Limits...
Minimizing Postsampling Degradation of Peptides by a Thermal Benchtop Tissue Stabilization Method.

Segerström L, Gustavsson J, Nylander I - Biopreserv Biobank (2016)

Bottom Line: Postmortem metabolism in biological samples entails considerable risk for measurements misrepresentative of true in vivo concentrations.Also, simplified extraction protocols for stabilized tissue were tested.The result is improved diagnostic and research value of the samples with great benefits for basic research and clinical work.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences, Neuropharmacology, Addiction & Behavior, Uppsala University , Uppsala, Sweden .

ABSTRACT
Enzymatic degradation is a major concern in peptide analysis. Postmortem metabolism in biological samples entails considerable risk for measurements misrepresentative of true in vivo concentrations. It is therefore vital to find reliable, reproducible, and easy-to-use procedures to inhibit enzymatic activity in fresh tissues before subjecting them to qualitative and quantitative analyses. The aim of this study was to test a benchtop thermal stabilization method to optimize measurement of endogenous opioids in brain tissue. Endogenous opioid peptides are generated from precursor proteins through multiple enzymatic steps that include conversion of one bioactive peptide to another, often with a different function. Ex vivo metabolism may, therefore, lead to erroneous functional interpretations. The efficacy of heat stabilization was systematically evaluated in a number of postmortem handling procedures. Dynorphin B (DYNB), Leu-enkephalin-Arg(6) (LARG), and Met-enkephalin-Arg(6)-Phe(7) (MEAP) were measured by radioimmunoassay in rat hypothalamus, striatum (STR), and cingulate cortex (CCX). Also, simplified extraction protocols for stabilized tissue were tested. Stabilization affected all peptide levels to varying degrees compared to those prepared by standard dissection and tissue handling procedures. Stabilization increased DYNB in hypothalamus, but not STR or CCX, whereas LARG generally decreased. MEAP increased in hypothalamus after all stabilization procedures, whereas for STR and CCX, the effect was dependent on the time point for stabilization. The efficacy of stabilization allowed samples to be left for 2 hours in room temperature (20°C) without changes in peptide levels. This study shows that conductive heat transfer is an easy-to-use and efficient procedure for the preservation of the molecular composition in biological samples. Region- and peptide-specific critical steps were identified and stabilization enabled the optimization of tissue handling and opioid peptide analysis. The result is improved diagnostic and research value of the samples with great benefits for basic research and clinical work.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Changes in prodynorphin-derived peptides in the hypothalamus after stabilization. Values are expressed as percent of immunoreactive (ir) levels in nonstabilized hypothalamus handled according to standard procedure. DYNB, dynorphin B; LARG, Leu-enkephalin-Arg6. *p<0.05, **p<0.01, compared to standard procedure.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4834486&req=5

f3: Changes in prodynorphin-derived peptides in the hypothalamus after stabilization. Values are expressed as percent of immunoreactive (ir) levels in nonstabilized hypothalamus handled according to standard procedure. DYNB, dynorphin B; LARG, Leu-enkephalin-Arg6. *p<0.05, **p<0.01, compared to standard procedure.

Mentions: DYNB increased in hypothalamus stabilized either alone or with the whole brain (Fig. 3). Stabilization of frozen hypothalamus immediately before extraction had no effect on DYNB levels, whereas LARG levels were generally reduced (Fig. 3). MEAP increased in all stabilized tissues compared to the standard procedure (Table 1). The LARG/DYNB ratio was lower in all stabilized tissue (Table 1).


Minimizing Postsampling Degradation of Peptides by a Thermal Benchtop Tissue Stabilization Method.

Segerström L, Gustavsson J, Nylander I - Biopreserv Biobank (2016)

Changes in prodynorphin-derived peptides in the hypothalamus after stabilization. Values are expressed as percent of immunoreactive (ir) levels in nonstabilized hypothalamus handled according to standard procedure. DYNB, dynorphin B; LARG, Leu-enkephalin-Arg6. *p<0.05, **p<0.01, compared to standard procedure.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4834486&req=5

f3: Changes in prodynorphin-derived peptides in the hypothalamus after stabilization. Values are expressed as percent of immunoreactive (ir) levels in nonstabilized hypothalamus handled according to standard procedure. DYNB, dynorphin B; LARG, Leu-enkephalin-Arg6. *p<0.05, **p<0.01, compared to standard procedure.
Mentions: DYNB increased in hypothalamus stabilized either alone or with the whole brain (Fig. 3). Stabilization of frozen hypothalamus immediately before extraction had no effect on DYNB levels, whereas LARG levels were generally reduced (Fig. 3). MEAP increased in all stabilized tissues compared to the standard procedure (Table 1). The LARG/DYNB ratio was lower in all stabilized tissue (Table 1).

Bottom Line: Postmortem metabolism in biological samples entails considerable risk for measurements misrepresentative of true in vivo concentrations.Also, simplified extraction protocols for stabilized tissue were tested.The result is improved diagnostic and research value of the samples with great benefits for basic research and clinical work.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences, Neuropharmacology, Addiction & Behavior, Uppsala University , Uppsala, Sweden .

ABSTRACT
Enzymatic degradation is a major concern in peptide analysis. Postmortem metabolism in biological samples entails considerable risk for measurements misrepresentative of true in vivo concentrations. It is therefore vital to find reliable, reproducible, and easy-to-use procedures to inhibit enzymatic activity in fresh tissues before subjecting them to qualitative and quantitative analyses. The aim of this study was to test a benchtop thermal stabilization method to optimize measurement of endogenous opioids in brain tissue. Endogenous opioid peptides are generated from precursor proteins through multiple enzymatic steps that include conversion of one bioactive peptide to another, often with a different function. Ex vivo metabolism may, therefore, lead to erroneous functional interpretations. The efficacy of heat stabilization was systematically evaluated in a number of postmortem handling procedures. Dynorphin B (DYNB), Leu-enkephalin-Arg(6) (LARG), and Met-enkephalin-Arg(6)-Phe(7) (MEAP) were measured by radioimmunoassay in rat hypothalamus, striatum (STR), and cingulate cortex (CCX). Also, simplified extraction protocols for stabilized tissue were tested. Stabilization affected all peptide levels to varying degrees compared to those prepared by standard dissection and tissue handling procedures. Stabilization increased DYNB in hypothalamus, but not STR or CCX, whereas LARG generally decreased. MEAP increased in hypothalamus after all stabilization procedures, whereas for STR and CCX, the effect was dependent on the time point for stabilization. The efficacy of stabilization allowed samples to be left for 2 hours in room temperature (20°C) without changes in peptide levels. This study shows that conductive heat transfer is an easy-to-use and efficient procedure for the preservation of the molecular composition in biological samples. Region- and peptide-specific critical steps were identified and stabilization enabled the optimization of tissue handling and opioid peptide analysis. The result is improved diagnostic and research value of the samples with great benefits for basic research and clinical work.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus