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Differential Activation of the Wheat SnRK2 Family by Abiotic Stresses.

Zhang H, Li W, Mao X, Jing R, Jia H - Front Plant Sci (2016)

Bottom Line: We further demonstrate the physical and functional interaction between TaSnRK2s and a typical group A PP2C (TaABI1) using Y2H and BiFC assays.The results showed that TaABI1 interacted physically with subclass III TaSnRK2s, while having no interaction with subclasses I and II TaSnRK2s.Together, these findings indicated that subclass III TaSnRK2s were involved in ABA regulated stress responses, whereas subclasses I and II TaSnRK2s responded to various abiotic stressors in an ABA-independent manner.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Key Laboratory for Cultivation of Tobacco Industry, College of Tobacco Science, Henan Agricultural University Zhengzhou, China.

ABSTRACT
Plant responses to stress occur via abscisic acid (ABA) dependent or independent pathways. Sucrose non-fermenting1-related protein kinase 2 (SnRK2) play a key role in plant stress signal transduction pathways. It is known that some SnRK2 members are positive regulators of ABA signal transduction through interaction with group A type 2C protein phosphatases (PP2Cs). Here, 10 SnRK2s were isolated from wheat. Based on phylogenetic analysis using kinase domains or the C-terminus, the 10 SnRK2s were divided into three subclasses. Expression pattern analysis revealed that all TaSnRK2s were involved in the responses to PEG, NaCl, and cold stress. TaSnRK2s in subclass III were strongly induced by ABA. Subclass II TaSnRK2s responded weakly to ABA, whereas TaSnRK2s in subclass I were not activated by ABA treatment. Motif scanning in the C-terminus indicated that motifs 4 and 5 in the C-terminus were unique to subclass III. We further demonstrate the physical and functional interaction between TaSnRK2s and a typical group A PP2C (TaABI1) using Y2H and BiFC assays. The results showed that TaABI1 interacted physically with subclass III TaSnRK2s, while having no interaction with subclasses I and II TaSnRK2s. Together, these findings indicated that subclass III TaSnRK2s were involved in ABA regulated stress responses, whereas subclasses I and II TaSnRK2s responded to various abiotic stressors in an ABA-independent manner.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Expression patterns of TaSnRK2s in response to ABA, PEG, NaCl, and cold treatments.Tubulin was used as an internal control. The expression of TaSnRK2s at 0 h was regarded as the standard. Values are mean ± SD (n = 3).
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Figure 3: Expression patterns of TaSnRK2s in response to ABA, PEG, NaCl, and cold treatments.Tubulin was used as an internal control. The expression of TaSnRK2s at 0 h was regarded as the standard. Values are mean ± SD (n = 3).

Mentions: The expression of the 10 TaSnRK2s was detected by qRT-PCR (Figure 3). Different expression patterns of different members were observed under ABA, water deficit, salt and low temperature stress. In general, ABA treatment showed the weakest stress response among the four treatments. The transcripts of TaSnRK2s in subclass III were induced strongly, TaSnRK2s in subclass II induced weakly, whereas TaSnRK2s in subclass I were not activated by ABA treatment.


Differential Activation of the Wheat SnRK2 Family by Abiotic Stresses.

Zhang H, Li W, Mao X, Jing R, Jia H - Front Plant Sci (2016)

Expression patterns of TaSnRK2s in response to ABA, PEG, NaCl, and cold treatments.Tubulin was used as an internal control. The expression of TaSnRK2s at 0 h was regarded as the standard. Values are mean ± SD (n = 3).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4814551&req=5

Figure 3: Expression patterns of TaSnRK2s in response to ABA, PEG, NaCl, and cold treatments.Tubulin was used as an internal control. The expression of TaSnRK2s at 0 h was regarded as the standard. Values are mean ± SD (n = 3).
Mentions: The expression of the 10 TaSnRK2s was detected by qRT-PCR (Figure 3). Different expression patterns of different members were observed under ABA, water deficit, salt and low temperature stress. In general, ABA treatment showed the weakest stress response among the four treatments. The transcripts of TaSnRK2s in subclass III were induced strongly, TaSnRK2s in subclass II induced weakly, whereas TaSnRK2s in subclass I were not activated by ABA treatment.

Bottom Line: We further demonstrate the physical and functional interaction between TaSnRK2s and a typical group A PP2C (TaABI1) using Y2H and BiFC assays.The results showed that TaABI1 interacted physically with subclass III TaSnRK2s, while having no interaction with subclasses I and II TaSnRK2s.Together, these findings indicated that subclass III TaSnRK2s were involved in ABA regulated stress responses, whereas subclasses I and II TaSnRK2s responded to various abiotic stressors in an ABA-independent manner.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Key Laboratory for Cultivation of Tobacco Industry, College of Tobacco Science, Henan Agricultural University Zhengzhou, China.

ABSTRACT
Plant responses to stress occur via abscisic acid (ABA) dependent or independent pathways. Sucrose non-fermenting1-related protein kinase 2 (SnRK2) play a key role in plant stress signal transduction pathways. It is known that some SnRK2 members are positive regulators of ABA signal transduction through interaction with group A type 2C protein phosphatases (PP2Cs). Here, 10 SnRK2s were isolated from wheat. Based on phylogenetic analysis using kinase domains or the C-terminus, the 10 SnRK2s were divided into three subclasses. Expression pattern analysis revealed that all TaSnRK2s were involved in the responses to PEG, NaCl, and cold stress. TaSnRK2s in subclass III were strongly induced by ABA. Subclass II TaSnRK2s responded weakly to ABA, whereas TaSnRK2s in subclass I were not activated by ABA treatment. Motif scanning in the C-terminus indicated that motifs 4 and 5 in the C-terminus were unique to subclass III. We further demonstrate the physical and functional interaction between TaSnRK2s and a typical group A PP2C (TaABI1) using Y2H and BiFC assays. The results showed that TaABI1 interacted physically with subclass III TaSnRK2s, while having no interaction with subclasses I and II TaSnRK2s. Together, these findings indicated that subclass III TaSnRK2s were involved in ABA regulated stress responses, whereas subclasses I and II TaSnRK2s responded to various abiotic stressors in an ABA-independent manner.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus