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Bees as Biosensors: Chemosensory Ability, Honey Bee Monitoring Systems, and Emergent Sensor Technologies Derived from the Pollinator Syndrome.

Bromenshenk JJ, Henderson CB, Seccomb RA, Welch PM, Debnam SE, Firth DR - Biosensors (Basel) (2015)

Bottom Line: Observations of bee odor search behavior extend back to Aristotle.In the past two decades great strides have been made in methods and instrumentation for the study and exploitation of bee search behavior and for examining intra-organismal chemical communication signals.In particular, bees can be trained to search for and localize sources for a variety of chemicals, which when coupled with emerging tracking and mapping technologies create novel potential for research, as well as bee and crop management.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Bee Alert Technology, Inc., 91 Campus Drive, PMB# 2604, Missoula, MT 59801, USA. beeresearch@aol.com.

ABSTRACT
This review focuses on critical milestones in the development path for the use of bees, mainly honey bees and bumble bees, as sentinels and biosensors. These keystone species comprise the most abundant pollinators of agro-ecosystems. Pollinating 70%-80% of flowering terrestrial plants, bees and other insects propel the reproduction and survival of plants and themselves, as well as improve the quantity and quality of seeds, nuts, and fruits that feed birds, wildlife, and us. Flowers provide insects with energy, nutrients, and shelter, while pollinators are essential to global ecosystem productivity and stability. A rich and diverse milieu of chemical signals establishes and maintains this intimate partnership. Observations of bee odor search behavior extend back to Aristotle. In the past two decades great strides have been made in methods and instrumentation for the study and exploitation of bee search behavior and for examining intra-organismal chemical communication signals. In particular, bees can be trained to search for and localize sources for a variety of chemicals, which when coupled with emerging tracking and mapping technologies create novel potential for research, as well as bee and crop management.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Harmonic radar marking and tracking chip. Note the tall, vertical antennae.
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biosensors-05-00678-f004: Harmonic radar marking and tracking chip. Note the tall, vertical antennae.

Mentions: Shortly thereafter, Joseph Riley, at the Natural Resources Institute (NRI) Radar Unit, Worcestershire, UK, and his team of engineers and investigators re-visited the chip marker approach to tracking bees. An idea to track bees came from the Rothamsted Experimental Station; NRI solved the problem [52]. The NRI unit later became part of Rothamsted Research. Riley’s team successfully followed flying bees using hand-held readers and harmonic radar chips fastened to bees (Figure 4) [53,54,55,56,57]. Unlike most other radio-frequency tags, harmonic radar tags re-radiate the radio-frequency (RF) signal at twice the frequency; a 917 MHz signal will be returned at 1845 MHz.


Bees as Biosensors: Chemosensory Ability, Honey Bee Monitoring Systems, and Emergent Sensor Technologies Derived from the Pollinator Syndrome.

Bromenshenk JJ, Henderson CB, Seccomb RA, Welch PM, Debnam SE, Firth DR - Biosensors (Basel) (2015)

Harmonic radar marking and tracking chip. Note the tall, vertical antennae.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4697140&req=5

biosensors-05-00678-f004: Harmonic radar marking and tracking chip. Note the tall, vertical antennae.
Mentions: Shortly thereafter, Joseph Riley, at the Natural Resources Institute (NRI) Radar Unit, Worcestershire, UK, and his team of engineers and investigators re-visited the chip marker approach to tracking bees. An idea to track bees came from the Rothamsted Experimental Station; NRI solved the problem [52]. The NRI unit later became part of Rothamsted Research. Riley’s team successfully followed flying bees using hand-held readers and harmonic radar chips fastened to bees (Figure 4) [53,54,55,56,57]. Unlike most other radio-frequency tags, harmonic radar tags re-radiate the radio-frequency (RF) signal at twice the frequency; a 917 MHz signal will be returned at 1845 MHz.

Bottom Line: Observations of bee odor search behavior extend back to Aristotle.In the past two decades great strides have been made in methods and instrumentation for the study and exploitation of bee search behavior and for examining intra-organismal chemical communication signals.In particular, bees can be trained to search for and localize sources for a variety of chemicals, which when coupled with emerging tracking and mapping technologies create novel potential for research, as well as bee and crop management.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Bee Alert Technology, Inc., 91 Campus Drive, PMB# 2604, Missoula, MT 59801, USA. beeresearch@aol.com.

ABSTRACT
This review focuses on critical milestones in the development path for the use of bees, mainly honey bees and bumble bees, as sentinels and biosensors. These keystone species comprise the most abundant pollinators of agro-ecosystems. Pollinating 70%-80% of flowering terrestrial plants, bees and other insects propel the reproduction and survival of plants and themselves, as well as improve the quantity and quality of seeds, nuts, and fruits that feed birds, wildlife, and us. Flowers provide insects with energy, nutrients, and shelter, while pollinators are essential to global ecosystem productivity and stability. A rich and diverse milieu of chemical signals establishes and maintains this intimate partnership. Observations of bee odor search behavior extend back to Aristotle. In the past two decades great strides have been made in methods and instrumentation for the study and exploitation of bee search behavior and for examining intra-organismal chemical communication signals. In particular, bees can be trained to search for and localize sources for a variety of chemicals, which when coupled with emerging tracking and mapping technologies create novel potential for research, as well as bee and crop management.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus