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Constraints on Negative Prefixation in Polish Sign Language.

Tomaszewski P - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: This is of interest given the relative rarity of prefixes in sign languages.Prefixed PJM signs were analyzed on the basis of both a corpus of texts signed by 15 deaf PJM users who are either native or near-native signers, and material including a specified range of prefixed signs as demonstrated by native signers in dictionary form (i.e. signs produced in isolation, not as part of phrases or sentences).In order to define the morphological rules behind prefixation on both the phonological and morphological levels, native PJM users were consulted for their expertise.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

ABSTRACT
The aim of this article is to describe a negative prefix, NEG-, in Polish Sign Language (PJM) which appears to be indigenous to the language. This is of interest given the relative rarity of prefixes in sign languages. Prefixed PJM signs were analyzed on the basis of both a corpus of texts signed by 15 deaf PJM users who are either native or near-native signers, and material including a specified range of prefixed signs as demonstrated by native signers in dictionary form (i.e. signs produced in isolation, not as part of phrases or sentences). In order to define the morphological rules behind prefixation on both the phonological and morphological levels, native PJM users were consulted for their expertise. The research results can enrich models for describing processes of grammaticalization in the context of the visual-gestural modality that forms the basis for sign language structure.

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The PJM signs SPRAWIEDLIWE ‘fair’ and NEG+SPRAWIEDLIWE ‘unfair’.The individual in this figure has given written informed consent (as outlined in PLOS consent form) to publish these case details.
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pone.0143574.g009: The PJM signs SPRAWIEDLIWE ‘fair’ and NEG+SPRAWIEDLIWE ‘unfair’.The individual in this figure has given written informed consent (as outlined in PLOS consent form) to publish these case details.

Mentions: As shown in Figs 4C and 5C, the h2-P type signs are formed in such a way that, while the prefix NEG- is being articulated with the dominant hand (h1), the non-dominant hand (h2) is obligatorily placed in the location of the second sign in front of the signer’s body. However, the h2-S type signs are articulated differently from the h2-P type signs. The h2-S signs require the prefix NEG- to be two-handed: Both hands of the prefix must be specified for the same handshape, the same movement, and the same orientation; these signs must be articulated symmetrically and identically, in accordance with Battison’s Symmetry Condition [27,28]. An example of this is the prefixed sign NEG+SPRAWIEDLIWE ‘unfair’, in which both hands perform the same phonological action (Fig 9B, see also other h2-S signs with the NEG- prefix, for example, in S5, S20 and S21 Videos).


Constraints on Negative Prefixation in Polish Sign Language.

Tomaszewski P - PLoS ONE (2015)

The PJM signs SPRAWIEDLIWE ‘fair’ and NEG+SPRAWIEDLIWE ‘unfair’.The individual in this figure has given written informed consent (as outlined in PLOS consent form) to publish these case details.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4664272&req=5

pone.0143574.g009: The PJM signs SPRAWIEDLIWE ‘fair’ and NEG+SPRAWIEDLIWE ‘unfair’.The individual in this figure has given written informed consent (as outlined in PLOS consent form) to publish these case details.
Mentions: As shown in Figs 4C and 5C, the h2-P type signs are formed in such a way that, while the prefix NEG- is being articulated with the dominant hand (h1), the non-dominant hand (h2) is obligatorily placed in the location of the second sign in front of the signer’s body. However, the h2-S type signs are articulated differently from the h2-P type signs. The h2-S signs require the prefix NEG- to be two-handed: Both hands of the prefix must be specified for the same handshape, the same movement, and the same orientation; these signs must be articulated symmetrically and identically, in accordance with Battison’s Symmetry Condition [27,28]. An example of this is the prefixed sign NEG+SPRAWIEDLIWE ‘unfair’, in which both hands perform the same phonological action (Fig 9B, see also other h2-S signs with the NEG- prefix, for example, in S5, S20 and S21 Videos).

Bottom Line: This is of interest given the relative rarity of prefixes in sign languages.Prefixed PJM signs were analyzed on the basis of both a corpus of texts signed by 15 deaf PJM users who are either native or near-native signers, and material including a specified range of prefixed signs as demonstrated by native signers in dictionary form (i.e. signs produced in isolation, not as part of phrases or sentences).In order to define the morphological rules behind prefixation on both the phonological and morphological levels, native PJM users were consulted for their expertise.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

ABSTRACT
The aim of this article is to describe a negative prefix, NEG-, in Polish Sign Language (PJM) which appears to be indigenous to the language. This is of interest given the relative rarity of prefixes in sign languages. Prefixed PJM signs were analyzed on the basis of both a corpus of texts signed by 15 deaf PJM users who are either native or near-native signers, and material including a specified range of prefixed signs as demonstrated by native signers in dictionary form (i.e. signs produced in isolation, not as part of phrases or sentences). In order to define the morphological rules behind prefixation on both the phonological and morphological levels, native PJM users were consulted for their expertise. The research results can enrich models for describing processes of grammaticalization in the context of the visual-gestural modality that forms the basis for sign language structure.

Show MeSH