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Factors Related to Social Support in Neurological and Mental Disorders.

Kamenov K, Cabello M, Caballero FF, Cieza A, Sabariego C, Raggi A, Anczewska M, Pitkänen T, Ayuso-Mateos JL - PLoS ONE (2016)

Bottom Line: Extraversion and agreeableness were significant personality variables, but when the interaction terms between personality traits and disability were included, disability remained the only significant variable.Moreover, level of disability mediated the relationship between personality (extraversion and agreeableness) and level of social support.Unlike previous literature, focused on increasing social support as the origin of improving disability, this study suggested that interventions improving day-to-day functioning or maladaptive personality styles might also have an effect on the way people perceive social support.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Centro Investigación Biomédica en Red, CIBER, Madrid, Spain.

ABSTRACT
Despite the huge body of research on social support, literature has been primarily focused on its beneficial role for both physical and mental health. It is still unclear why people with mental and neurological disorders experience low levels of social support. The main objective of this study was to explore what are the strongest factors related to social support and how do they interact with each other in neuropsychiatric disorders. The study used cross-sectional data from 722 persons suffering from dementia, depression, epilepsy, migraine, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, stroke, and substance use disorders. Multiple linear regressions showed that disability was the strongest factor for social support. Extraversion and agreeableness were significant personality variables, but when the interaction terms between personality traits and disability were included, disability remained the only significant variable. Moreover, level of disability mediated the relationship between personality (extraversion and agreeableness) and level of social support. Moderation analysis revealed that people that had mental disorders experienced lower levels of support when being highly disabled compared to people with neurological disorders. Unlike previous literature, focused on increasing social support as the origin of improving disability, this study suggested that interventions improving day-to-day functioning or maladaptive personality styles might also have an effect on the way people perceive social support. Future longitudinal research, however, is warranted to explore causality.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Simple slopes of disability predicting social support for people with mental and neurological health conditions.
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pone.0149356.g003: Simple slopes of disability predicting social support for people with mental and neurological health conditions.

Mentions: Health condition (mental and neurological) was examined as a moderator in the relation between disability and social support. The analysis revealed that it was a significant determinant (interaction effect: ß = .13, p = .05). Thus, although higher disability levels were related to lower social support in both groups of health condition, higher levels of disability still decreased the social support in people with mental problems more than in individuals suffering from neurological diseases. Fig 3 shows the simple slopes of the mental and neurological conditions. Both were significantly different from zero (simple slope associated to mental health condition = -0.03, t = -5.30, p < .001; simple slope associated to neurological health condition = -0.02, t = -2.91, p = .004).


Factors Related to Social Support in Neurological and Mental Disorders.

Kamenov K, Cabello M, Caballero FF, Cieza A, Sabariego C, Raggi A, Anczewska M, Pitkänen T, Ayuso-Mateos JL - PLoS ONE (2016)

Simple slopes of disability predicting social support for people with mental and neurological health conditions.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4764676&req=5

pone.0149356.g003: Simple slopes of disability predicting social support for people with mental and neurological health conditions.
Mentions: Health condition (mental and neurological) was examined as a moderator in the relation between disability and social support. The analysis revealed that it was a significant determinant (interaction effect: ß = .13, p = .05). Thus, although higher disability levels were related to lower social support in both groups of health condition, higher levels of disability still decreased the social support in people with mental problems more than in individuals suffering from neurological diseases. Fig 3 shows the simple slopes of the mental and neurological conditions. Both were significantly different from zero (simple slope associated to mental health condition = -0.03, t = -5.30, p < .001; simple slope associated to neurological health condition = -0.02, t = -2.91, p = .004).

Bottom Line: Extraversion and agreeableness were significant personality variables, but when the interaction terms between personality traits and disability were included, disability remained the only significant variable.Moreover, level of disability mediated the relationship between personality (extraversion and agreeableness) and level of social support.Unlike previous literature, focused on increasing social support as the origin of improving disability, this study suggested that interventions improving day-to-day functioning or maladaptive personality styles might also have an effect on the way people perceive social support.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Centro Investigación Biomédica en Red, CIBER, Madrid, Spain.

ABSTRACT
Despite the huge body of research on social support, literature has been primarily focused on its beneficial role for both physical and mental health. It is still unclear why people with mental and neurological disorders experience low levels of social support. The main objective of this study was to explore what are the strongest factors related to social support and how do they interact with each other in neuropsychiatric disorders. The study used cross-sectional data from 722 persons suffering from dementia, depression, epilepsy, migraine, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, stroke, and substance use disorders. Multiple linear regressions showed that disability was the strongest factor for social support. Extraversion and agreeableness were significant personality variables, but when the interaction terms between personality traits and disability were included, disability remained the only significant variable. Moreover, level of disability mediated the relationship between personality (extraversion and agreeableness) and level of social support. Moderation analysis revealed that people that had mental disorders experienced lower levels of support when being highly disabled compared to people with neurological disorders. Unlike previous literature, focused on increasing social support as the origin of improving disability, this study suggested that interventions improving day-to-day functioning or maladaptive personality styles might also have an effect on the way people perceive social support. Future longitudinal research, however, is warranted to explore causality.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus