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Mode-locking behavior of Izhikevich neurons under periodic external forcing

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The Arnold tongues diagram for a Class 1 Izhikevich neuron driven by an external sinusoidal forcing. This plot represents the mode-locked regions as a function of the amplitude and frequency of this sinusoidal forcing. Each colored region represents a different phase-locked regime in terms of an integer ratio. Here, an n:m ratio means the neuron produces n action potentials in response to every m cycles of the stimulus. For example, for stimulus amplitudes and frequencies corresponding to the yellow region, the neuron exhibits 3:1 mode-locking.
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Figure 1: The Arnold tongues diagram for a Class 1 Izhikevich neuron driven by an external sinusoidal forcing. This plot represents the mode-locked regions as a function of the amplitude and frequency of this sinusoidal forcing. Each colored region represents a different phase-locked regime in terms of an integer ratio. Here, an n:m ratio means the neuron produces n action potentials in response to every m cycles of the stimulus. For example, for stimulus amplitudes and frequencies corresponding to the yellow region, the neuron exhibits 3:1 mode-locking.

Mentions: Many neurons in the auditory system of the brain must encode amplitude variations of a periodic signal. These neurons under periodic stimulation display rich dynamical states including mode-locking and chaotic responses [1]. Periodic stimuli such as sinusoidal waves and amplitude modulated (AM) sounds can lead to various forms of n:m mode-locked states, similar to the mode-locking phenomenon in a LASER resonance cavity. Obtaining Arnold tongues provides useful insight into the organization of mode-locking behavior of neurons under periodic forcing. In this study we obtained the regions of existence of various mode-locked states on the frequency-amplitude plane, which are called Arnold tongues, for Izhikevich neurons (see Figure 1). This study is based on the model for neurons by Izhikevich (2003), which is a reduced model of a Hodgkin-Huxley neuron [2]. This model is much simpler in terms of the dimension of the coupled non-linear differential equations compared to other existing models, but excellent for generating the complex spiking patterns observed in real neurons [3]. Hence we can describe the construction of harmonic and sub-harmonic responses in the early processing stages of the auditory system, such as the auditory nerve and cochlear nucleus.


Mode-locking behavior of Izhikevich neurons under periodic external forcing
The Arnold tongues diagram for a Class 1 Izhikevich neuron driven by an external sinusoidal forcing. This plot represents the mode-locked regions as a function of the amplitude and frequency of this sinusoidal forcing. Each colored region represents a different phase-locked regime in terms of an integer ratio. Here, an n:m ratio means the neuron produces n action potentials in response to every m cycles of the stimulus. For example, for stimulus amplitudes and frequencies corresponding to the yellow region, the neuron exhibits 3:1 mode-locking.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4697505&req=5

Figure 1: The Arnold tongues diagram for a Class 1 Izhikevich neuron driven by an external sinusoidal forcing. This plot represents the mode-locked regions as a function of the amplitude and frequency of this sinusoidal forcing. Each colored region represents a different phase-locked regime in terms of an integer ratio. Here, an n:m ratio means the neuron produces n action potentials in response to every m cycles of the stimulus. For example, for stimulus amplitudes and frequencies corresponding to the yellow region, the neuron exhibits 3:1 mode-locking.
Mentions: Many neurons in the auditory system of the brain must encode amplitude variations of a periodic signal. These neurons under periodic stimulation display rich dynamical states including mode-locking and chaotic responses [1]. Periodic stimuli such as sinusoidal waves and amplitude modulated (AM) sounds can lead to various forms of n:m mode-locked states, similar to the mode-locking phenomenon in a LASER resonance cavity. Obtaining Arnold tongues provides useful insight into the organization of mode-locking behavior of neurons under periodic forcing. In this study we obtained the regions of existence of various mode-locked states on the frequency-amplitude plane, which are called Arnold tongues, for Izhikevich neurons (see Figure 1). This study is based on the model for neurons by Izhikevich (2003), which is a reduced model of a Hodgkin-Huxley neuron [2]. This model is much simpler in terms of the dimension of the coupled non-linear differential equations compared to other existing models, but excellent for generating the complex spiking patterns observed in real neurons [3]. Hence we can describe the construction of harmonic and sub-harmonic responses in the early processing stages of the auditory system, such as the auditory nerve and cochlear nucleus.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML

No MeSH data available.