Limits...
Extending the Transdiagnostic Model of Attachment and Psychopathology.

Ein-Dor T, Viglin D, Doron G - Front Psychol (2016)

Bottom Line: Research has suggested that high levels of attachment insecurities that are formed through interactions with significant others are associated with a general vulnerability to mental disorders.In the present paper, we extend Ein-Dor and Doron's (2015) transdiagnostic model linking attachment orientations with internalizing and externalizing symptoms, to include thought disorder spectrum symptoms.Specifically, we speculate on the processes that mediate the linkage between attachment insecurities and psychosis and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms, and indicate the different contexts that might set a trajectory of one individual to one set of symptoms while another individual to a different set of symptoms.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Psychology, Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya Herzliya, Israel.

ABSTRACT
Research has suggested that high levels of attachment insecurities that are formed through interactions with significant others are associated with a general vulnerability to mental disorders. In the present paper, we extend Ein-Dor and Doron's (2015) transdiagnostic model linking attachment orientations with internalizing and externalizing symptoms, to include thought disorder spectrum symptoms. Specifically, we speculate on the processes that mediate the linkage between attachment insecurities and psychosis and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms, and indicate the different contexts that might set a trajectory of one individual to one set of symptoms while another individual to a different set of symptoms.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

In this transdiagnostic model, attachment dispositions serve as distal risk factors for multiple psychopathological disorders. Each disposition affects a triad of proximal risk factors, which mediate the effect of attachment anxiety and avoidance on psychopathology. Specific moderators determine the divergent trajectories that individuals high on the proximal risk factors may take.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4814492&req=5

Figure 1: In this transdiagnostic model, attachment dispositions serve as distal risk factors for multiple psychopathological disorders. Each disposition affects a triad of proximal risk factors, which mediate the effect of attachment anxiety and avoidance on psychopathology. Specific moderators determine the divergent trajectories that individuals high on the proximal risk factors may take.

Mentions: The moderators in Ein-Dor and Doron’s (2015) transdiagnostic model determine what particular symptoms proximal transdiagnostic risk factors will lead to in a given individual. Moderators create symptoms by (a) raising concerns or themes that proximal risk factors then act upon, (b) shaping responses through conditioning, or (c) determining the reinforcement value of certain stimuli (Nolen-Hoeksema and Watkins, 2011). For example, one possible moderator is chronic mild-to-moderate threatening environment (e.g., living in a rough neighborhood, facing a constant but mild political violence, or living under prolonged family related conflicts). In such an environment, emotions of fear and anxiety often arise (LeDoux, 2000). The tendency of people high on attachment anxiety to be emotionally overreactive and hyperattentive to threats would exacerbate and maintain these feelings of anxiety and fear. At the same time, their low perceived others responsiveness would hinder an effective alleviation of these feelings by the aid of supportive others. As a result, the likelihood of developing an anxiety disorder may increase. In contrast, the cognitive and emotional distancing strategies of people high on attachment avoidance may shield them from mild-to-moderate feelings of anxiety and fear, and, therefore, reduce the likelihood of developing anxiety-based disorders under such chronic mild-to-moderate threatening environment. We believe that Ein-Dor and Doron’s (2015) model may also be extended to include thought-disorder-spectrum-related symptoms. The extended model is presented in Figure 1.


Extending the Transdiagnostic Model of Attachment and Psychopathology.

Ein-Dor T, Viglin D, Doron G - Front Psychol (2016)

In this transdiagnostic model, attachment dispositions serve as distal risk factors for multiple psychopathological disorders. Each disposition affects a triad of proximal risk factors, which mediate the effect of attachment anxiety and avoidance on psychopathology. Specific moderators determine the divergent trajectories that individuals high on the proximal risk factors may take.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4814492&req=5

Figure 1: In this transdiagnostic model, attachment dispositions serve as distal risk factors for multiple psychopathological disorders. Each disposition affects a triad of proximal risk factors, which mediate the effect of attachment anxiety and avoidance on psychopathology. Specific moderators determine the divergent trajectories that individuals high on the proximal risk factors may take.
Mentions: The moderators in Ein-Dor and Doron’s (2015) transdiagnostic model determine what particular symptoms proximal transdiagnostic risk factors will lead to in a given individual. Moderators create symptoms by (a) raising concerns or themes that proximal risk factors then act upon, (b) shaping responses through conditioning, or (c) determining the reinforcement value of certain stimuli (Nolen-Hoeksema and Watkins, 2011). For example, one possible moderator is chronic mild-to-moderate threatening environment (e.g., living in a rough neighborhood, facing a constant but mild political violence, or living under prolonged family related conflicts). In such an environment, emotions of fear and anxiety often arise (LeDoux, 2000). The tendency of people high on attachment anxiety to be emotionally overreactive and hyperattentive to threats would exacerbate and maintain these feelings of anxiety and fear. At the same time, their low perceived others responsiveness would hinder an effective alleviation of these feelings by the aid of supportive others. As a result, the likelihood of developing an anxiety disorder may increase. In contrast, the cognitive and emotional distancing strategies of people high on attachment avoidance may shield them from mild-to-moderate feelings of anxiety and fear, and, therefore, reduce the likelihood of developing anxiety-based disorders under such chronic mild-to-moderate threatening environment. We believe that Ein-Dor and Doron’s (2015) model may also be extended to include thought-disorder-spectrum-related symptoms. The extended model is presented in Figure 1.

Bottom Line: Research has suggested that high levels of attachment insecurities that are formed through interactions with significant others are associated with a general vulnerability to mental disorders.In the present paper, we extend Ein-Dor and Doron's (2015) transdiagnostic model linking attachment orientations with internalizing and externalizing symptoms, to include thought disorder spectrum symptoms.Specifically, we speculate on the processes that mediate the linkage between attachment insecurities and psychosis and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms, and indicate the different contexts that might set a trajectory of one individual to one set of symptoms while another individual to a different set of symptoms.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Psychology, Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya Herzliya, Israel.

ABSTRACT
Research has suggested that high levels of attachment insecurities that are formed through interactions with significant others are associated with a general vulnerability to mental disorders. In the present paper, we extend Ein-Dor and Doron's (2015) transdiagnostic model linking attachment orientations with internalizing and externalizing symptoms, to include thought disorder spectrum symptoms. Specifically, we speculate on the processes that mediate the linkage between attachment insecurities and psychosis and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms, and indicate the different contexts that might set a trajectory of one individual to one set of symptoms while another individual to a different set of symptoms.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus