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Novel polymer micelle mediated co-delivery of doxorubicin and P-glycoprotein siRNA for reversal of multidrug resistance and synergistic tumor therapy.

Zhang CG, Zhu WJ, Liu Y, Yuan ZQ, Yang SD, Chen WL, Li JZ, Zhou XF, Liu C, Zhang XN - Sci Rep (2016)

Bottom Line: In this study, a triblock copolymer micelle was prepared based on the polymer of N-succinyl chitosan-poly-L-lysine-palmitic acid (NSC-PLL-PA) to co-deliver doxorubicin (Dox) and siRNA-P-glycoprotein (P-gp) (Dox-siRNA-micelle).Dox-siRNA-micelle was unstable in pH 5.3 medium than in pH 7.4 medium, which corresponded with the in vitro rapid release of Dox and siRNA in acidic environments.The antitumor efficacy of Dox-siRNA-micelle in vitro significantly increased, especially in HepG2/ADM cells, which was due to the downregulation of P-gp.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, People's Republic of China.

ABSTRACT
Co-delivery of chemotherapeutics and siRNA with different mechanisms in a single system is a promising strategy for effective cancer therapy with synergistic effects. In this study, a triblock copolymer micelle was prepared based on the polymer of N-succinyl chitosan-poly-L-lysine-palmitic acid (NSC-PLL-PA) to co-deliver doxorubicin (Dox) and siRNA-P-glycoprotein (P-gp) (Dox-siRNA-micelle). Dox-siRNA-micelle was unstable in pH 5.3 medium than in pH 7.4 medium, which corresponded with the in vitro rapid release of Dox and siRNA in acidic environments. The antitumor efficacy of Dox-siRNA-micelle in vitro significantly increased, especially in HepG2/ADM cells, which was due to the downregulation of P-gp. Moreover, almost all the Dox-siRNA-micelles accumulated in the tumor region beyond 24 h post-injection, and the co-delivery system significantly inhibited tumor growth with synergistic effects in vivo. This study demonstrated the effectiveness of Dox-siRNA-micelles in tumor-targeting and MDR reversal, and provided a promising strategy to develop a co-delivery system with synergistic effects for combined cancer therapy.

No MeSH data available.


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Schematic illustrating the mechanism of micelles for tumor-targeted delivery and synergistic tumor therapy.
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f1: Schematic illustrating the mechanism of micelles for tumor-targeted delivery and synergistic tumor therapy.

Mentions: Although delivery systems carrying either chemotherapeutics or siRNA are effective in the co-treatment of cancer25262728, the combination of siRNA-based therapy with traditional chemotherapy in the same delivery system is more beneficial29. In the present study, we developed a co-delivery system based on the polymer of N-succinyl chitosan–PLL–palmitic acid (NSC–PLL–PA). NSC, the hydrophilic shell, was designed to increase the half-life of micelle and decrease the toxicity of PLL. PLL, the cationic backbone, was expected to electrostaticaly absorb the negatively charged siRNA. PA, the hydrophobic core, was used to encapsulate Dox. The triblock polymer micelle co-delivering Dox and siRNA (Dox–siRNA-micelle) was designed to downregulate P-gp expression, overcome MDR, and exert synergistic therapeutic effects (Fig. 1). The properties of micelles were characterized, and the ability to simultaneously deliver Dox and siRNA-P-gp was examined. Cellular uptake and subcellular localization characteristics were also investigated, and their tumor-targeting, antitumor, and antidrug-resistance properties were further confirmed.


Novel polymer micelle mediated co-delivery of doxorubicin and P-glycoprotein siRNA for reversal of multidrug resistance and synergistic tumor therapy.

Zhang CG, Zhu WJ, Liu Y, Yuan ZQ, Yang SD, Chen WL, Li JZ, Zhou XF, Liu C, Zhang XN - Sci Rep (2016)

Schematic illustrating the mechanism of micelles for tumor-targeted delivery and synergistic tumor therapy.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4814909&req=5

f1: Schematic illustrating the mechanism of micelles for tumor-targeted delivery and synergistic tumor therapy.
Mentions: Although delivery systems carrying either chemotherapeutics or siRNA are effective in the co-treatment of cancer25262728, the combination of siRNA-based therapy with traditional chemotherapy in the same delivery system is more beneficial29. In the present study, we developed a co-delivery system based on the polymer of N-succinyl chitosan–PLL–palmitic acid (NSC–PLL–PA). NSC, the hydrophilic shell, was designed to increase the half-life of micelle and decrease the toxicity of PLL. PLL, the cationic backbone, was expected to electrostaticaly absorb the negatively charged siRNA. PA, the hydrophobic core, was used to encapsulate Dox. The triblock polymer micelle co-delivering Dox and siRNA (Dox–siRNA-micelle) was designed to downregulate P-gp expression, overcome MDR, and exert synergistic therapeutic effects (Fig. 1). The properties of micelles were characterized, and the ability to simultaneously deliver Dox and siRNA-P-gp was examined. Cellular uptake and subcellular localization characteristics were also investigated, and their tumor-targeting, antitumor, and antidrug-resistance properties were further confirmed.

Bottom Line: In this study, a triblock copolymer micelle was prepared based on the polymer of N-succinyl chitosan-poly-L-lysine-palmitic acid (NSC-PLL-PA) to co-deliver doxorubicin (Dox) and siRNA-P-glycoprotein (P-gp) (Dox-siRNA-micelle).Dox-siRNA-micelle was unstable in pH 5.3 medium than in pH 7.4 medium, which corresponded with the in vitro rapid release of Dox and siRNA in acidic environments.The antitumor efficacy of Dox-siRNA-micelle in vitro significantly increased, especially in HepG2/ADM cells, which was due to the downregulation of P-gp.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, People's Republic of China.

ABSTRACT
Co-delivery of chemotherapeutics and siRNA with different mechanisms in a single system is a promising strategy for effective cancer therapy with synergistic effects. In this study, a triblock copolymer micelle was prepared based on the polymer of N-succinyl chitosan-poly-L-lysine-palmitic acid (NSC-PLL-PA) to co-deliver doxorubicin (Dox) and siRNA-P-glycoprotein (P-gp) (Dox-siRNA-micelle). Dox-siRNA-micelle was unstable in pH 5.3 medium than in pH 7.4 medium, which corresponded with the in vitro rapid release of Dox and siRNA in acidic environments. The antitumor efficacy of Dox-siRNA-micelle in vitro significantly increased, especially in HepG2/ADM cells, which was due to the downregulation of P-gp. Moreover, almost all the Dox-siRNA-micelles accumulated in the tumor region beyond 24 h post-injection, and the co-delivery system significantly inhibited tumor growth with synergistic effects in vivo. This study demonstrated the effectiveness of Dox-siRNA-micelles in tumor-targeting and MDR reversal, and provided a promising strategy to develop a co-delivery system with synergistic effects for combined cancer therapy.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus