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Transient and persistent symptoms in patients with lacunar infarction: results from a prospective cohort study.

Zhou YT, Wang GS, Chen XD, Yang TH, Tong DM - J Multidiscip Healthc (2015)

Bottom Line: Patients were followed up and their outcomes were compared.During a mean follow-up of 6 months, survival rate was significantly higher among patients with TSI than among those with PSI (log rank, 6.9; P=0.010); estimated unadjusted incidence of vascular subsequent events (30.9% vs 54.4%, P=0.001) was significantly lower in TSI than in PSI.The TSI has a higher prevalence and is associated with a lower risk of vascular subsequent events and death than PSI.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Clinical Research, XuZhou Medical University, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China.

ABSTRACT

Background: The transient symptoms with lacunar infarction (TSI) and persistent symptoms with lacunar infarction (PSI) are the most common forms of symptomatic lacunar infarction (LI). The aim of this study was to compare the differences in TSI and PSI of symptomatic LI.

Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted in the neurologic outpatients of the tertiary teaching hospital in Northern China between February 2011 and February 2012. The TSI and PSI in participants aged 35 years or over were assessed. Patients were followed up and their outcomes were compared.

Results: Of the 453 symptomatic outpatients, 251 patients with LI were diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging. Approximately 77.3% (194/251) of the patients with LI at this time had TSI. and the remaining 23.7% had PSI. After the adjusted odds ratios, only middle age (risk ratio [RR], 1.1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.157-1.189), lower National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score (RR, 20.6; 95% CI, 6.705-13.31), smaller lacunae on brain images (RR, 2.9; 95% CI, 1.960-4.245), and LI frequently in the anterior circulation territory (RR, 0.2; 95% CI, 0.079-0.721) were independently associated with TSI. During a mean follow-up of 6 months, survival rate was significantly higher among patients with TSI than among those with PSI (log rank, 6.9; P=0.010); estimated unadjusted incidence of vascular subsequent events (30.9% vs 54.4%, P=0.001) was significantly lower in TSI than in PSI.

Conclusion: The TSI has a higher prevalence and is associated with a lower risk of vascular subsequent events and death than PSI. The implications of these findings for TSI and PSI may require different interventions.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Kaplan–Meier subsequent events curves for patients with TSI and PSI.Abbreviations: LI, lacunar infarction; PSI, persistent symptoms with LI; TSI, transient symptoms with LI.
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f2-jmdh-8-511: Kaplan–Meier subsequent events curves for patients with TSI and PSI.Abbreviations: LI, lacunar infarction; PSI, persistent symptoms with LI; TSI, transient symptoms with LI.

Mentions: The unadjusted RR for VSE in the TSI when compared with PSI was 10.9 (95% CI, 7.2–17.5; P=0.001) (Figure 2). Independent predictor identified from a logistic regression model by forwards stepwise regression analyses for VSE was only age (OR, 1.1; 95% CI, 1.064–1.126; P=0.000).


Transient and persistent symptoms in patients with lacunar infarction: results from a prospective cohort study.

Zhou YT, Wang GS, Chen XD, Yang TH, Tong DM - J Multidiscip Healthc (2015)

Kaplan–Meier subsequent events curves for patients with TSI and PSI.Abbreviations: LI, lacunar infarction; PSI, persistent symptoms with LI; TSI, transient symptoms with LI.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4664498&req=5

f2-jmdh-8-511: Kaplan–Meier subsequent events curves for patients with TSI and PSI.Abbreviations: LI, lacunar infarction; PSI, persistent symptoms with LI; TSI, transient symptoms with LI.
Mentions: The unadjusted RR for VSE in the TSI when compared with PSI was 10.9 (95% CI, 7.2–17.5; P=0.001) (Figure 2). Independent predictor identified from a logistic regression model by forwards stepwise regression analyses for VSE was only age (OR, 1.1; 95% CI, 1.064–1.126; P=0.000).

Bottom Line: Patients were followed up and their outcomes were compared.During a mean follow-up of 6 months, survival rate was significantly higher among patients with TSI than among those with PSI (log rank, 6.9; P=0.010); estimated unadjusted incidence of vascular subsequent events (30.9% vs 54.4%, P=0.001) was significantly lower in TSI than in PSI.The TSI has a higher prevalence and is associated with a lower risk of vascular subsequent events and death than PSI.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Clinical Research, XuZhou Medical University, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China.

ABSTRACT

Background: The transient symptoms with lacunar infarction (TSI) and persistent symptoms with lacunar infarction (PSI) are the most common forms of symptomatic lacunar infarction (LI). The aim of this study was to compare the differences in TSI and PSI of symptomatic LI.

Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted in the neurologic outpatients of the tertiary teaching hospital in Northern China between February 2011 and February 2012. The TSI and PSI in participants aged 35 years or over were assessed. Patients were followed up and their outcomes were compared.

Results: Of the 453 symptomatic outpatients, 251 patients with LI were diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging. Approximately 77.3% (194/251) of the patients with LI at this time had TSI. and the remaining 23.7% had PSI. After the adjusted odds ratios, only middle age (risk ratio [RR], 1.1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.157-1.189), lower National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score (RR, 20.6; 95% CI, 6.705-13.31), smaller lacunae on brain images (RR, 2.9; 95% CI, 1.960-4.245), and LI frequently in the anterior circulation territory (RR, 0.2; 95% CI, 0.079-0.721) were independently associated with TSI. During a mean follow-up of 6 months, survival rate was significantly higher among patients with TSI than among those with PSI (log rank, 6.9; P=0.010); estimated unadjusted incidence of vascular subsequent events (30.9% vs 54.4%, P=0.001) was significantly lower in TSI than in PSI.

Conclusion: The TSI has a higher prevalence and is associated with a lower risk of vascular subsequent events and death than PSI. The implications of these findings for TSI and PSI may require different interventions.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus