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Constraints on Negative Prefixation in Polish Sign Language.

Tomaszewski P - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: This is of interest given the relative rarity of prefixes in sign languages.Prefixed PJM signs were analyzed on the basis of both a corpus of texts signed by 15 deaf PJM users who are either native or near-native signers, and material including a specified range of prefixed signs as demonstrated by native signers in dictionary form (i.e. signs produced in isolation, not as part of phrases or sentences).In order to define the morphological rules behind prefixation on both the phonological and morphological levels, native PJM users were consulted for their expertise.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

ABSTRACT
The aim of this article is to describe a negative prefix, NEG-, in Polish Sign Language (PJM) which appears to be indigenous to the language. This is of interest given the relative rarity of prefixes in sign languages. Prefixed PJM signs were analyzed on the basis of both a corpus of texts signed by 15 deaf PJM users who are either native or near-native signers, and material including a specified range of prefixed signs as demonstrated by native signers in dictionary form (i.e. signs produced in isolation, not as part of phrases or sentences). In order to define the morphological rules behind prefixation on both the phonological and morphological levels, native PJM users were consulted for their expertise. The research results can enrich models for describing processes of grammaticalization in the context of the visual-gestural modality that forms the basis for sign language structure.

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The comparison of two signs with identical sequences of movements: convex arc-straight.Abbreviations: ω, word; μ, morpheme; ơ, syllable. The two individuals in this figure have given written informed consent (as outlined in PLOS consent form) to publish these case details.
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pone.0143574.g008: The comparison of two signs with identical sequences of movements: convex arc-straight.Abbreviations: ω, word; μ, morpheme; ơ, syllable. The two individuals in this figure have given written informed consent (as outlined in PLOS consent form) to publish these case details.

Mentions: It is worth noting here, that MFA also takes place with some monomorphemic disyllabic signs in which the sequence of movements convex arc–straight is allowed. PJM signs of this kind include, for example, ZASTĄPIĆ ‘substitute’ (Fig 8A). The sequential restrictions on movements which function at the syllabic level rely on the fact that the reversed sequence of movements (*straight–convex (or concave) arc.) is not allowed. In PJM, an arc movement may not occur after a straight movement. An arced movement frequently occurs before a straight movement but not after. The articulation of monomorphemic disyllabic signs with the sequence *straight–arc would thus seem to be in violation of phonotactic rules.


Constraints on Negative Prefixation in Polish Sign Language.

Tomaszewski P - PLoS ONE (2015)

The comparison of two signs with identical sequences of movements: convex arc-straight.Abbreviations: ω, word; μ, morpheme; ơ, syllable. The two individuals in this figure have given written informed consent (as outlined in PLOS consent form) to publish these case details.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4664272&req=5

pone.0143574.g008: The comparison of two signs with identical sequences of movements: convex arc-straight.Abbreviations: ω, word; μ, morpheme; ơ, syllable. The two individuals in this figure have given written informed consent (as outlined in PLOS consent form) to publish these case details.
Mentions: It is worth noting here, that MFA also takes place with some monomorphemic disyllabic signs in which the sequence of movements convex arc–straight is allowed. PJM signs of this kind include, for example, ZASTĄPIĆ ‘substitute’ (Fig 8A). The sequential restrictions on movements which function at the syllabic level rely on the fact that the reversed sequence of movements (*straight–convex (or concave) arc.) is not allowed. In PJM, an arc movement may not occur after a straight movement. An arced movement frequently occurs before a straight movement but not after. The articulation of monomorphemic disyllabic signs with the sequence *straight–arc would thus seem to be in violation of phonotactic rules.

Bottom Line: This is of interest given the relative rarity of prefixes in sign languages.Prefixed PJM signs were analyzed on the basis of both a corpus of texts signed by 15 deaf PJM users who are either native or near-native signers, and material including a specified range of prefixed signs as demonstrated by native signers in dictionary form (i.e. signs produced in isolation, not as part of phrases or sentences).In order to define the morphological rules behind prefixation on both the phonological and morphological levels, native PJM users were consulted for their expertise.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

ABSTRACT
The aim of this article is to describe a negative prefix, NEG-, in Polish Sign Language (PJM) which appears to be indigenous to the language. This is of interest given the relative rarity of prefixes in sign languages. Prefixed PJM signs were analyzed on the basis of both a corpus of texts signed by 15 deaf PJM users who are either native or near-native signers, and material including a specified range of prefixed signs as demonstrated by native signers in dictionary form (i.e. signs produced in isolation, not as part of phrases or sentences). In order to define the morphological rules behind prefixation on both the phonological and morphological levels, native PJM users were consulted for their expertise. The research results can enrich models for describing processes of grammaticalization in the context of the visual-gestural modality that forms the basis for sign language structure.

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