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Astrocytes contribute to synapse elimination via type 2 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor-dependent release of ATP.

Yang J, Yang H, Liu Y, Li X, Qin L, Lou H, Duan S, Wang H - Elife (2016)

Bottom Line: Selective elimination of unwanted synapses is vital for the precise formation of neuronal circuits during development, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear.Interestingly, intracerebroventricular injection of ATP, but not adenosine, rescued the deficit in synapse elimination in Itpr2(-/-) mice.Our results uncovered a novel mechanism suggesting that astrocytes release ATP in an IP3R2-dependent manner to regulate synapse elimination.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Neurobiology, Key Laboratory of Medical Neurobiology of Ministry of Health of China, Key Laboratory of Neurobiology, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China.

ABSTRACT
Selective elimination of unwanted synapses is vital for the precise formation of neuronal circuits during development, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Using inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor type 2 knockout (Itpr2(-/-)) mice to specifically disturb somatic Ca(2+) signaling in astrocytes, we showed that developmental elimination of the ventral posteromedial nucleus relay synapse was impaired. Interestingly, intracerebroventricular injection of ATP, but not adenosine, rescued the deficit in synapse elimination in Itpr2(-/-) mice. Further studies showed that developmental synapse elimination was also impaired in P2ry1(-/-) mice and was not rescued by ATP, indicating a possible role of purinergic signaling. This hypothesis was confirmed by MRS-2365, a selective P2Y1 agonist, could also rescue the deficient of synapse elimination in Itpr2(-/-) mice. Our results uncovered a novel mechanism suggesting that astrocytes release ATP in an IP3R2-dependent manner to regulate synapse elimination.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.15043.019
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fig8: DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.15043.019


Astrocytes contribute to synapse elimination via type 2 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor-dependent release of ATP.

Yang J, Yang H, Liu Y, Li X, Qin L, Lou H, Duan S, Wang H - Elife (2016)

DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.15043.019
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4829431&req=5

fig8: DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.15043.019
Bottom Line: Selective elimination of unwanted synapses is vital for the precise formation of neuronal circuits during development, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear.Interestingly, intracerebroventricular injection of ATP, but not adenosine, rescued the deficit in synapse elimination in Itpr2(-/-) mice.Our results uncovered a novel mechanism suggesting that astrocytes release ATP in an IP3R2-dependent manner to regulate synapse elimination.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Neurobiology, Key Laboratory of Medical Neurobiology of Ministry of Health of China, Key Laboratory of Neurobiology, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China.

ABSTRACT
Selective elimination of unwanted synapses is vital for the precise formation of neuronal circuits during development, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Using inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor type 2 knockout (Itpr2(-/-)) mice to specifically disturb somatic Ca(2+) signaling in astrocytes, we showed that developmental elimination of the ventral posteromedial nucleus relay synapse was impaired. Interestingly, intracerebroventricular injection of ATP, but not adenosine, rescued the deficit in synapse elimination in Itpr2(-/-) mice. Further studies showed that developmental synapse elimination was also impaired in P2ry1(-/-) mice and was not rescued by ATP, indicating a possible role of purinergic signaling. This hypothesis was confirmed by MRS-2365, a selective P2Y1 agonist, could also rescue the deficient of synapse elimination in Itpr2(-/-) mice. Our results uncovered a novel mechanism suggesting that astrocytes release ATP in an IP3R2-dependent manner to regulate synapse elimination.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus