherapy cycle, both PET/CT with (18)F-FDG and (18)F-FAZA was performed in seven patients with metastasized NSCLC. (18)F-FAZA and (18)F-FDG scans were aligned with deformable image registration using Mirada DBx. The primary tumors were contoured, and on the (18)F-FDG scan, volumes of interest (VOI) were drawn using a 41 % adaptive threshold technique. Subsequently, the resulting VOI was transferred to the (18)F-FAZA scan. (18)F-FAZA maximum tumor-to-background (T/Bgmax) ratio and the fractional hypoxic volume (FHV) were assessed. Measurements were corrected for partial volume effects. Finally, a voxel-by-voxel analysis of the primary tumor was performed to assess regional uptake differences.

Results: In the primary tumor of all seven patients, median (18)F-FDG standard uptake value (SUVmax) decreased significantly (p = 0.03). There was no significant decrease in (18)F-FAZA uptake as measured with T/Bgmax (p = 0.24) or the FHV (p = 0.35). Additionally, volumetric voxel-by-voxel analysis showed that low hypoxic tumors did not significantly change in hypoxic status between baseline and two cycles of chemotherapy, whereas highly hypoxic tumors did. Individualized volumetric voxel-by-voxel analysis revealed that hypoxia and metabolism were not associated before and after 2 cycles of chemotherapy.

Conclusions: Tumor hypoxia and metabolism are independent dynamic events as measured by (18)F-FAZA PET and (18)F-FDG PET, both prior to and after treatment with chemotherapy in NSCLC patients.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Difference between two cycles of chemotherapy and baseline was assessed for 18F-FAZA T/Bg (a) and 18F-FDG SUV (b) in the all primary tumor voxels of seven (18F-FAZA) and six (18F-FDG) patients, respectively. a The vertical line in figure (a) denotes the hypoxic cutoff of 1.4 T/Bg. Areas above 1.4 T/Bg are considered hypoxic. A decrease in 18F-FAZA activity can be seen as a result of treatment, yet this is not so clear compared to 18F-FDG. The decrease in 18F-FAZA activity is, however, most pronounced in the most hypoxic areas. b Per patient, different cutoff values are seen, due to the use of the 41 % adoptive threshold technique in selecting tumor areas. A clear decrease in 18F-FDG activity in almost all tumor voxels as a result of treatment. Although the decrease is clear overall, the decrease is most pronounced in areas with initially the highest 18F-FDG uptake
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Fig2: Difference between two cycles of chemotherapy and baseline was assessed for 18F-FAZA T/Bg (a) and 18F-FDG SUV (b) in the all primary tumor voxels of seven (18F-FAZA) and six (18F-FDG) patients, respectively. a The vertical line in figure (a) denotes the hypoxic cutoff of 1.4 T/Bg. Areas above 1.4 T/Bg are considered hypoxic. A decrease in 18F-FAZA activity can be seen as a result of treatment, yet this is not so clear compared to 18F-FDG. The decrease in 18F-FAZA activity is, however, most pronounced in the most hypoxic areas. b Per patient, different cutoff values are seen, due to the use of the 41 % adoptive threshold technique in selecting tumor areas. A clear decrease in 18F-FDG activity in almost all tumor voxels as a result of treatment. Although the decrease is clear overall, the decrease is most pronounced in areas with initially the highest 18F-FDG uptake

Mentions: In areas with low 18F-FAZA uptake at baseline, a decrease of 18F-FAZA responses were seen, perhaps partly due to noise. In areas with high 18F-FAZA uptake, reoxygenation became evident after chemotherapy (Fig. 2a). A more evenly distributed decrease of 18F-FDG activity was observed after 2 cycles of chemotherapy (Fig. 2b). Four different patterns of hypoxic uptake were visible: hypoxic areas that remained hypoxic, hypoxic areas that became normoxic after treatment, normoxic areas that became hypoxic after treatment, and normoxic areas that remained normoxic (Table 2).Fig. 2


An exploratory study of volumetric analysis for assessing tumor response with (18)F-FAZA PET/CT in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Kerner GS, Bollineni VR, Hiltermann TJ, Sijtsema NM, Fischer A, Bongaerts AH, Pruim J, Groen HJ - EJNMMI Res (2016)

Difference between two cycles of chemotherapy and baseline was assessed for 18F-FAZA T/Bg (a) and 18F-FDG SUV (b) in the all primary tumor voxels of seven (18F-FAZA) and six (18F-FDG) patients, respectively. a The vertical line in figure (a) denotes the hypoxic cutoff of 1.4 T/Bg. Areas above 1.4 T/Bg are considered hypoxic. A decrease in 18F-FAZA activity can be seen as a result of treatment, yet this is not so clear compared to 18F-FDG. The decrease in 18F-FAZA activity is, however, most pronounced in the most hypoxic areas. b Per patient, different cutoff values are seen, due to the use of the 41 % adoptive threshold technique in selecting tumor areas. A clear decrease in 18F-FDG activity in almost all tumor voxels as a result of treatment. Although the decrease is clear overall, the decrease is most pronounced in areas with initially the highest 18F-FDG uptake
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

