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Clinical profile and functional disability of patients with migraine.

Renjith V, Pai MS, Castelino F, Pai A, George A - J Neurosci Rural Pract (2016 Apr-Jun)

Bottom Line: There was a female preponderance with 70% of study participants being females.The various symptoms experienced by patients include throbbing pain (90%), photophobia (93.3%), phonophobia (85%), nausea (76.7%), and vomiting (41.7%).Most of the subjects (73.3%) under the study belonged to moderate to severe levels of functional disability.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Manipal College of Nursing, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Migraine is a common disabling primary headache disorder. Globally, migraine was ranked as the seventh highest cause of disability.

Aim: The aim of the study was to explore the clinical profile and functional disability of patients with migraine.

Settings and design: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at the neurology outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital in Karnataka.

Materials and methods: Using a consecutive sampling technique, 60 patients were recruited for the study. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data.

Results: Majority of the participants were in the age group of 18-40 years with a mean age 35.22 years. There was a female preponderance with 70% of study participants being females. The various symptoms experienced by patients include throbbing pain (90%), photophobia (93.3%), phonophobia (85%), nausea (76.7%), and vomiting (41.7%). Most of the subjects (73.3%) under the study belonged to moderate to severe levels of functional disability. About 53.3% of patients were in the category of episodic migraine and 46.7% were in the category of chronic migraine.

Conclusion: Migraine is associated with moderate to severe functional disability. Frequency of migraine has a positive correlation with the levels of disability/migraine disability assessment scores of migraineurs.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Pie diagram on the type of migraine
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Figure 1: Pie diagram on the type of migraine

Mentions: To have a better understanding on the frequency of attacks, migraineurs were categorized as cases of episodic and chronic migraine (CM). Migraineurs who have 0–14 headache days per month are categorized as episodic migraine (EM) whereas those with 15 or more days per month are categorized as CM.[17] Frequency and percentage analysis showed that 32 (53.3%) of subjects were having EM and 28 (46.7%) were having CM [Figure 1].


Clinical profile and functional disability of patients with migraine.

Renjith V, Pai MS, Castelino F, Pai A, George A - J Neurosci Rural Pract (2016 Apr-Jun)

Pie diagram on the type of migraine
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4821934&req=5

Figure 1: Pie diagram on the type of migraine
Mentions: To have a better understanding on the frequency of attacks, migraineurs were categorized as cases of episodic and chronic migraine (CM). Migraineurs who have 0–14 headache days per month are categorized as episodic migraine (EM) whereas those with 15 or more days per month are categorized as CM.[17] Frequency and percentage analysis showed that 32 (53.3%) of subjects were having EM and 28 (46.7%) were having CM [Figure 1].

Bottom Line: There was a female preponderance with 70% of study participants being females.The various symptoms experienced by patients include throbbing pain (90%), photophobia (93.3%), phonophobia (85%), nausea (76.7%), and vomiting (41.7%).Most of the subjects (73.3%) under the study belonged to moderate to severe levels of functional disability.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Manipal College of Nursing, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Migraine is a common disabling primary headache disorder. Globally, migraine was ranked as the seventh highest cause of disability.

Aim: The aim of the study was to explore the clinical profile and functional disability of patients with migraine.

Settings and design: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at the neurology outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital in Karnataka.

Materials and methods: Using a consecutive sampling technique, 60 patients were recruited for the study. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data.

Results: Majority of the participants were in the age group of 18-40 years with a mean age 35.22 years. There was a female preponderance with 70% of study participants being females. The various symptoms experienced by patients include throbbing pain (90%), photophobia (93.3%), phonophobia (85%), nausea (76.7%), and vomiting (41.7%). Most of the subjects (73.3%) under the study belonged to moderate to severe levels of functional disability. About 53.3% of patients were in the category of episodic migraine and 46.7% were in the category of chronic migraine.

Conclusion: Migraine is associated with moderate to severe functional disability. Frequency of migraine has a positive correlation with the levels of disability/migraine disability assessment scores of migraineurs.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus