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Clinical profile and functional disability of patients with migraine.

Renjith V, Pai MS, Castelino F, Pai A, George A - J Neurosci Rural Pract (2016 Apr-Jun)

Bottom Line: There was a female preponderance with 70% of study participants being females.The various symptoms experienced by patients include throbbing pain (90%), photophobia (93.3%), phonophobia (85%), nausea (76.7%), and vomiting (41.7%).Most of the subjects (73.3%) under the study belonged to moderate to severe levels of functional disability.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Manipal College of Nursing, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Migraine is a common disabling primary headache disorder. Globally, migraine was ranked as the seventh highest cause of disability.

Aim: The aim of the study was to explore the clinical profile and functional disability of patients with migraine.

Settings and design: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at the neurology outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital in Karnataka.

Materials and methods: Using a consecutive sampling technique, 60 patients were recruited for the study. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data.

Results: Majority of the participants were in the age group of 18-40 years with a mean age 35.22 years. There was a female preponderance with 70% of study participants being females. The various symptoms experienced by patients include throbbing pain (90%), photophobia (93.3%), phonophobia (85%), nausea (76.7%), and vomiting (41.7%). Most of the subjects (73.3%) under the study belonged to moderate to severe levels of functional disability. About 53.3% of patients were in the category of episodic migraine and 46.7% were in the category of chronic migraine.

Conclusion: Migraine is associated with moderate to severe functional disability. Frequency of migraine has a positive correlation with the levels of disability/migraine disability assessment scores of migraineurs.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Box and Whiskers plot on pain score of migraineurs (n = 60)
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Figure 4: Box and Whiskers plot on pain score of migraineurs (n = 60)

Mentions: Pain intensity was assessed using the last item of MIDAS test. The pain scores ranged from 4 to 10 on a 10-point numerical pain scale. The mean (standard deviation [SD]) pain score was 7.75 (1.71) (95% CI, 7.31–8.19), which denotes that migraine often results in high-intensity pain [Table 3]. Figure 4 represents the pain score of migraineurs.


Clinical profile and functional disability of patients with migraine.

Renjith V, Pai MS, Castelino F, Pai A, George A - J Neurosci Rural Pract (2016 Apr-Jun)

Box and Whiskers plot on pain score of migraineurs (n = 60)
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4821934&req=5

Figure 4: Box and Whiskers plot on pain score of migraineurs (n = 60)
Mentions: Pain intensity was assessed using the last item of MIDAS test. The pain scores ranged from 4 to 10 on a 10-point numerical pain scale. The mean (standard deviation [SD]) pain score was 7.75 (1.71) (95% CI, 7.31–8.19), which denotes that migraine often results in high-intensity pain [Table 3]. Figure 4 represents the pain score of migraineurs.

Bottom Line: There was a female preponderance with 70% of study participants being females.The various symptoms experienced by patients include throbbing pain (90%), photophobia (93.3%), phonophobia (85%), nausea (76.7%), and vomiting (41.7%).Most of the subjects (73.3%) under the study belonged to moderate to severe levels of functional disability.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Manipal College of Nursing, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Migraine is a common disabling primary headache disorder. Globally, migraine was ranked as the seventh highest cause of disability.

Aim: The aim of the study was to explore the clinical profile and functional disability of patients with migraine.

Settings and design: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at the neurology outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital in Karnataka.

Materials and methods: Using a consecutive sampling technique, 60 patients were recruited for the study. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data.

Results: Majority of the participants were in the age group of 18-40 years with a mean age 35.22 years. There was a female preponderance with 70% of study participants being females. The various symptoms experienced by patients include throbbing pain (90%), photophobia (93.3%), phonophobia (85%), nausea (76.7%), and vomiting (41.7%). Most of the subjects (73.3%) under the study belonged to moderate to severe levels of functional disability. About 53.3% of patients were in the category of episodic migraine and 46.7% were in the category of chronic migraine.

Conclusion: Migraine is associated with moderate to severe functional disability. Frequency of migraine has a positive correlation with the levels of disability/migraine disability assessment scores of migraineurs.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus