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Prevalence of denture-related oral lesions among patients attending College of Dentistry, University of Dammam: A clinico-pathological study.

Mubarak S, Hmud A, Chandrasekharan S, Ali AA - J Int Soc Prev Community Dent (2015 Nov-Dec)

Bottom Line: Comprehensive oral examination was performed for all patients.Any denture-induced lesion was biopsied.The prevalence of denture-induced oral lesions was found to differ significantly from that reported in other studies.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Unit of Oral Radiology, College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

ABSTRACT

Background: Heterogeneous groups of oral lesions are likely to develop among denture wearers. The objectives of this study were to determine the exact prevalence of oral lesions among denture wearers attending the clinics of the College of Dentistry, University of Dammam.

Materials and methods: All denture wearers attending the dental clinics in the period between January 2012 and April 2013 were included in this study. Of the total 210 patients, 166 (79%) were males and 44 (21%) were females. Comprehensive oral examination was performed for all patients. Any denture-induced lesion was biopsied. Data collected were analyzed using SPSS program.

Results: Oral lesions were found in 20.5% of the cases under study (43 out of the total 210 denture wearers). Denture-induced fibrous hyperplasia was the most common type of lesion detected (41.9%). A significant correlation (P = 0.004) was found between the type of denture and oral lesions in this study.

Conclusion: The prevalence of denture-induced oral lesions was found to differ significantly from that reported in other studies. The diversity of these lesions among different studies depends on the quality and materials of dentures delivered, the techniques used, and the methods of patients' instructions adopted.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Photomicrograph showing (a) fibrous tissue covered by atrophic epithelium with absence of rete ridges (H and E ×20) and (b) non-specific ulceration (H and E, ×20)
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Figure 2: Photomicrograph showing (a) fibrous tissue covered by atrophic epithelium with absence of rete ridges (H and E ×20) and (b) non-specific ulceration (H and E, ×20)

Mentions: Histopathologically, lesions diagnosed as denture-related TUs showed microscopically non-specific ulceration with mixed inflammatory cell infiltration and without any features of epithelial dysplasia or malignancy [Figure 2].


Prevalence of denture-related oral lesions among patients attending College of Dentistry, University of Dammam: A clinico-pathological study.

Mubarak S, Hmud A, Chandrasekharan S, Ali AA - J Int Soc Prev Community Dent (2015 Nov-Dec)

Photomicrograph showing (a) fibrous tissue covered by atrophic epithelium with absence of rete ridges (H and E ×20) and (b) non-specific ulceration (H and E, ×20)
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4697237&req=5

Figure 2: Photomicrograph showing (a) fibrous tissue covered by atrophic epithelium with absence of rete ridges (H and E ×20) and (b) non-specific ulceration (H and E, ×20)
Mentions: Histopathologically, lesions diagnosed as denture-related TUs showed microscopically non-specific ulceration with mixed inflammatory cell infiltration and without any features of epithelial dysplasia or malignancy [Figure 2].

Bottom Line: Comprehensive oral examination was performed for all patients.Any denture-induced lesion was biopsied.The prevalence of denture-induced oral lesions was found to differ significantly from that reported in other studies.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Unit of Oral Radiology, College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

ABSTRACT

Background: Heterogeneous groups of oral lesions are likely to develop among denture wearers. The objectives of this study were to determine the exact prevalence of oral lesions among denture wearers attending the clinics of the College of Dentistry, University of Dammam.

Materials and methods: All denture wearers attending the dental clinics in the period between January 2012 and April 2013 were included in this study. Of the total 210 patients, 166 (79%) were males and 44 (21%) were females. Comprehensive oral examination was performed for all patients. Any denture-induced lesion was biopsied. Data collected were analyzed using SPSS program.

Results: Oral lesions were found in 20.5% of the cases under study (43 out of the total 210 denture wearers). Denture-induced fibrous hyperplasia was the most common type of lesion detected (41.9%). A significant correlation (P = 0.004) was found between the type of denture and oral lesions in this study.

Conclusion: The prevalence of denture-induced oral lesions was found to differ significantly from that reported in other studies. The diversity of these lesions among different studies depends on the quality and materials of dentures delivered, the techniques used, and the methods of patients' instructions adopted.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus