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PyRhO: A Multiscale Optogenetics Simulation Platform.

Evans BD, Jarvis S, Schultz SR, Nikolic K - Front Neuroinform (2016)

Bottom Line: The module is written in Python with an additional IPython/Jupyter notebook based GUI, allowing models to be fit, simulations to be run and results to be shared through simply interacting with a webpage.The seamless integration of model fitting algorithms with simulation environments (including NEURON and Brian2) for these virtual opsins will enable neuroscientists to gain a comprehensive understanding of their behavior and rapidly identify the most suitable variant for application in a particular biological system.This process may thereby guide not only experimental design and opsin choice but also alterations of the opsin genetic code in a neuro-engineering feed-back loop.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre for Bio-Inspired Technology, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Imperial College London London, UK.

ABSTRACT
Optogenetics has become a key tool for understanding the function of neural circuits and controlling their behavior. An array of directly light driven opsins have been genetically isolated from several families of organisms, with a wide range of temporal and spectral properties. In order to characterize, understand and apply these opsins, we present an integrated suite of open-source, multi-scale computational tools called PyRhO. The purpose of developing PyRhO is three-fold: (i) to characterize new (and existing) opsins by automatically fitting a minimal set of experimental data to three-, four-, or six-state kinetic models, (ii) to simulate these models at the channel, neuron and network levels, and (iii) provide functional insights through model selection and virtual experiments in silico. The module is written in Python with an additional IPython/Jupyter notebook based GUI, allowing models to be fit, simulations to be run and results to be shared through simply interacting with a webpage. The seamless integration of model fitting algorithms with simulation environments (including NEURON and Brian2) for these virtual opsins will enable neuroscientists to gain a comprehensive understanding of their behavior and rapidly identify the most suitable variant for application in a particular biological system. This process may thereby guide not only experimental design and opsin choice but also alterations of the opsin genetic code in a neuro-engineering feed-back loop. In this way, we expect PyRhO will help to significantly advance optogenetics as a tool for transforming biological sciences.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Cell membrane potential for a simple Hodgkin–Huxley neuron transfected with a six-state opsin model of ChR2 and simulated in NEURON.
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Figure 12: Cell membrane potential for a simple Hodgkin–Huxley neuron transfected with a six-state opsin model of ChR2 and simulated in NEURON.

Mentions: An example of implementing opsins within the NEURON environment is shown in Figure 12 where ChR2 expressing cells are illuminated with a 150 ms light pulse. The six-state equations were used to model the ChR2 additions and implemented via the NMODL file RhO6.mod, adapted from the description in Grossman et al. (2013).


PyRhO: A Multiscale Optogenetics Simulation Platform.

Evans BD, Jarvis S, Schultz SR, Nikolic K - Front Neuroinform (2016)

Cell membrane potential for a simple Hodgkin–Huxley neuron transfected with a six-state opsin model of ChR2 and simulated in NEURON.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4834562&req=5

Figure 12: Cell membrane potential for a simple Hodgkin–Huxley neuron transfected with a six-state opsin model of ChR2 and simulated in NEURON.
Mentions: An example of implementing opsins within the NEURON environment is shown in Figure 12 where ChR2 expressing cells are illuminated with a 150 ms light pulse. The six-state equations were used to model the ChR2 additions and implemented via the NMODL file RhO6.mod, adapted from the description in Grossman et al. (2013).

Bottom Line: The module is written in Python with an additional IPython/Jupyter notebook based GUI, allowing models to be fit, simulations to be run and results to be shared through simply interacting with a webpage.The seamless integration of model fitting algorithms with simulation environments (including NEURON and Brian2) for these virtual opsins will enable neuroscientists to gain a comprehensive understanding of their behavior and rapidly identify the most suitable variant for application in a particular biological system.This process may thereby guide not only experimental design and opsin choice but also alterations of the opsin genetic code in a neuro-engineering feed-back loop.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre for Bio-Inspired Technology, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Imperial College London London, UK.

ABSTRACT
Optogenetics has become a key tool for understanding the function of neural circuits and controlling their behavior. An array of directly light driven opsins have been genetically isolated from several families of organisms, with a wide range of temporal and spectral properties. In order to characterize, understand and apply these opsins, we present an integrated suite of open-source, multi-scale computational tools called PyRhO. The purpose of developing PyRhO is three-fold: (i) to characterize new (and existing) opsins by automatically fitting a minimal set of experimental data to three-, four-, or six-state kinetic models, (ii) to simulate these models at the channel, neuron and network levels, and (iii) provide functional insights through model selection and virtual experiments in silico. The module is written in Python with an additional IPython/Jupyter notebook based GUI, allowing models to be fit, simulations to be run and results to be shared through simply interacting with a webpage. The seamless integration of model fitting algorithms with simulation environments (including NEURON and Brian2) for these virtual opsins will enable neuroscientists to gain a comprehensive understanding of their behavior and rapidly identify the most suitable variant for application in a particular biological system. This process may thereby guide not only experimental design and opsin choice but also alterations of the opsin genetic code in a neuro-engineering feed-back loop. In this way, we expect PyRhO will help to significantly advance optogenetics as a tool for transforming biological sciences.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus