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The role of music therapy in reducing post meal related anxiety for patients with anorexia nervosa.

Bibb J, Castle D, Newton R - J Eat Disord (2015)

Bottom Line: However, there is little research into effective interventions for reducing meal related anxiety in an inpatient setting.Data was collected using the Subjective Units of Distress (SUDS) scale which was administered pre and post each condition.A total of 89 intervention and 84 control sessions were recorded.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Mental Health CSU, Austin Health, 145 Studley Road, Heidelberg, 3084 Victoria Australia ; National Music Therapy Research Unit, Melbourne Conservatorium of Music, University of Melbourne, 151 Barry Street, Parkville, 3010 Victoria Australia.

ABSTRACT

Background: It is well known that mealtime is anxiety provoking for patients with Anorexia Nervosa. However, there is little research into effective interventions for reducing meal related anxiety in an inpatient setting.

Methods: This study compared the levels of distress and anxiety of patients with Anorexia Nervosa pre and post music therapy, in comparison to standard post meal support therapy. Data was collected using the Subjective Units of Distress (SUDS) scale which was administered pre and post each condition.

Results: A total of 89 intervention and 84 control sessions were recorded. Results from an unpaired t-test analysis indicated statistically significant differences between the music therapy and supported meal conditions.

Conclusions: Results indicated that participation in music therapy significantly decreases post meal related anxiety and distress in comparison to standard post meal support therapy. This research provides support for the use of music therapy in this setting as an effective clinical intervention in reducing meal related anxiety.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Adapted subjective units of distress thermometers
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Fig1: Adapted subjective units of distress thermometers

Mentions: Participants were trained in the use of the Subjective Units of Distress Scale (SUDS) which is a self-report tool measuring the subjective intensity of distress or anxiety currently experienced by a participant [24]. Although originally used with a 0 to 100 rating scale, more recently scales of 0 to 10 have been adapted, with participants rating their anxiety on a scale ranging from ‘0 – totally relaxed’ to ‘10 – highest distress/anxiety/fear/discomfort you have ever felt.’ A visual analogue scale in the form of a ‘feelings thermometer’ aided in the visual representation of the SUDS ratings (see Fig. 1) [25].Fig. 1


The role of music therapy in reducing post meal related anxiety for patients with anorexia nervosa.

Bibb J, Castle D, Newton R - J Eat Disord (2015)

Adapted subjective units of distress thermometers
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4696283&req=5

Fig1: Adapted subjective units of distress thermometers
Mentions: Participants were trained in the use of the Subjective Units of Distress Scale (SUDS) which is a self-report tool measuring the subjective intensity of distress or anxiety currently experienced by a participant [24]. Although originally used with a 0 to 100 rating scale, more recently scales of 0 to 10 have been adapted, with participants rating their anxiety on a scale ranging from ‘0 – totally relaxed’ to ‘10 – highest distress/anxiety/fear/discomfort you have ever felt.’ A visual analogue scale in the form of a ‘feelings thermometer’ aided in the visual representation of the SUDS ratings (see Fig. 1) [25].Fig. 1

Bottom Line: However, there is little research into effective interventions for reducing meal related anxiety in an inpatient setting.Data was collected using the Subjective Units of Distress (SUDS) scale which was administered pre and post each condition.A total of 89 intervention and 84 control sessions were recorded.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Mental Health CSU, Austin Health, 145 Studley Road, Heidelberg, 3084 Victoria Australia ; National Music Therapy Research Unit, Melbourne Conservatorium of Music, University of Melbourne, 151 Barry Street, Parkville, 3010 Victoria Australia.

ABSTRACT

Background: It is well known that mealtime is anxiety provoking for patients with Anorexia Nervosa. However, there is little research into effective interventions for reducing meal related anxiety in an inpatient setting.

Methods: This study compared the levels of distress and anxiety of patients with Anorexia Nervosa pre and post music therapy, in comparison to standard post meal support therapy. Data was collected using the Subjective Units of Distress (SUDS) scale which was administered pre and post each condition.

Results: A total of 89 intervention and 84 control sessions were recorded. Results from an unpaired t-test analysis indicated statistically significant differences between the music therapy and supported meal conditions.

Conclusions: Results indicated that participation in music therapy significantly decreases post meal related anxiety and distress in comparison to standard post meal support therapy. This research provides support for the use of music therapy in this setting as an effective clinical intervention in reducing meal related anxiety.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus