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Modulation of neural firing through intracellular ATP dynamics governed by energy feedback from the vascular system

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The energy module is a lumped representation of the astrocyte-vessel system; it receives neural firing activity as input and controls intracellular neuronal energy (ATPi) levels as a feedback... The model comprises of a quadratic integrate and fire neuron with a dynamic threshold, Vth, which further depends on the ATPi dynamics... Vth is high during ATPi deficit, making the neuron least excitable and vice versa for high ATPi conditions... The underlying principle of modeling Vth as a function of ATPi is based on the experiments describing the role of KATP channels in governing neural excitability... These channels are ATP-dependent potassium channels and are open when ATPi is low, resulting in a depolarized membrane potential of the neuron during metabolically compromised states such as hypoxia... The production rate of ATPi, εp is a crucial model parameter representing the local vascular activity... A wide range of neural dynamic behaviors: phasic bursting, tonic bursting and continuous spiking are observed by varying εp and external input current Iext... Furthermore, simulation of a network consisting of such energy-dependent neural units (Figure 1A.) depicts that εp could modulate the Local field potential (LFP) frequencies and amplitudes (Figure 1B.)... Interestingly, low frequency LFP dominates under low εp conditions and could represent seizure-like activity observed in epilepsy... Although conventional neuroscience considers unidirectional influences from neurons to small vessels, there have been proposals that highlight the reverse influence from the vessels to the neurons... The proposed 'neuron-energy' unit may be treated as a building-block in large scale models of neurovascular networks.

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A. Implemented network configuration with n (=1000) neurons, i synapses with c (=20%) connectivity. B. Simulated LFP at both high (=10) and low (=3) εp. C. & D. depicts spectrograms for low and high εp, respectively.
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Figure 1: A. Implemented network configuration with n (=1000) neurons, i synapses with c (=20%) connectivity. B. Simulated LFP at both high (=10) and low (=3) εp. C. & D. depicts spectrograms for low and high εp, respectively.

Mentions: The neuron model parameters are adapted to that of mammalian cortical pyramidal neuron [4]. Furthermore, ATPi dynamics are also modeled similar to [4], where ATPi consumption directly depends on neural spiking activity. The production rate of ATPi, εp is a crucial model parameter representing the local vascular activity. A wide range of neural dynamic behaviors: phasic bursting, tonic bursting and continuous spiking are observed by varying εp and external input current Iext. Furthermore, simulation of a network consisting of such energy-dependent neural units (Figure 1A.) depicts that εp could modulate the Local field potential (LFP) frequencies and amplitudes (Figure 1B.). Interestingly, low frequency LFP dominates under low εp conditions and could represent seizure-like activity observed in epilepsy. Although conventional neuroscience considers unidirectional influences from neurons to small vessels, there have been proposals that highlight the reverse influence from the vessels to the neurons [1,2] . The proposed 'neuron-energy' unit may be treated as a building-block in large scale models of neurovascular networks.


Modulation of neural firing through intracellular ATP dynamics governed by energy feedback from the vascular system
A. Implemented network configuration with n (=1000) neurons, i synapses with c (=20%) connectivity. B. Simulated LFP at both high (=10) and low (=3) εp. C. & D. depicts spectrograms for low and high εp, respectively.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4697595&req=5

Figure 1: A. Implemented network configuration with n (=1000) neurons, i synapses with c (=20%) connectivity. B. Simulated LFP at both high (=10) and low (=3) εp. C. & D. depicts spectrograms for low and high εp, respectively.
Mentions: The neuron model parameters are adapted to that of mammalian cortical pyramidal neuron [4]. Furthermore, ATPi dynamics are also modeled similar to [4], where ATPi consumption directly depends on neural spiking activity. The production rate of ATPi, εp is a crucial model parameter representing the local vascular activity. A wide range of neural dynamic behaviors: phasic bursting, tonic bursting and continuous spiking are observed by varying εp and external input current Iext. Furthermore, simulation of a network consisting of such energy-dependent neural units (Figure 1A.) depicts that εp could modulate the Local field potential (LFP) frequencies and amplitudes (Figure 1B.). Interestingly, low frequency LFP dominates under low εp conditions and could represent seizure-like activity observed in epilepsy. Although conventional neuroscience considers unidirectional influences from neurons to small vessels, there have been proposals that highlight the reverse influence from the vessels to the neurons [1,2] . The proposed 'neuron-energy' unit may be treated as a building-block in large scale models of neurovascular networks.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML

AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED EXCERPT
Please rate it.

The energy module is a lumped representation of the astrocyte-vessel system; it receives neural firing activity as input and controls intracellular neuronal energy (ATPi) levels as a feedback... The model comprises of a quadratic integrate and fire neuron with a dynamic threshold, Vth, which further depends on the ATPi dynamics... Vth is high during ATPi deficit, making the neuron least excitable and vice versa for high ATPi conditions... The underlying principle of modeling Vth as a function of ATPi is based on the experiments describing the role of KATP channels in governing neural excitability... These channels are ATP-dependent potassium channels and are open when ATPi is low, resulting in a depolarized membrane potential of the neuron during metabolically compromised states such as hypoxia... The production rate of ATPi, εp is a crucial model parameter representing the local vascular activity... A wide range of neural dynamic behaviors: phasic bursting, tonic bursting and continuous spiking are observed by varying εp and external input current Iext... Furthermore, simulation of a network consisting of such energy-dependent neural units (Figure 1A.) depicts that εp could modulate the Local field potential (LFP) frequencies and amplitudes (Figure 1B.)... Interestingly, low frequency LFP dominates under low εp conditions and could represent seizure-like activity observed in epilepsy... Although conventional neuroscience considers unidirectional influences from neurons to small vessels, there have been proposals that highlight the reverse influence from the vessels to the neurons... The proposed 'neuron-energy' unit may be treated as a building-block in large scale models of neurovascular networks.

No MeSH data available.