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Lossless Airy Surface Polaritons in a Metamaterial via Active Raman Gain.

Zhang Q, Tan C, Huang G - Sci Rep (2016)

Bottom Line: By using the ARG from the quantum emitters and the destructive interference effect between the electric and magnetic responses from the NIMM, we show that not only the Ohmic loss of the NIMM but also the light absorption of the quantum emitters can be completely eliminated.As a result, non-diffractive Airy SPs may propagate for very long distance without attenuation.We also show that the Kerr nonlinearity of the system can be largely enhanced due to the introduction of the quantum emitters and hence lossless Airy surface polaritonic solitons with very low power can be generated in the system.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy and Department of Physics, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China.

ABSTRACT
We propose a scheme to realize a lossless propagation of linear and nonlinear Airy surface polaritons (SPs) via active Raman gain (ARG). The system we suggest is a planar interface superposed by a negative index metamaterial (NIMM) and a dielectric, where three-level quantum emitters are doped. By using the ARG from the quantum emitters and the destructive interference effect between the electric and magnetic responses from the NIMM, we show that not only the Ohmic loss of the NIMM but also the light absorption of the quantum emitters can be completely eliminated. As a result, non-diffractive Airy SPs may propagate for very long distance without attenuation. We also show that the Kerr nonlinearity of the system can be largely enhanced due to the introduction of the quantum emitters and hence lossless Airy surface polaritonic solitons with very low power can be generated in the system.

No MeSH data available.


Linear lossless Airy SPs.(a)  of the finite energy Airy SP propagating upon the NIMM-dielectric interface (i.e. the y-z plane) for ω = ω0. (b)  of the finite energy Airy SP propagating upon a metal-dielectric interface for ω = ω0. (c) Im(f) for the NIMM-dielectric interface as a function of ω−ω0, the green (red) solid circle indicates the particular value of Im(f) at ω−ω0 = 0 . (d)  of the finite energy Airy SP propagating along the NIMM-dielctric interface for  (corresponding the red solid circle in panel (c)).
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f3: Linear lossless Airy SPs.(a) of the finite energy Airy SP propagating upon the NIMM-dielectric interface (i.e. the y-z plane) for ω = ω0. (b) of the finite energy Airy SP propagating upon a metal-dielectric interface for ω = ω0. (c) Im(f) for the NIMM-dielectric interface as a function of ω−ω0, the green (red) solid circle indicates the particular value of Im(f) at ω−ω0 = 0 . (d) of the finite energy Airy SP propagating along the NIMM-dielctric interface for (corresponding the red solid circle in panel (c)).

Mentions: Shown in Fig. 3(a) is the intensity profile of the finite energy Airy SP propagating along the NIMM-dielectric interface (i.e. the y-z plane) for ω = ω0. When plotting the figure, we have chosen a = 0.02 and Ry = 30μm and the other system parameters the same as used above. Figure 3(b) shows the propagation of the intensity profile of the finite energy Airy SP in a similar system where the NIMM is replaced by a metal (i.e. a metal-dielectric interface). We see that the Airy SP undergoes no obvious absorption when propagating upon the NIMM-dielectric interface. In contrast, the Airy SP propagating along the metal-dielectric interface has a significant propagation loss and hence it attenuates very rapidly so that the bending of its motional trajectory cannot even be observed (Fig. 3(b)).


Lossless Airy Surface Polaritons in a Metamaterial via Active Raman Gain.

Zhang Q, Tan C, Huang G - Sci Rep (2016)

Linear lossless Airy SPs.(a)  of the finite energy Airy SP propagating upon the NIMM-dielectric interface (i.e. the y-z plane) for ω = ω0. (b)  of the finite energy Airy SP propagating upon a metal-dielectric interface for ω = ω0. (c) Im(f) for the NIMM-dielectric interface as a function of ω−ω0, the green (red) solid circle indicates the particular value of Im(f) at ω−ω0 = 0 . (d)  of the finite energy Airy SP propagating along the NIMM-dielctric interface for  (corresponding the red solid circle in panel (c)).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4759699&req=5

f3: Linear lossless Airy SPs.(a) of the finite energy Airy SP propagating upon the NIMM-dielectric interface (i.e. the y-z plane) for ω = ω0. (b) of the finite energy Airy SP propagating upon a metal-dielectric interface for ω = ω0. (c) Im(f) for the NIMM-dielectric interface as a function of ω−ω0, the green (red) solid circle indicates the particular value of Im(f) at ω−ω0 = 0 . (d) of the finite energy Airy SP propagating along the NIMM-dielctric interface for (corresponding the red solid circle in panel (c)).
Mentions: Shown in Fig. 3(a) is the intensity profile of the finite energy Airy SP propagating along the NIMM-dielectric interface (i.e. the y-z plane) for ω = ω0. When plotting the figure, we have chosen a = 0.02 and Ry = 30μm and the other system parameters the same as used above. Figure 3(b) shows the propagation of the intensity profile of the finite energy Airy SP in a similar system where the NIMM is replaced by a metal (i.e. a metal-dielectric interface). We see that the Airy SP undergoes no obvious absorption when propagating upon the NIMM-dielectric interface. In contrast, the Airy SP propagating along the metal-dielectric interface has a significant propagation loss and hence it attenuates very rapidly so that the bending of its motional trajectory cannot even be observed (Fig. 3(b)).

Bottom Line: By using the ARG from the quantum emitters and the destructive interference effect between the electric and magnetic responses from the NIMM, we show that not only the Ohmic loss of the NIMM but also the light absorption of the quantum emitters can be completely eliminated.As a result, non-diffractive Airy SPs may propagate for very long distance without attenuation.We also show that the Kerr nonlinearity of the system can be largely enhanced due to the introduction of the quantum emitters and hence lossless Airy surface polaritonic solitons with very low power can be generated in the system.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy and Department of Physics, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China.

ABSTRACT
We propose a scheme to realize a lossless propagation of linear and nonlinear Airy surface polaritons (SPs) via active Raman gain (ARG). The system we suggest is a planar interface superposed by a negative index metamaterial (NIMM) and a dielectric, where three-level quantum emitters are doped. By using the ARG from the quantum emitters and the destructive interference effect between the electric and magnetic responses from the NIMM, we show that not only the Ohmic loss of the NIMM but also the light absorption of the quantum emitters can be completely eliminated. As a result, non-diffractive Airy SPs may propagate for very long distance without attenuation. We also show that the Kerr nonlinearity of the system can be largely enhanced due to the introduction of the quantum emitters and hence lossless Airy surface polaritonic solitons with very low power can be generated in the system.

No MeSH data available.