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getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4835394&req=5

Fig2: Difference between two cycles of chemotherapy and baseline was assessed for 18F-FAZA T/Bg (a) and 18F-FDG SUV (b) in the all primary tumor voxels of seven (18F-FAZA) and six (18F-FDG) patients, respectively. a The vertical line in figure (a) denotes the hypoxic cutoff of 1.4 T/Bg. Areas above 1.4 T/Bg are considered hypoxic. A decrease in 18F-FAZA activity can be seen as a result of treatment, yet this is not so clear compared to 18F-FDG. The decrease in 18F-FAZA activity is, however, most pronounced in the most hypoxic areas. b Per patient, different cutoff values are seen, due to the use of the 41 % adoptive threshold technique in selecting tumor areas. A clear decrease in 18F-FDG activity in almost all tumor voxels as a result of treatment. Although the decrease is clear overall, the decrease is most pronounced in areas with initially the highest 18F-FDG uptake
Mentions: In areas with low 18F-FAZA uptake at baseline, a decrease of 18F-FAZA responses were seen, perhaps partly due to noise. In areas with high 18F-FAZA uptake, reoxygenation became evident after chemotherapy (Fig. 2a). A more evenly distributed decrease of 18F-FDG activity was observed after 2 cycles of chemotherapy (Fig. 2b). Four different patterns of hypoxic uptake were visible: hypoxic areas that remained hypoxic, hypoxic areas that became normoxic after treatment, normoxic areas that became hypoxic after treatment, and normoxic areas that remained normoxic (Table 2).Fig. 2

Bottom Line: In the primary tumor of all seven patients, median (18)F-FDG standard uptake value (SUVmax) decreased significantly (p = 0.03).There was no significant decrease in (18)F-FAZA uptake as measured with T/Bgmax (p = 0.24) or the FHV (p = 0.35).Additionally, volumetric voxel-by-voxel analysis showed that low hypoxic tumors did not significantly change in hypoxic status between baseline and two cycles of chemotherapy, whereas highly hypoxic tumors did.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pulmonary Diseases, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Hanzeplein 1, P.O.Box 30.001, 9700 RB, Groningen, The Netherlands. g.s.m.a.kerner@umcg.nl.

ABSTRACT

Background: Hypoxia is associated with resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy and is randomly distributed within malignancies. Characterization of changes in intratumoral hypoxic regions is possible with specially developed PET tracers such as (18)F-fluoroazomycin arabinoside ((18)F-FAZA) while tumor metabolism can be measured with 2-deoxy-2-[(18)F]fluoro-D-glucose ((18)F-FDG). The purpose of this study was to study the effects of chemotherapy on (18)F-FAZA and (18)F-FDG uptake simultaneously in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients

Methods: At baseline and after the second chemotherapy cycle, both PET/CT with (18)F-FDG and (18)F-FAZA was performed in seven patients with metastasized NSCLC. (18)F-FAZA and (18)F-FDG scans were aligned with deformable image registration using Mirada DBx. The primary tumors were contoured, and on the (18)F-FDG scan, volumes of interest (VOI) were drawn using a 41 % adaptive threshold technique. Subsequently, the resulting VOI was transferred to the (18)F-FAZA scan. (18)F-FAZA maximum tumor-to-background (T/Bgmax) ratio and the fractional hypoxic volume (FHV) were assessed. Measurements were corrected for partial volume effects. Finally, a voxel-by-voxel analysis of the primary tumor was performed to assess regional uptake differences.

Results: In the primary tumor of all seven patients, median (18)F-FDG standard uptake value (SUVmax) decreased significantly (p = 0.03). There was no significant decrease in (18)F-FAZA uptake as measured with T/Bgmax (p = 0.24) or the FHV (p = 0.35). Additionally, volumetric voxel-by-voxel analysis showed that low hypoxic tumors did not significantly change in hypoxic status between baseline and two cycles of chemotherapy, whereas highly hypoxic tumors did. Individualized volumetric voxel-by-voxel analysis revealed that hypoxia and metabolism were not associated before and after 2 cycles of chemotherapy.

Conclusions: Tumor hypoxia and metabolism are independent dynamic events as measured by (18)F-FAZA PET and (18)F-FDG PET, both prior to and after treatment with chemotherapy in NSCLC patients.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus