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Maternal overweight/obesity characteristics and child anthropometric status in Jos, Nigeria.

John C, Ichikawa T, Abdu H, Ocheke I, Diala U, Modise-Letsatsi V, Wada T, Okolo S, Yamamoto T - Niger Med J (2015 Jul-Aug)

Bottom Line: Childhood over-nutrition was more common in maternal BMI of ≥25 kg/m(2).Overall, BAZ was directly related with maternal BMI, maternal age and birth-weight, although it was inversely related with maternal BM I ≥ 25 kg/m(2).Higher BMI is seen in educated and higher SES mothers and this impact on childhood anthropometry.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of International Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan; Department of Paediatrics, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study is to determine the pattern of overweight and obesity and its relationship with childhood anthropometric status in Nigeria.

Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Jos, Nigeria. Interviewer administered questionnaire was used in data collection. Maternal and child anthropometric measurements were obtained using standard WHO methods. Child anthropometric Z scores were obtained from WHO Anthroplus while BMI of mothers were also determined. Totally, 262 mother-child pairs were recruited.

Results: Mean maternal age and mean child age were 30.8 ± 6.3 yrs (15-47 yrs) and 22.3 ± 18.7 months (3-72 months). Prevalence of maternal underweight, overweight and obesity was 4.2% (11/262), 29.4% (77/262) and 25.9% (68/262), respectively. Child overweight/obesity was 5.4% (14/262), severe under-nutrition 5.7% (15/262). Mean maternal BMI was higher in the older, more educated and higher socioeconomic status (SES). Child mean birth-weight, weight-for-age Z-score and BMI-for-age Z-score (BAZ) were higher among mothers with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2). All large-for-age babies were in mothers with maternal BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2). Childhood over-nutrition was more common in maternal BMI of ≥25 kg/m(2). Overall, BAZ was directly related with maternal BMI, maternal age and birth-weight, although it was inversely related with maternal BM I ≥ 25 kg/m(2).

Conclusion: Higher BMI is seen in educated and higher SES mothers and this impact on childhood anthropometry.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Graph of BAZ with birth weight, maternal age and maternal BMI
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Figure 1: Graph of BAZ with birth weight, maternal age and maternal BMI

Mentions: Generally, maternal age, BMI and birth weight show positive linear relationship with BAZ (Graph Total), in mothers with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 maternal BMI has an inverse linear relationship (graph 25 +) as was shown in [Figure 1].


Maternal overweight/obesity characteristics and child anthropometric status in Jos, Nigeria.

John C, Ichikawa T, Abdu H, Ocheke I, Diala U, Modise-Letsatsi V, Wada T, Okolo S, Yamamoto T - Niger Med J (2015 Jul-Aug)

Graph of BAZ with birth weight, maternal age and maternal BMI
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4697208&req=5

Figure 1: Graph of BAZ with birth weight, maternal age and maternal BMI
Mentions: Generally, maternal age, BMI and birth weight show positive linear relationship with BAZ (Graph Total), in mothers with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 maternal BMI has an inverse linear relationship (graph 25 +) as was shown in [Figure 1].

Bottom Line: Childhood over-nutrition was more common in maternal BMI of ≥25 kg/m(2).Overall, BAZ was directly related with maternal BMI, maternal age and birth-weight, although it was inversely related with maternal BM I ≥ 25 kg/m(2).Higher BMI is seen in educated and higher SES mothers and this impact on childhood anthropometry.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of International Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan; Department of Paediatrics, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study is to determine the pattern of overweight and obesity and its relationship with childhood anthropometric status in Nigeria.

Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Jos, Nigeria. Interviewer administered questionnaire was used in data collection. Maternal and child anthropometric measurements were obtained using standard WHO methods. Child anthropometric Z scores were obtained from WHO Anthroplus while BMI of mothers were also determined. Totally, 262 mother-child pairs were recruited.

Results: Mean maternal age and mean child age were 30.8 ± 6.3 yrs (15-47 yrs) and 22.3 ± 18.7 months (3-72 months). Prevalence of maternal underweight, overweight and obesity was 4.2% (11/262), 29.4% (77/262) and 25.9% (68/262), respectively. Child overweight/obesity was 5.4% (14/262), severe under-nutrition 5.7% (15/262). Mean maternal BMI was higher in the older, more educated and higher socioeconomic status (SES). Child mean birth-weight, weight-for-age Z-score and BMI-for-age Z-score (BAZ) were higher among mothers with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2). All large-for-age babies were in mothers with maternal BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2). Childhood over-nutrition was more common in maternal BMI of ≥25 kg/m(2). Overall, BAZ was directly related with maternal BMI, maternal age and birth-weight, although it was inversely related with maternal BM I ≥ 25 kg/m(2).

Conclusion: Higher BMI is seen in educated and higher SES mothers and this impact on childhood anthropometry.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus