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On the Compliance of Women Engineers with a Gendered Scientific System.

Ghiasi G, Larivière V, Sugimoto CR - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: However, there has been little empirical research on gender disparities in engineering which help underpin the effective preparation, co-ordination, and implementation of the science and technology (S&T) policies.Engineers-regardless of their gender-contribute to the reproduction of the male-dominated scientific structures through forming and repeating their collaborations predominantly with men.The results of this study call for integration of data driven gender-related policies in existing S&T discourse.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Concordia University, 1455 De Maisonneuve Blvd. W., Montréal, QC, H3G 1M8, Canada.

ABSTRACT
There has been considerable effort in the last decade to increase the participation of women in engineering through various policies. However, there has been little empirical research on gender disparities in engineering which help underpin the effective preparation, co-ordination, and implementation of the science and technology (S&T) policies. This article aims to present a comprehensive gendered analysis of engineering publications across different specialties and provide a cross-gender analysis of research output and scientific impact of engineering researchers in academic, governmental, and industrial sectors. For this purpose, 679,338 engineering articles published from 2008 to 2013 are extracted from the Web of Science database and 974,837 authorships are analyzed. The structures of co-authorship collaboration networks in different engineering disciplines are examined, highlighting the role of female scientists in the diffusion of knowledge. The findings reveal that men dominate 80% of all the scientific production in engineering. Women engineers publish their papers in journals with higher Impact Factors than their male peers, but their work receives lower recognition (fewer citations) from the scientific community. Engineers-regardless of their gender-contribute to the reproduction of the male-dominated scientific structures through forming and repeating their collaborations predominantly with men. The results of this study call for integration of data driven gender-related policies in existing S&T discourse.

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Share and average weight of FF, FM, and MM collaborations across engineering specialties.
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pone.0145931.g007: Share and average weight of FF, FM, and MM collaborations across engineering specialties.

Mentions: In attempt to understand how individuals of each gender collaborate with one another, links in the networks are attributed to three collaboration types: (1) a link between a female engineer with another female engineer (FF collaboration), (2) a link between a female engineer with a male engineer (FM collaboration), and (3) a link between a male engineer with another male engineer (MM collaboration). MM collaborations account for the lion’s share of co-authorship collaborations, while FF collaborations form less than 7% of total collaborations among engineers (Fig 7). These results are expected, given that the field of engineering is largely male-dominant and the number of female engineers is relatively low, hence FF collaboration are less likely to form. At the level of engineering specialties, different results are obtained (Fig 7). The share of FF ties is the highest in specialties where share of female authorship is the highest (i.e., materials, chemical engineering) and is the lowest among the most male-dominated ones (i.e., aerospace, mechanical, and nuclear engineering). Although low in number, FF collaborations outweigh FM collaboration ties in nuclear technology. This shows that women nuclear engineers formed stronger collaboration ties with their female counterparts than with their male peers or, in other words, they repeated their collaboration on authoring papers more with women despite of having higher number of collaborations with men. The weights of collaborations for co-authorship relations are similar for all three collaboration types in mechanical engineering and computers subfields, showing that FF collaborations are as strong as FM and MM collaborations. It can be interpreted that researchers in those subfields repeated their collaborations with women as much as with men.


On the Compliance of Women Engineers with a Gendered Scientific System.

Ghiasi G, Larivière V, Sugimoto CR - PLoS ONE (2015)

Share and average weight of FF, FM, and MM collaborations across engineering specialties.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4696668&req=5

pone.0145931.g007: Share and average weight of FF, FM, and MM collaborations across engineering specialties.
Mentions: In attempt to understand how individuals of each gender collaborate with one another, links in the networks are attributed to three collaboration types: (1) a link between a female engineer with another female engineer (FF collaboration), (2) a link between a female engineer with a male engineer (FM collaboration), and (3) a link between a male engineer with another male engineer (MM collaboration). MM collaborations account for the lion’s share of co-authorship collaborations, while FF collaborations form less than 7% of total collaborations among engineers (Fig 7). These results are expected, given that the field of engineering is largely male-dominant and the number of female engineers is relatively low, hence FF collaboration are less likely to form. At the level of engineering specialties, different results are obtained (Fig 7). The share of FF ties is the highest in specialties where share of female authorship is the highest (i.e., materials, chemical engineering) and is the lowest among the most male-dominated ones (i.e., aerospace, mechanical, and nuclear engineering). Although low in number, FF collaborations outweigh FM collaboration ties in nuclear technology. This shows that women nuclear engineers formed stronger collaboration ties with their female counterparts than with their male peers or, in other words, they repeated their collaboration on authoring papers more with women despite of having higher number of collaborations with men. The weights of collaborations for co-authorship relations are similar for all three collaboration types in mechanical engineering and computers subfields, showing that FF collaborations are as strong as FM and MM collaborations. It can be interpreted that researchers in those subfields repeated their collaborations with women as much as with men.

Bottom Line: However, there has been little empirical research on gender disparities in engineering which help underpin the effective preparation, co-ordination, and implementation of the science and technology (S&T) policies.Engineers-regardless of their gender-contribute to the reproduction of the male-dominated scientific structures through forming and repeating their collaborations predominantly with men.The results of this study call for integration of data driven gender-related policies in existing S&T discourse.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Concordia University, 1455 De Maisonneuve Blvd. W., Montréal, QC, H3G 1M8, Canada.

ABSTRACT
There has been considerable effort in the last decade to increase the participation of women in engineering through various policies. However, there has been little empirical research on gender disparities in engineering which help underpin the effective preparation, co-ordination, and implementation of the science and technology (S&T) policies. This article aims to present a comprehensive gendered analysis of engineering publications across different specialties and provide a cross-gender analysis of research output and scientific impact of engineering researchers in academic, governmental, and industrial sectors. For this purpose, 679,338 engineering articles published from 2008 to 2013 are extracted from the Web of Science database and 974,837 authorships are analyzed. The structures of co-authorship collaboration networks in different engineering disciplines are examined, highlighting the role of female scientists in the diffusion of knowledge. The findings reveal that men dominate 80% of all the scientific production in engineering. Women engineers publish their papers in journals with higher Impact Factors than their male peers, but their work receives lower recognition (fewer citations) from the scientific community. Engineers-regardless of their gender-contribute to the reproduction of the male-dominated scientific structures through forming and repeating their collaborations predominantly with men. The results of this study call for integration of data driven gender-related policies in existing S&T discourse.

Show MeSH