Limits...
A Novel Approach for Dynamic Testing of Total Hip Dislocation under Physiological Conditions.

Herrmann S, Kluess D, Kaehler M, Grawe R, Rachholz R, Souffrant R, Zierath J, Bader R, Woernle C - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: The outcomes for a normal sitting down and standing up maneuver revealed good agreement in trend and magnitude compared with in vivo measured hip joint forces.Reducing body mass did not influence impingement-free range of motion and dislocation behavior; however, higher resisting torques were observed under higher loads.Based on the presented data, it can be concluded that the HiL test system is able to reproduce comparable joint dynamics as present in THR patients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Orthopaedics, University Medicine Rostock, Rostock, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Constant high rates of dislocation-related complications of total hip replacements (THRs) show that contributing factors like implant position and design, soft tissue condition and dynamics of physiological motions have not yet been fully understood. As in vivo measurements of excessive motions are not possible due to ethical objections, a comprehensive approach is proposed which is capable of testing THR stability under dynamic, reproducible and physiological conditions. The approach is based on a hardware-in-the-loop (HiL) simulation where a robotic physical setup interacts with a computational musculoskeletal model based on inverse dynamics. A major objective of this work was the validation of the HiL test system against in vivo data derived from patients with instrumented THRs. Moreover, the impact of certain test conditions, such as joint lubrication, implant position, load level in terms of body mass and removal of muscle structures, was evaluated within several HiL simulations. The outcomes for a normal sitting down and standing up maneuver revealed good agreement in trend and magnitude compared with in vivo measured hip joint forces. For a deep maneuver with femoral adduction, lubrication was shown to cause less friction torques than under dry conditions. Similarly, it could be demonstrated that less cup anteversion and inclination lead to earlier impingement in flexion motion including pelvic tilt for selected combinations of cup and stem positions. Reducing body mass did not influence impingement-free range of motion and dislocation behavior; however, higher resisting torques were observed under higher loads. Muscle removal emulating a posterior surgical approach indicated alterations in THR loading and the instability process in contrast to a reference case with intact musculature. Based on the presented data, it can be concluded that the HiL test system is able to reproduce comparable joint dynamics as present in THR patients.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Physical setup of the HiL test system for testing THR.The THR components are fixed on mounting devices attached to the endeffector and the compliant support, respectively. Measurements are taken via the force-torque sensor and displacement sensors.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4696831&req=5

pone.0145798.g002: Physical setup of the HiL test system for testing THR.The THR components are fixed on mounting devices attached to the endeffector and the compliant support, respectively. Measurements are taken via the force-torque sensor and displacement sensors.

Mentions: The physical setup consists of a a six-axis industrial robot (TX200, Stäubli Tec-Systems GmbH, Bayreuth, Germany) equipped with a six degree-of-freedom force-torque sensor (Omega 160, ATI Industrial Automation, Apex, North Carolina, USA) and a compliant support mounted on a ground-fixed framework (Fig 2) [37, 38]. The support consists of three serially arranged prismatic joints with orthogonal axes. Springs restrain the displacements along these axes providing elastic compliance in the three translational directions which are recorded by displacement sensors (MSK 5000, SIKO, Buchenbach, Germany).


A Novel Approach for Dynamic Testing of Total Hip Dislocation under Physiological Conditions.

Herrmann S, Kluess D, Kaehler M, Grawe R, Rachholz R, Souffrant R, Zierath J, Bader R, Woernle C - PLoS ONE (2015)

Physical setup of the HiL test system for testing THR.The THR components are fixed on mounting devices attached to the endeffector and the compliant support, respectively. Measurements are taken via the force-torque sensor and displacement sensors.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4696831&req=5

pone.0145798.g002: Physical setup of the HiL test system for testing THR.The THR components are fixed on mounting devices attached to the endeffector and the compliant support, respectively. Measurements are taken via the force-torque sensor and displacement sensors.
Mentions: The physical setup consists of a a six-axis industrial robot (TX200, Stäubli Tec-Systems GmbH, Bayreuth, Germany) equipped with a six degree-of-freedom force-torque sensor (Omega 160, ATI Industrial Automation, Apex, North Carolina, USA) and a compliant support mounted on a ground-fixed framework (Fig 2) [37, 38]. The support consists of three serially arranged prismatic joints with orthogonal axes. Springs restrain the displacements along these axes providing elastic compliance in the three translational directions which are recorded by displacement sensors (MSK 5000, SIKO, Buchenbach, Germany).

Bottom Line: The outcomes for a normal sitting down and standing up maneuver revealed good agreement in trend and magnitude compared with in vivo measured hip joint forces.Reducing body mass did not influence impingement-free range of motion and dislocation behavior; however, higher resisting torques were observed under higher loads.Based on the presented data, it can be concluded that the HiL test system is able to reproduce comparable joint dynamics as present in THR patients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Orthopaedics, University Medicine Rostock, Rostock, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Constant high rates of dislocation-related complications of total hip replacements (THRs) show that contributing factors like implant position and design, soft tissue condition and dynamics of physiological motions have not yet been fully understood. As in vivo measurements of excessive motions are not possible due to ethical objections, a comprehensive approach is proposed which is capable of testing THR stability under dynamic, reproducible and physiological conditions. The approach is based on a hardware-in-the-loop (HiL) simulation where a robotic physical setup interacts with a computational musculoskeletal model based on inverse dynamics. A major objective of this work was the validation of the HiL test system against in vivo data derived from patients with instrumented THRs. Moreover, the impact of certain test conditions, such as joint lubrication, implant position, load level in terms of body mass and removal of muscle structures, was evaluated within several HiL simulations. The outcomes for a normal sitting down and standing up maneuver revealed good agreement in trend and magnitude compared with in vivo measured hip joint forces. For a deep maneuver with femoral adduction, lubrication was shown to cause less friction torques than under dry conditions. Similarly, it could be demonstrated that less cup anteversion and inclination lead to earlier impingement in flexion motion including pelvic tilt for selected combinations of cup and stem positions. Reducing body mass did not influence impingement-free range of motion and dislocation behavior; however, higher resisting torques were observed under higher loads. Muscle removal emulating a posterior surgical approach indicated alterations in THR loading and the instability process in contrast to a reference case with intact musculature. Based on the presented data, it can be concluded that the HiL test system is able to reproduce comparable joint dynamics as present in THR patients.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus