Limits...
Combined incubation of cadmium, docosahexaenoic and eicosapentaenoic acid results in increased uptake of cadmium and elevated docosapentaenoic acid content in hepatocytes in vitro.

Linhartova P, Sampels S - Lipids Health Dis (2015)

Bottom Line: The resarzurin assay, evaluating cell viability, showed a significant decrease in cell viability between Cd(2+) incubation time and, further, the pre-incubation with BSA-FA complex resulted in significantly increased cell viability.The most important finding is that DHA and EPA reduced the detrimental effect of Cd(2+) on cell viability.The exact effects and kinetics behind our observations still need further evaluation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters, South Bohemian Research Center of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses, Institute of Aquaculture and Protection of Waters, University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice, Husova Tř. 458/102, 370 05, České Budějovice, Czech Republic. linhap01@frov.jcu.cz.

ABSTRACT

Background: Human hepatocellular cells Hep G2 were used to mimic and investigate the effect of the intake of cadmium (Cd(2+)) contaminated fish on cytotoxicity, fatty acid (FA) and phospholipid class composition.

Methods: Cells were incubated with a combination of Cd(2+) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) fish specific FA.

Results: We measured a significant increased proportion of EPA and DHA in the treated cells compared to the control line confirming the uptake. While doses of 25 μM DHA showed to be toxic to the cells, repeated short term incubations (2 h) at lower doses resulted in an increased uptake of DHA. The resarzurin assay, evaluating cell viability, showed a significant decrease in cell viability between Cd(2+) incubation time and, further, the pre-incubation with BSA-FA complex resulted in significantly increased cell viability. On the metabolic level, increased concentrations of EPA and DHA resulted in an increased proportion of docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) which indicated an increased metabolism. Also 24-h combined incubations of 5 μM Cd(2+) and EPA and DHA showed a significant increase DPA in the total lipid fraction of the cells. In addition, incubation with 5 μM Cd(2+) for 24 h also decreased the total cardiolipin (CL) fraction from the identified phospholipids.

Conclusions: We confirmed that the applied FA were taken up by the cells. A combination of EPA, DHA and Cd(2+) influenced lysosomal integrity, cell viability and lipid metabolism in the cells. The most important finding is that DHA and EPA reduced the detrimental effect of Cd(2+) on cell viability. The exact effects and kinetics behind our observations still need further evaluation.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Phospholipid class composition presented as percentage of total identified (means ± SD, n = 3) after in vitro pre-incubations of Hep G2 for 24 h with 5 μM EPA+ 10 μM DHA dissolved as BSA complex and 24 h post-incubations with/without Cd2+ at nominal concentrations of 1 and 5 μM with changing culture (MEM) medium. Data are presented as means ± SD, n = 3. Different letters denote significant differences between treatments (two factorial ANOVA, (FA, Cd2+), p < 0.05)
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4666081&req=5

Fig5: Phospholipid class composition presented as percentage of total identified (means ± SD, n = 3) after in vitro pre-incubations of Hep G2 for 24 h with 5 μM EPA+ 10 μM DHA dissolved as BSA complex and 24 h post-incubations with/without Cd2+ at nominal concentrations of 1 and 5 μM with changing culture (MEM) medium. Data are presented as means ± SD, n = 3. Different letters denote significant differences between treatments (two factorial ANOVA, (FA, Cd2+), p < 0.05)

Mentions: There were no significant differences in phospholipid composition of the cells related to the pre-incubation with FA. Therefore, the data were combined to facilitate statistical evaluation. Figure 5 shows the phospholipid class composition in the Hep G2 after the various incubations. The phospholipids cardiolipin (CL) decreased significantly after incubation with 5 μM Cd2+ for 24 h. At this level of cadmium, only 12.1 % of CL were detected in cells compared to 14.9 % at 1 μM Cd2+ and 15.4 % without any cadmium treatment (Fig. 5). The decrease of CL between 1 μM and 5 μM incubations was significant (p < 0.05).Fig. 5


Combined incubation of cadmium, docosahexaenoic and eicosapentaenoic acid results in increased uptake of cadmium and elevated docosapentaenoic acid content in hepatocytes in vitro.

Linhartova P, Sampels S - Lipids Health Dis (2015)

Phospholipid class composition presented as percentage of total identified (means ± SD, n = 3) after in vitro pre-incubations of Hep G2 for 24 h with 5 μM EPA+ 10 μM DHA dissolved as BSA complex and 24 h post-incubations with/without Cd2+ at nominal concentrations of 1 and 5 μM with changing culture (MEM) medium. Data are presented as means ± SD, n = 3. Different letters denote significant differences between treatments (two factorial ANOVA, (FA, Cd2+), p < 0.05)
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4666081&req=5

Fig5: Phospholipid class composition presented as percentage of total identified (means ± SD, n = 3) after in vitro pre-incubations of Hep G2 for 24 h with 5 μM EPA+ 10 μM DHA dissolved as BSA complex and 24 h post-incubations with/without Cd2+ at nominal concentrations of 1 and 5 μM with changing culture (MEM) medium. Data are presented as means ± SD, n = 3. Different letters denote significant differences between treatments (two factorial ANOVA, (FA, Cd2+), p < 0.05)
Mentions: There were no significant differences in phospholipid composition of the cells related to the pre-incubation with FA. Therefore, the data were combined to facilitate statistical evaluation. Figure 5 shows the phospholipid class composition in the Hep G2 after the various incubations. The phospholipids cardiolipin (CL) decreased significantly after incubation with 5 μM Cd2+ for 24 h. At this level of cadmium, only 12.1 % of CL were detected in cells compared to 14.9 % at 1 μM Cd2+ and 15.4 % without any cadmium treatment (Fig. 5). The decrease of CL between 1 μM and 5 μM incubations was significant (p < 0.05).Fig. 5

Bottom Line: The resarzurin assay, evaluating cell viability, showed a significant decrease in cell viability between Cd(2+) incubation time and, further, the pre-incubation with BSA-FA complex resulted in significantly increased cell viability.The most important finding is that DHA and EPA reduced the detrimental effect of Cd(2+) on cell viability.The exact effects and kinetics behind our observations still need further evaluation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters, South Bohemian Research Center of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses, Institute of Aquaculture and Protection of Waters, University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice, Husova Tř. 458/102, 370 05, České Budějovice, Czech Republic. linhap01@frov.jcu.cz.

ABSTRACT

Background: Human hepatocellular cells Hep G2 were used to mimic and investigate the effect of the intake of cadmium (Cd(2+)) contaminated fish on cytotoxicity, fatty acid (FA) and phospholipid class composition.

Methods: Cells were incubated with a combination of Cd(2+) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) fish specific FA.

Results: We measured a significant increased proportion of EPA and DHA in the treated cells compared to the control line confirming the uptake. While doses of 25 μM DHA showed to be toxic to the cells, repeated short term incubations (2 h) at lower doses resulted in an increased uptake of DHA. The resarzurin assay, evaluating cell viability, showed a significant decrease in cell viability between Cd(2+) incubation time and, further, the pre-incubation with BSA-FA complex resulted in significantly increased cell viability. On the metabolic level, increased concentrations of EPA and DHA resulted in an increased proportion of docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) which indicated an increased metabolism. Also 24-h combined incubations of 5 μM Cd(2+) and EPA and DHA showed a significant increase DPA in the total lipid fraction of the cells. In addition, incubation with 5 μM Cd(2+) for 24 h also decreased the total cardiolipin (CL) fraction from the identified phospholipids.

Conclusions: We confirmed that the applied FA were taken up by the cells. A combination of EPA, DHA and Cd(2+) influenced lysosomal integrity, cell viability and lipid metabolism in the cells. The most important finding is that DHA and EPA reduced the detrimental effect of Cd(2+) on cell viability. The exact effects and kinetics behind our observations still need further evaluation.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus