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Food allergy among Iranian children with inflammatory bowel disease: A preliminary report.

Imanzadeh F, Nasri P, Sadeghi S, Sayyari A, Dara N, Abdollah K, Nilipoor Y, Mansuri M, Khatami K, Rouhani P, Olang B - J Res Med Sci (2015)

Bottom Line: History of CMA was present in eight patients (28.6%).The SPT showed CMA in 68.4% (8/17) of UC but none of the CD patients (P = 0.077).The CMA seems to be more frequent in UC than in CD patients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pediatric Gastroentrology and Hepatology, Mofid Children's Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Evidence has shown a link between allergic disease and inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). We investigated food allergy in Iranian pediatric IBD patients.

Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a consecutive sample of children with newly diagnosed IBD referring to Mofid Children's University Hospital in Tehran (Iran) between November 2013 and March 2015. Data on age, gender, history of cow's milk allergy (CMA), IBD type, routine laboratory tests, and colonoscopic and histopathological findings were gathered. Food allergy was assessed with the skin prick test (SPT).

Results: A total of 28 patients including 19 ulcerative colitis (UC), 7 Cronh's disease (CD), and two with unclassified colitis with a mean age of 8.3 ± 4.4 years. (57.1% females, 42.9% were studied. History of CMA was present in eight patients (28.6%). Seventeen patients (60.7%) had at least one food allergy (68.4% of UC vs. 42.9% of CD, P = 0.230). Ten patients (35.7%) had multiple food allergies (36.8% of UC vs. 42.9% of CD, P > 0.999). Common allergic foods were cow's milk (28.6%), beef, seafood, albumen, wheat, and walnuts (each 10.7%), and peanuts and chestnuts (each 7.1%). The SPT showed CMA in 68.4% (8/17) of UC but none of the CD patients (P = 0.077).

Conclusion: Food allergy is frequent in Iranian pediatric IBD patients with CMA being the most common observed allergy. The CMA seems to be more frequent in UC than in CD patients.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Frequency of positive skin prick test to each of the foods
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Figure 1: Frequency of positive skin prick test to each of the foods

Mentions: History of CMA and skin atopic diseases were positive in 8 (28.6%) and 5 (17.9%) of the patients, respectively. Seventeen patients (60.7%) had an allergy to at least one food, and 10 patients (35.7%) had multiple food allergies. The frequency of food allergies is presented in Figure 1. In order, patients had allergy to cow's milk (28.6%), beef, seafood, albumen, wheat, and walnuts (each 10.7%), peanuts and chestnuts (each 7.1%), and strawberries, potatoes, sesame, bananas, barley, apple, olive, soya, tomatoes, kiwi, cacao, and orange (each 3.6%).


Food allergy among Iranian children with inflammatory bowel disease: A preliminary report.

Imanzadeh F, Nasri P, Sadeghi S, Sayyari A, Dara N, Abdollah K, Nilipoor Y, Mansuri M, Khatami K, Rouhani P, Olang B - J Res Med Sci (2015)

Frequency of positive skin prick test to each of the foods
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4696370&req=5

Figure 1: Frequency of positive skin prick test to each of the foods
Mentions: History of CMA and skin atopic diseases were positive in 8 (28.6%) and 5 (17.9%) of the patients, respectively. Seventeen patients (60.7%) had an allergy to at least one food, and 10 patients (35.7%) had multiple food allergies. The frequency of food allergies is presented in Figure 1. In order, patients had allergy to cow's milk (28.6%), beef, seafood, albumen, wheat, and walnuts (each 10.7%), peanuts and chestnuts (each 7.1%), and strawberries, potatoes, sesame, bananas, barley, apple, olive, soya, tomatoes, kiwi, cacao, and orange (each 3.6%).

Bottom Line: History of CMA was present in eight patients (28.6%).The SPT showed CMA in 68.4% (8/17) of UC but none of the CD patients (P = 0.077).The CMA seems to be more frequent in UC than in CD patients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pediatric Gastroentrology and Hepatology, Mofid Children's Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Evidence has shown a link between allergic disease and inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). We investigated food allergy in Iranian pediatric IBD patients.

Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a consecutive sample of children with newly diagnosed IBD referring to Mofid Children's University Hospital in Tehran (Iran) between November 2013 and March 2015. Data on age, gender, history of cow's milk allergy (CMA), IBD type, routine laboratory tests, and colonoscopic and histopathological findings were gathered. Food allergy was assessed with the skin prick test (SPT).

Results: A total of 28 patients including 19 ulcerative colitis (UC), 7 Cronh's disease (CD), and two with unclassified colitis with a mean age of 8.3 ± 4.4 years. (57.1% females, 42.9% were studied. History of CMA was present in eight patients (28.6%). Seventeen patients (60.7%) had at least one food allergy (68.4% of UC vs. 42.9% of CD, P = 0.230). Ten patients (35.7%) had multiple food allergies (36.8% of UC vs. 42.9% of CD, P > 0.999). Common allergic foods were cow's milk (28.6%), beef, seafood, albumen, wheat, and walnuts (each 10.7%), and peanuts and chestnuts (each 7.1%). The SPT showed CMA in 68.4% (8/17) of UC but none of the CD patients (P = 0.077).

Conclusion: Food allergy is frequent in Iranian pediatric IBD patients with CMA being the most common observed allergy. The CMA seems to be more frequent in UC than in CD patients.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus