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Genetic Evidence for the Role of the Vacuole in Supplying Secretory Organelles with Ca2+ in Hansenula polymorpha.

Fokina AV, Chechenova MB, Karginov AV, Ter-Avanesyan MD, Agaphonov MO - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: The ret1-27 mutation also exerted phenotypes indicating alterations in transport between the vacuole and secretory organelles.These data indicate that ret1-27, pmc1 and vps35 affect a previously unknown Pmr1-independent route of the Ca2+ delivery to the secretory pathway.We also observed that the vacuolar protein carboxypeptidase Y receives additional modifications of its glycoside chains if it escapes the Vps10-dependent sorting to the vacuole.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: A.N. Bach Institute of Biochemistry, Research Center of Biotechnology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

ABSTRACT
Processes taking place in the secretory organelles require Ca2+ and Mn2+, which in yeast are supplied by the Pmr1 ion pump. Here we observed that in the yeast Hansenula polymorpha Ca2+ deficiency in the secretory pathway caused by Pmr1 inactivation is exacerbated by (i) the ret1-27 mutation affecting COPI-mediated vesicular transport, (ii) inactivation of the vacuolar Ca2+ ATPase Pmc1 and (iii) inactivation of Vps35, which is a component of the retromer complex responsible for protein transport between the vacuole and secretory organelles. The ret1-27 mutation also exerted phenotypes indicating alterations in transport between the vacuole and secretory organelles. These data indicate that ret1-27, pmc1 and vps35 affect a previously unknown Pmr1-independent route of the Ca2+ delivery to the secretory pathway. We also observed that the vacuolar protein carboxypeptidase Y receives additional modifications of its glycoside chains if it escapes the Vps10-dependent sorting to the vacuole.

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Cell Tracker Blue staining of vacuoles.ret1-27 vps35-Δ, the 64MA70UA-Δvps35 strain; ret1-27 vps10-Δ, the 64MA70UA-Δvps10 strain; vps35-Δ, the 64MA70U-RET-Δvps35 strain; vps10-Δ, the 64MA70U-RET-Δvps10 strain; ret1-27, the 64MA70UAL strain; WT, the 64MA70UA-RET strain. The white bar corresponds to 5 μm. Arrows indicate the additional compartments stained like the vacuole.
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pone.0145915.g010: Cell Tracker Blue staining of vacuoles.ret1-27 vps35-Δ, the 64MA70UA-Δvps35 strain; ret1-27 vps10-Δ, the 64MA70UA-Δvps10 strain; vps35-Δ, the 64MA70U-RET-Δvps35 strain; vps10-Δ, the 64MA70U-RET-Δvps10 strain; ret1-27, the 64MA70UAL strain; WT, the 64MA70UA-RET strain. The white bar corresponds to 5 μm. Arrows indicate the additional compartments stained like the vacuole.

Mentions: Finally we observed the effect of the ret1-27 mutation on the vacuole morphology in the vps35-Δ background. The S. cerevisiae vps35 mutation belongs to the A class of vps mutations, which do not affect morphology of the vacuole [39]. In the H. polymorpha vps35-Δ mutant, vacuole morphology was also unaltered (Fig 10). Based on the observation of increased proteolysis of uPA-Q302 we expected the ret1-27 mutation to affect traffic between the secretory organelles and the vacuole. Despite this, we did not reveal any effect of this mutation alone on the vacuole morphology. However cells of the vps35-Δ ret1-27 double mutant, in addition to the vacuole of regular morphology, possessed several smaller compartments, which were stained by a vacuole-specific dye (Fig 10).


Genetic Evidence for the Role of the Vacuole in Supplying Secretory Organelles with Ca2+ in Hansenula polymorpha.

Fokina AV, Chechenova MB, Karginov AV, Ter-Avanesyan MD, Agaphonov MO - PLoS ONE (2015)

Cell Tracker Blue staining of vacuoles.ret1-27 vps35-Δ, the 64MA70UA-Δvps35 strain; ret1-27 vps10-Δ, the 64MA70UA-Δvps10 strain; vps35-Δ, the 64MA70U-RET-Δvps35 strain; vps10-Δ, the 64MA70U-RET-Δvps10 strain; ret1-27, the 64MA70UAL strain; WT, the 64MA70UA-RET strain. The white bar corresponds to 5 μm. Arrows indicate the additional compartments stained like the vacuole.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4696657&req=5

pone.0145915.g010: Cell Tracker Blue staining of vacuoles.ret1-27 vps35-Δ, the 64MA70UA-Δvps35 strain; ret1-27 vps10-Δ, the 64MA70UA-Δvps10 strain; vps35-Δ, the 64MA70U-RET-Δvps35 strain; vps10-Δ, the 64MA70U-RET-Δvps10 strain; ret1-27, the 64MA70UAL strain; WT, the 64MA70UA-RET strain. The white bar corresponds to 5 μm. Arrows indicate the additional compartments stained like the vacuole.
Mentions: Finally we observed the effect of the ret1-27 mutation on the vacuole morphology in the vps35-Δ background. The S. cerevisiae vps35 mutation belongs to the A class of vps mutations, which do not affect morphology of the vacuole [39]. In the H. polymorpha vps35-Δ mutant, vacuole morphology was also unaltered (Fig 10). Based on the observation of increased proteolysis of uPA-Q302 we expected the ret1-27 mutation to affect traffic between the secretory organelles and the vacuole. Despite this, we did not reveal any effect of this mutation alone on the vacuole morphology. However cells of the vps35-Δ ret1-27 double mutant, in addition to the vacuole of regular morphology, possessed several smaller compartments, which were stained by a vacuole-specific dye (Fig 10).

Bottom Line: The ret1-27 mutation also exerted phenotypes indicating alterations in transport between the vacuole and secretory organelles.These data indicate that ret1-27, pmc1 and vps35 affect a previously unknown Pmr1-independent route of the Ca2+ delivery to the secretory pathway.We also observed that the vacuolar protein carboxypeptidase Y receives additional modifications of its glycoside chains if it escapes the Vps10-dependent sorting to the vacuole.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: A.N. Bach Institute of Biochemistry, Research Center of Biotechnology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

ABSTRACT
Processes taking place in the secretory organelles require Ca2+ and Mn2+, which in yeast are supplied by the Pmr1 ion pump. Here we observed that in the yeast Hansenula polymorpha Ca2+ deficiency in the secretory pathway caused by Pmr1 inactivation is exacerbated by (i) the ret1-27 mutation affecting COPI-mediated vesicular transport, (ii) inactivation of the vacuolar Ca2+ ATPase Pmc1 and (iii) inactivation of Vps35, which is a component of the retromer complex responsible for protein transport between the vacuole and secretory organelles. The ret1-27 mutation also exerted phenotypes indicating alterations in transport between the vacuole and secretory organelles. These data indicate that ret1-27, pmc1 and vps35 affect a previously unknown Pmr1-independent route of the Ca2+ delivery to the secretory pathway. We also observed that the vacuolar protein carboxypeptidase Y receives additional modifications of its glycoside chains if it escapes the Vps10-dependent sorting to the vacuole.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus